The Science of Allah's Creation
So far, we have examined the grave error committed by those who accept the assertion that "Allah used evolution to create living things." Unlike other evolutionists, such people do not directly say that life emerged by chance. However, by maintaining the error that Allah used evolution in His creation, they willingly or otherwise support Darwinism on some points. According to their mistaken perspective, Allah must have used such evolutionary mechanisms as mutation and natural selection, which is a totally groundless claim.
However, science has demonstrated that neither natural selection nor mutation can create a new species. In other words, they have no evolutionary force. Those who support the idea of evolutionary creation maintain that Allah uses mutations to change a living thing's genetic data so that it can acquire useful organs, or that Allah first creates primitive creatures and then employs natural selection to turn them into more complex ones and to perfect them. In other words, He uses natural selection to add a new organ, lets an already-existing organ atrophy, or do away with it altogether in order to turn one species into another.(Allah is beyond that) But the fact is that these claims are both unscientific and also incompatible with the Qur'an.
People, who are unaware of the latest scientific developments can easily make such faulty assumptions, particularly if they wish to support evolution. However, such a claim flies in the face of scientific fact. Moreover, as we shall see later, the Qur'an does not mention such a thing.
One thing needs to be made quite clear: Of course Allah could have employed evolution to create living things if He had so willed. Yet the Qur'an contains no information regarding evolution and not one verse supports the evolutionists' claim of the stage-by-stage emergence of species. Science also reveals the falsity of such a claim. Since the situation is so clear, there is no way for a Muslim to justify his/her support of it. The only possible reasons for such errors are a lack of information, an inferiority complex when dealing with evolutionists, and the belief that since evolutionists are in the majority they must necessarily be right.
Allah Created the Universe from Nothing
Allah creates everything, in the form and at the time that He chooses, without the use of any model and out of nothing. Since He is exalted above any defect and is rich beyond any need. He has no need of any cause, vehicle, or stages for His creation. Nobody should be deceived by the fact that everything is linked to given causes and natural laws. But Allah is beyond all these causes and laws, since He created them.
Allah, the Lord of the Earth and the Heavens, can also do away with these causes if He so wills. For instance, He can create people who do not need oxygen to survive, and therefore do not need any lungs. Given this, why would He "need" to perfect the lung by making it evolve over time or through any other mechanism? It is therefore completely wrong for people to think of Allah's greatness and might as being limited to their own feelings and reason. We can have knowledge only to the extent that He permits.
Allah can use particular stages in His creation if He so wills. For example, He produces a plant from a seed or a human being from the coming together of a sperm and an egg cell. Yet these stages, as we shall see later, have nothing to do with evolution and have no room for chance or coincidence. Every stage in the emergence of a plant, or the turning of a single cell into a human being "in the best of forms," happens thanks to the perfect systems created by His infinite might.
Allah willed and created the Earth and the Heavens, all that lies between, and all living and non-living things. This is very easy for Him, as indicated in the Qur'an:
He created the heavens and Earth with truth. The day He says "Be!" it is. His speech is Truth... (Surat al-An'am, 73)
Our Word to a thing when We will it is just to say to it "Be!" and it is. (Surat an-Nahl, 40)
He gives life and causes to die. When He decides on something, He just says to it, "Be!" and it is. (Surah Ghafir, 68)
Creation is very easy for Allah. As these verses reveal, all He has to do is say "Be!," thereby willing it to be so. Many verses reveal that He created the universe and living things in perfect form. It is a grave mistake for Muslims to adhere to forced explanations in the face of this evident truth and to make such specious claims that Allah employed evolution to create and used mutation, natural selection, and transitional stages between apes and humans. It is quite wrong to put forward such accounts, for which there is no evidence in either the Qur'an or science, in the hope of being accepted by evolutionists.
Allah makes all the laws in the universe and gives them the form He chooses, brings about what He wills and when He wills it, permeates everything in the Earth and the Heavens, and rules everything with His power. Yet some people do not fully comprehend His might and thus judge Him based upon their own limited powers. Allah reveals their existence in the Qur'an:
They do not measure Allah with His true measure when they say: "Allah would not send down anything to a mere human being."... (Surat al-An'am, 91)
They do not measure Allah with His true measure. Allah is All-Strong, Almighty. (Surat al-Hajj, 74)
They do not measure Allah with His true measure. The whole Earth will be a mere handful for Him on the Day of Resurrection the heavens folded up in His right hand. Glory be to Him! He is exalted above the partners they ascribe! (Surat az-Zumar, 67)
Contrary to what those who believe in evolutionary creation suggest, Allah did not first create apes and then cause them to evolve into humans through flawed transitional forms with missing organs. Rather, as the Qur'an reveals, Allah created man in the most perfect manner:
We created man in the finest mold. (Surat at-Tin, 4)
He created the heavens and Earth with truth and formed you, giving you the best of forms. And He is your final destination. (Surat at-Taghabun, 3)
The above verses are some of the proofs that Allah created man in perfect form, in other words, the form that he has now. Of course, man also has several incapacities and weaknesses, all of which remind him of his poverty before our Lord. Deformities and disabilities are the results of a purposeful creation, for they serve as reminders for those who see them and as a test for those who carry them.
As forms and species, Allah created all living things instantaneously and perfectly, with no need for evolution at all. That evident truth is revealed in the Qur'an:
He is Allah – the Creator, the Maker, the Giver of Form. To Him belong the Most Beautiful Names. Everything in the heavens and Earth glorifies Him. He is the Almighty, the All-Wise. (Surat al-Hashr, 24)
In the Qur'an, Allah describes how easy creation is for Him:
Does He Who created the heavens and Earth not have the power to create the same again? Yes indeed! He is the Creator, the All-Knowing. (Surah Ya Sin, 81)
Your creation and rising is only like that of a single self. Allah is All-Hearing, All-Seeing. (Surah Luqman, 28)
Allah's Different Forms of Creation
Another important point ignored by those who believe in the error of evolutionary creation is Allah's different forms of creation. Allah has produced living things that differ significantly from humans and animals, such as angels and the jinn. This matter will be discussed in the following pages.
Two-, Three-, and Four-Winged Angels
Angels are beings that always obey Allah's commands. Allah describes their creation in the Qur'an as follows:
Praise be to Allah, the Bringer into Being of the heavens and Earth, He Who made the angels messengers, with wings – two, three, or four. He adds to creation in any way He wills. Allah has power over all things. (Surah Fatir, 1)
As we can see from this description, the forms of angels differ considerably from those of human beings. Allah draws attention to the different forms of creation in the above verse.
Allah also informs how angels are at His command and obey Him:
Everything in the heavens and every creature on Earth prostrates to Allah, as do the angels. They are not puffed up with pride. They fear their Lord above them and do everything that they are ordered to do. (Surat an-Nahl, 49-50)
The Messiah would never disdain to be a servant of Allah, nor would the angels near to Him. If any do disdain to worship Him and grow arrogant, He will in any case gather them all to Him. (Surat an-Nisa', 172)
You who believe! Safeguard yourselves and your families from a Fire whose fuel is people and stones. Harsh, terrible angels are in charge of it, who do not disobey Allah in respect of any order He gives them and carry out what they are ordered to do. (Surat at-Tahrim, 6)
In addition, angels were created before man. In fact, Allah told the angels when He was going to create the Prophet Adam (pbuh), the first human being, and commanded them to prostrate before him.
At the same time, Allah gave the Prophet Adam (pbuh) knowledge that was different from that of the angels, and taught him the names of things. Angels do not possess that knowledge. As it is revealed in the Qur'an:
When your Lord said to the angels, "I am putting a vicegerent on Earth," they said, "Why put on it one who will cause corruption on it and shed blood when we glorify You with praise and proclaim Your purity?" He said, "I know what you do not know." He taught Adam the names of all things. Then He arrayed them before the angels and said, "Tell me the names of these, if you are telling the truth." They said, "Glory be to You! We have no knowledge except what You have taught us. You are the All-Knowing, the All-Wise." He said, "Adam, tell them their names." When he had told them their names, He said, "Did I not tell you that I know the Unseen of the heavens and Earth, and I know what you make known and what you hide?" We said to the angels, "Prostrate to Adam!" and they prostrated, with the exception of Iblis. He refused and was arrogant and was one of the disbelievers. (Surat al-Baqara, 30-34)
Jinn are Created from Fire
Like angels, the jinn's appearance also differs from that of man. The verses below show that man was created from clay, while the jinn were created from fire:
We created mankind out of dried clay formed from fetid black mud. We created the jinn before, out of the fire of a searing wind. (Surat al-Hijr, 26-27)
He created man from dry earth like baked clay, and He created the jinn from a fusion of fire. (Surat ar-Rahman, 14-15)
In the Qur'an, Allah also reveals His purpose in creating man and the jinn:
I only created jinn and man to worship Me. (Surat adh-Dhariyat, 56)
It is clear from this that even though man and the jinn are very different beings they both were created to worship only Allah by living by the values He prescribed. He has revealed in many verses that both angels and the jinn have some characteristics that differ from human characteristics. For instance, both can transport matter:
He (Solomon) said, "Council! Who among you will bring me her (the Queen of Sheba's) throne before they come to me in submission?" An audacious one among the jinn said, "I will bring it to you before you get up from your seat. I am strong and trustworthy enough to do it." (Surat an-Naml, 38-39)
The Qur'an also reveals that the jinn, just like the angels, were created before man. When He created the Prophet Adam (pbuh) Allah commanded the angels and the jinn to prostrate before him. After that, He reveals that satan is one of the jinn:
When We said to the angels, "Prostrate yourselves to Adam," they prostrated, with the exception of Diabolis. He was one of the jinn and wantonly deviated from his Lord's command. Do you take him and his offspring as protectors apart from Me when they are your enemy? How evil is the exchange the wrongdoers make! (Surat al-Kahf, 50)
Creation is an easy matter for Allah, Who can create from nothing and with no previous cause. Just as He created the angels and the jinn in different forms from nothing, He also created man as a separate being from nothing and with no need for evolution. The same applies to other living things, such as animals and plants. Allah created all of these spontaneously out of nothing and without having them evolve – in other words, without turning one species into another. Every one of these is a product of the flawless systems Allah's might and sovereignty brought about.
How the Bird Created from Clay by
In the Qur'an, Allah reveals that He has inspired the bee and told it what it should do:
Your Lord revealed to the bees: "Build dwellings in the mountains and the trees, and also in the structures that people erect. Then eat from every kind of fruit and travel the paths of your Lord, which have been made easy for you to follow." From inside them comes a drink of varying colors, containing healing for mankind. There is certainly a Sign in that for people who reflect. (Surat an-Nahl, 68-69)
As we know, bees collect pollen and produce honey by mixing pollen with secretions from their own bodies. In order to store the honey and raise their young, they make hexagonal wax cells, all of which are exceedingly ordered, have the same angle, and are generally identical. They build honeycombs with these. Moreover, bees that leave the hive in search of food and always return to it possess special systems Allah creates so that they can find their way home. Allah's reference to bees in the command in the verse "…and travel the paths of your Lord" of course contains great wisdom for thinking people.
For an insect to know about the angles in hexagons, discover the formula for wax and design the systems necessary for producing it in their own bodies, and then fit such information into its own DNA so that future members of the same species will possess the same abilities are all, of course, impossible.
It is self-evident that bees have been taught all of these things by Almighty and Omniscient Allah. In other words, such knowledge has been inspired in them, as the verses reveal. Allah, Who knows all, inspires to the bee what it needs to do, and the bee then acts in the full light of that inspiration. Such conscious behavior is clear evidence of creation.
The study of such properties in animals reveals the flawless signs of creation and higher consciousness inherent in living things. Such things allow one to understand once again Allah's incomparable might. He has the power to create whatever creature He wills and with whatever attributes He wills, possesses limitless might, and is the Ruler of all.
However, evolutionists believe that such extraordinary features of living things came about by chance. According to this illogical claim, bees learned to calculate angles and managed to transfer that knowledge to other bees by chance. Chance also led to the emergence of bodily systems for producing wax and honey.
Just a few seconds of thought is sufficient to see that such imaginary scenarios are far removed from reason and science. Allah creates bees and gives them consciousness. Such miracles of creation place evolutionists in a dilemma from which they can never escape.
As revealed in the Qur'an, Allah enabled the Prophet Solomon (pbuh) to understand the language of the ants.
As touched on in the previous section, evolutionists maintain the error that living things are the work of blind coincidence and random events. However, there is absolutely no proof to confirm this imaginary thesis. There is, however, a great deal of evidence to disprove their claims.
Consider the Qur'anic account of the Prophet Solomon (pbuh) and a female ant. According to the verses, he heard and understood the ant's words, as narrated in the following verses:
Then, when they reached the Valley of the Ants, an ant said, "Ants! Enter your dwellings so that Solomon and his troops do not crush you unwittingly." He smiled, laughing at its words, and said, "My Lord, keep me thankful for the blessing You have bestowed on me and on my parents, and keep me acting rightly, pleasing You. And admit me, by Your mercy, among Your righteous servants." (Surat an-Naml, 18-19)
As this verse makes clear, one ant addressed the others. Of course, it is out of the question for a creature supposedly "created" by chance to have a special communication system that allows it to address its own community or exhibit behavior indicative of reason and logic. A creature, whichcomes into being by Allah's will, displays conscious behavior in the manner and to the extent that Allah wills. It also is possible to communicate with such a creature, if Allah wills it.
Animals, which, according to the fictitious claim of the theory of evolution, are supposed to lack consciousness, in fact display evidence of considerable reason, as we have seen in these two examples. Maybe we cannot expect Darwinists to understand the extraordinary nature of this situation (We free from any imputation those who think sincerely and who follow the dictates of their consciences). However, those who say that they believe in Allah's existence and power really must think about such signs, for they once again disprove evolution. This, in turn, shows that evolution cannot be defended in any possible way.
Ignoring the fact that Allah has the power to create and destroy plays an important role in causing some Muslims to believe in evolution. Such Muslims who have been deceived by evolution are under the influence of naturalism, which asserts that the laws of nature are fixed and unchanging, and that nothing can take place outside of them. Yet this is a great error. What we mean by "the laws of nature" stem from Allah's creating and maintaining matter in a particular form. In no way can they be considered features that stem from within matter itself. As Allah has made clear, He can alter these laws at any time and act outside of their scope.
Allah creates miracles when He wills.That the above mentioned Companions of the Cave remained alive for more than 300 years is a miracle beyond the laws of nature. Those whom Allah killed and then brought back to life are also miracles. Every event occurs because Allah wills it to occur. Those that occur within the bounds of certain laws are "normal," while the others are miracles.
The point that needs to be understood here is that Allah is never constrained by the laws He created. If He so wills, He can totally reverse all the laws of nature. That is easy for Allah to do.
Since Muslim evolutionists have fallen under the influence of naturalism, which forms the foundation of Darwinism, they try to account for the origin of human and other life in terms of natural laws. They believe that Allah brought living things into existence by means of a creation that is limited by natural laws (Allah is beyond that), and thus imagine that creation was brought about by mutation, natural selection, variation, and one species turning into another. It is a grave error, however, for Muslims to accept such "naturalist" logic, for the miracles described in the Qur'an clearly reveal that such logic is ill-founded.
When we look at those verses that discuss the creation of living things and men, we see that this creation took place in a miraculous way and outside the bounded laws of nature. This is how Allah reveals the creation of living things:
Allah created every animal from water. Some of them go on their bellies, some of them on two legs, and some on four. Allah creates whatever He wills. Allah has power over all things. (Surat an-Nur, 45)
This verse points to the main living groups on Earth (reptiles, birds, and mammals) and says that Allah created all of them from water. On closer inspection, these groups were not created "out of each other," as "foreseen" by evolution, but "from water." In other words, they were formed separately from a common material Allah shaped.
Modern science also has made it clear that this common material was water, the basic component of every living body. Mammals' bodies are about 70 percent water. Each living thing's bodily water enables contact between cells, as well as inter-cell and inter-tissue contact. It is an accepted fact that nothing can live without water.
And yet some Muslims misinterpret the above verse and try to give it a meaning more in line with evolution. However, it is obvious that the fact of creation from water has nothing to do with evolution, for that theory does not claim that every living thing emerged from water and evolved. On the contrary, it maintains that living species evolved from one another, an evident contradiction of the fact that all living groups were created from water (in other words, that they were created independently).
In the Qur'an, Allah reveals that man was created in a miraculous manner. To create the first human being, Allah shaped clay, and then breathed a soul into it:
Your Lord said to the angels, "I am going to create a human being out of clay. When I have formed him and breathed My Spirit into him, fall down in prostration to him!" (Surah Sâd, 71-72)
We created man from the purest kind of clay. (Surat al-Muminun, 12)
Ask them for a ruling: Are they stronger in structure or other things that We have created? We created them from sticky clay. (Surat as-Saffat, 11)
It can be seen here that man was not created from an ape or other living species, as some Muslims would have us believe, but from clay, a lifeless substance. Allah miraculously turned that inanimate substance into a human being and breathed a soul into him. There is no "natural evolutionary process" at work here, but rather Allah's miraculous and direct creation. In fact, His words as recorded below show that man was created directly by Allah's power:
He (Allah) said, "Diabolis, what prevented you prostrating to what I created with My own two hands? Were you overcome by arrogance, or are you one of the exalted? (Surah Sâd, 75)
In short, the Qur'an contains no "evolutionary" account of the creation of man and living things. On the contrary, it states that Almighty Allah created these miraculously from such inanimate substances as water and mud. Despite this, the history of Islam shows that some Muslims were influenced by ancient Greek philosophy, as well as by internal materialist and evolutionary elements, and then tried to adapt that philosophy, in their own eyes, to the Qur'an. The great Islamic scholar and reformer Imam al-Ghazali (d.1111) responded to these trends, which emerged in his own day, in his Tahafut al-Falasifa (Incoherence of Philosophers) and other works. However, together with the spread of the theory of evolution during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the deceptions of "creation by evolution" began to reappear in the Islamic world. The next chapter considers the errors made by those Muslims who defend such theses, and analyzes their comments on the Qur'anic verses that they use to justify their position.