Destiny is Allah’s perfect knowledge of all events past or future, as if a single moment. This expresses the absolute sovereignty of Allah over all beings and events. People can be aware of a certain event when they experience it. But Allah knows all events prior to their occurrence. For Allah, past, present and future are all the same. They are all within the knowledge of Allah since He is the One Who creates them.
For a Muslim, encountering various suffering and difficulties in daily life is both a trial and a means by which he can make comparison with the rewards he hopes to attain in Paradise. It is a source of great pleasure that will be derived from the comparison of hardship and ease, comfort and relief.
A person who thinks that an incident he encounters is not “preordained” is intensively under satan’s influence. Satan’s influence may cause such delusions and a person’s coming to such a state that lowers one’s rank in Allah’s sight pleases satan. Under the satan’s influence, deeming that a seemingly trivial issue is not preordained and is thus out of Allah’s mercy, knowledge and plan or totally forgetting this totally is a disease. A Muslim must cautiously, meticulously treat this disease and avoid contracting this malady.
As the verse, “Indeed, all things We created with predestination.” (Surat al-Qamar, 49) also suggests, every thing in the world is part of that destiny. The majority of people do not give a moment’s consideration to the nature of destiny, and, thus, fail to recognise that it is Allah’s infinite might that exists behind this flawless order.
Some consider that destiny encompasses only human beings. However, everything in the universe, from the furniture in your home, to a pebble on the road, or a dried-up weed, a fruit or a jar on the super-market shelf, are all part of the destiny predetermined by Allah. The fate of every created thing has been determined within the infinite wisdom of Allah.
…He knows everything in the land and sea. No leaf falls without His knowing it. There is no seed in the darkness of the earth, and nothing moist or dry which is not in a Clear Book. (Surat al-An’am: 59)
For instance there is goodness in all events such as missing a favourite TV show or forgetting to order food. Sometimes people can see the wisdom in them with all their details but sometimes they fail to see them totally or can only see some part of it.
The number of such examples one encounters in his daily life are numerous. For this reason it is of vital importance to very well understand this issue and to always keep it in mind.
Whether trivial or significant, any incident one encounters in daily life is utterly preordained. Muslims must always be vigilant against the whisperings of satan saying, “These are the common needs of daily life; they have no relation whatsoever with destiny.”
Having a good grasp of this issue and keeping it in mind, considering every incident with an eye of wisdom, and assessing all events evolving within the beautiful destiny of Allah is a great blessing in this world and the Hereafter. It is a fact that is instrumental for one’s wisdom, will, comfort and peace.
Adnan Oktar's piece on the Gulf Today: