Communism in Ambush
Among the leading scientists advocating the theory of evolution during the 20th century were a considerable number of Marxists. Stephen Jay Gould, the foremost of them, is, after Darwin, perhaps the most quoted name in the USA associated with "the theory of evolution." However, there exists another ideology he is committed to along with Darwinism: Marxism.
In his view, Darwinism and Marxism are two sides of the same coin. In 1992, when the whole world believed "communism has been abolished once and for all," Gould said, following his return from a visit to Russia, "Yes, the Russian reality does discredit a specific Marxist economics, but Marx has been proven right about the validity of the larger model of punctuational change."1 That is, according to Gould, Marxism is still alive.
Scientists such as Alexander Oparin and J. B. S. Haldane, who produced the most important works on the theory of evolution in the first half of the 20th century, are all strong advocates of Marxism. In our day, evolutionists in the West, such as John Maynard Smith and Richard Lewontin also support Marxism.
According to them, Darwinism and Marxism mean very much the same thing. Both theories depend upon a common philosophical premise: dialectical materialism. While Marx applied dialectical materialism to history, Darwin applied it to nature. The collapse of the Soviet Union and the Eastern Bloc, the event which is interpreted as "The abolition of Communism" by the world, was, according to these scientists, nothing more than a mere "collapse of a flawed interpretation of Marxism." A Marxist understanding of politics will exist so long as dialectical materialism exists.
Today, things have taken a much different course: According to Marx, a society needs to go through particular phases. It should first experience capitalism, then proceed to socialism and ultimately to communism. However, Russia and other communist regimes of the 20th century have experienced a leap from agrarian society to socialism, leaving out the intermediate capitalist stage, which is the reason for the failure of these regimes, according to Marxists. By their recent embrace of capitalism, these countries have become ripe for the "capitalist stage" foreseen by Marx. This would lay the ground for the ultimate arrival of an even stronger and permanent socialist regime. This interpretation is the one adopted by those who still have faith in Marxism in our day.
Communism was the bloodiest ideology that caused more than 120 milion innocent deaths in the 20th century. It was a nightmare which promised equality and justice, but which brought only bloodshed, death, torture and fear.
Consequently, those who think communism has been relegated to the trash heaps of history with the collapse of the Soviet Union and the Eastern Bloc, and thus is no longer a threat to world peace, are on the wrong tack. Communism is the political theory of dialectical materialism, and it will exist as long as dialectical materialism exists. If a philosophy persists in a society, then it only remains for the "appropriate ground to appear" for this philosophy to become politically effective. If dialectical materialism exists forcefully and extensively, then communism, which is its political dimension, may well become an effective power when appropriate conditions arise. The fact remains that today, communists hold considerable power, even in European countries. Communist parties in France and Italy are still powerful; they are all doing well at the ballot box. In the former Eastern Bloc countries, on the other hand, there still exist the former communist cadres commanding socialist parties, and they are increasing their share of the vote. An international economic crisis may well open the way to these socialist parties, pushing the countries in question to communist-ruled regimes.
nations into terrible crises, conflicts and wars, and inflicted horrendous disasters on the world. It bears a significant part of the responsibility for much of the suffering and crises that mankind is still experiencing.
Russia: One Step Forward, Two Steps Back!
The situation in Russia is even more striking. By the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the regime has been steered towards fascism rather than democracy. Yeltsin, who raised strong objections to the Duma (The Russian Parliament) when he was in power, had a fascist personality and management style. Today, his legacy is kept alive by his successor, Putin.
After 1991, almost no changes occurred in the Russian political regime and culture. The main change, however, was in the economy and social structure. A "savage capitalism," similar to the one experienced in England during the 19th century, holds sway over Russia today. The weakening of the central authority of the state gave rise to the stepping in of the mafia, which forms a sort of "feudal structure" in the country. That is to say, the current structure of Russia, from the Marxist perspective, is a structure of "pre-communism." This is how communists, who enjoy high shares of the vote in Russia, and, what is more, who are influential in the state mechanism, evaluate the current situation in Russia. A potential international crisis, which might well shake the credibility of liberal economy and democracy, can any time easily change this communist theory into reality and establish another communist regime in Russia.
In fact, another stealthy tactic of communism emerges here: Communists, in their own way, make arrangements to put the disrupted historical sequence of events (the transition from capitalism to communism) right. For this reason, they delivered the Russian people into the hands of the Mafia and set the stage for classical capitalism to flourish. This system, devised to impoverish the Russian people, compelled the public to say, "There is no other way out than communism."
On the other hand, communism continues to exist in secret. The cadres of today are the legacy of former communists. These people, deeply imbued with Marx's dialectic materialism, have never abandoned their dreams for the communist cause. Being true communists, they are implementing and advocating capitalism at present.
Behind the scenes, however, communism is actually in power in Russia. In the hands of the ardent communist cadre, the capitalist lifestyle becomes a tool to impoverish the public and make conditions wretched for them. Meanwhile, a policy of the instilling of irreligiousness and immorality is kept alive. Such tactics and inspirations ensure moral deprivation and a society distant to the existence of God, which make people more liable to embrace communism.
The power held by Russian communists, who still march with posters of Stalin or Lenin in their hands, must not be belittled or ignored. Communists see the collapse of the USSR in 1991 as a temporary withdrawal on the way to their ultimate aim, as foreseen by Lenin in his book One Step Forward, Two Steps Back (1904). In this book, Lenin presents his views as follows:
Russia's Communist leader Stalin, widely regarded as the bloodiest dictator in the history of the world, took over the fields of the peasants in the name of the policy of collectivization which was intended to do away with private property. All the Russian villagers' crops were collected by armed officials. As a result there was a terrible famine. Millions of women, children, and the elderly who could find nothing to eat ended their lives writhing in hunger. The death toll in the Caucasus alone was 1 million.
In our day, communism has put the "one step forward, two steps back" tactic into practice and has taken a step backwards. For this reason, communists carry out their activities in various countries under the guise of different names, spreading the message that communism is no longer a threat to the world. Nonetheless, the concept of "fight" inherent in dialectical materialism, under all conditions, turns communism into an endless "source of bloodshed" for all humanity. No matter under which guise or label it is presented, it can bring nothing but cruelty and misery to mankind, since it considers dialectical struggle as an inherent law of history.
The measure which should be taken against this danger is to "dry up the marsh," in which it thrives. Trying to squash individual mosquitoes, that is, the advocates of communism, one by one would be quite inadequate to the task of drying up the entire marsh. As long as the marsh remains, mosquitoes will keep on proliferating.
Which method will ensure a complete removal of the problem?
Darwin's theory of evolution is the common basis upon which Marxists, Marxist-Leninists, Maoists and advocates of other versions of communism—and even of fascism—rest. This theory, in the words of Marx, is "the basis of all natural sciences" from the perspective of communism. From the point of view of materialist teaching, Engels considered Darwin equivalent to Marx.
Without Darwinism, there exists no communism. Consequently, the only true antidote against communism, which cost more than 100 million lives in the 20th century, and which is still stealthily trying to get organised and build up strength, is the ideological and scientific refutation of Darwinism. When it is revealed that Darwinism is a collapsed theory in terms of science, that living things did not come into existence by evolution but were flawlessly created by God, then neither Marx, nor Lenin, nor Mao and nor any militants, who shed blood or prepare to do so from the inspiration they receive from the posters of those leaders which hang on their walls, will remain in the world.
The removal of the deceit of Darwinism will bring about the end of "source of bloodshed" such as communism while making people turn to God, our true Creator and Lord, and live by the morals revealed by Him.
1 Daniel C. Dennett, Darwin's Dangerous Idea: Evolution and the Meanings of Life, Touchstone, New York, 1996, p. 309
2 Vladimir Lenin, One Step Forward, Two Steps Back, Collected Works, Volume 19, pp. 218-227, translated by Abraham Fineberg and Naomi Jochel