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New Research Demolishes Evolution - Harun Yahya
New Research Demolishes Evolution
There is no concrete fossil evidence to support the "ape-man" image,
which is unceasingly indoctrinated by the media and evolutionist academic
circles. With brushes in their hands, evolutionists produce imaginary
creatures, yet the fact that these drawings have no matching fossils constitutes
a serious problem for them. One of the interesting methods they employ
to overcome this problem is to "produce" the fossils they cannot find.
The Piltdown Man, the biggest scandal in the history of science, is a
typical example of this method.
Piltdown Man: An Orang-utan Jaw and a Human Skull!
A well-known doctor and also an amateur paleoanthropologist,
Charles Dawson came out with an assertion that he had found a jawbone
and a cranial fragment in a pit in Piltdown, England in 1912. Even though
the jawbone was more ape-like, the teeth and the skull were like a man's.
These specimens were labelled the "Piltdown Man". Alleged to be 500 thousand
years old, they were displayed as an absolute proof of human evolution
in several museums. For more than 40 years, many scientific articles were
written on the "Piltdown Man", many interpretations and drawings were
made, and the fossil was presented as an important evidence of human evolution.
No less than five hundred doctoral theses were written on the subject.45The famous American paleoanthropologist Henry Fairfield
Osborn said "we have to be reminded over and over again that Nature is
full of paradoxes and this is an astonishing finding about early man"
while he was visiting the British Museum in 1935.46
ORANG-UTAN JAW AND
A HUMAN SKULL: Piltdown man
fossil, which deceived the world of science for more than 40 years,
was in fact a scientific fraud committed by evolutionists combining
two different pieces of bone. On the left is the false fossil and
on the right the imaginary Piltdown man illustrated based on it.
In 1949, Kenneth Oakley from the British Museum's paleontology department
attempted to try the method of "fluorine testing", a new test used for
determining the date of some old fossils. A trial was made on the fossil
of the Piltdown Man. The result was astounding. During the test, it was
realised that the jawbone of the Piltdown Man did not contain any fluorine.
This indicated that it had remained buried no more than a few years. The
skull, which contained only a small amount of fluorine, showed that it
was only a few thousand years old.
The latest chronological studies made with the fluorine
method have revealed that the skull is only a few thousand years old.
It was determined that the teeth in the jawbone belonging to an orang-utan
had been worn down artificially and that the "primitive" tools discovered
with the fossils were simple imitations that had been sharpened with steel
implements.47In the detailed
analysis completed by Weiner, this forgery was revealed to the public
in 1953. The skull belonged to a 500-year-old man, and the mandibular
bone belonged to a recently dead ape! The teeth were thereafter specially
arranged in an array and added to the jaw and the joints were filed in
order to resemble that of a man. Then all these pieces were stained with
potassium dichromate to give them a dated appearance. These stains began
to disappear when dipped in acid. Le Gros Clark, who was in the team that
disclosed the forgery, could not hide his astonishment at this situation
and said that "the evidences of artificial abrasion immediately sprang
to the eye. Indeed so obvious did they seem it may well be asked -
how was it that they had escaped notice before?"48
In the wake of all this, "Piltdown Man" was hurriedly removed from the
British Museum where it had been displayed for more than 40 years.
Nebraska Man: A Pig's Tooth
This picture was drawn on the basis of a single tooth and it was
published in the Illustrated London News magazine on July 24, 1922.
However, evolutionists were extremely disappointed when it was revealed
that this tooth belonged neither to an ape- like creature nor to
a man, but rather to an extinct species of pig.
In 1922, Henry Fairfield Osborn, the manager of the American Museum of
Natural History, declared that he had found a fossil molar tooth in West
Nebraska near Snake Brook belonging to the Pliocene period. This tooth
allegedly bore the common characteristics of both man and ape. Deep scientific
arguments began in which some interpreted this tooth to be of Pithecanthropus
erectus while others claimed it was closer to human beings. This fossil,
which aroused extensive debate, was called the "Nebraska Man". It was
also immediately given a "scientific name": Hesperopithecus haroldcooki.
Many authorities gave Osborn their support. Based on this single tooth,
reconstructions of the Nebraska Man's head and body were drawn. Moreover,
the Nebraska Man was even pictured along with his wife and children, as
a whole family in a natural setting.
All of these scenarios were developed from just one tooth. Evolutionist
circles accredited this "ghost man" to such an extent that when a researcher
named William Bryan opposed these biased decisions relying on a single
tooth, he was harshly criticised.
In 1927, other parts of the skeleton were also found.
According to these newly-discovered pieces, the tooth belonged neither
to a man nor to an ape. It was realised that it belonged to an extinct
species of wild American pig called prosthennops. William Gregory entitled
his article published in Science magazine where he announced this fault
as: "Hesperopithecus: Apparently not an ape nor a man".49
Then all the drawings of Hesperopithecus haroldcooki and "his family"
were hurriedly removed from evolutionary literature.These scandals demonstrate
that evolutionist scientists do not hesitate to employ any kind of unscientific
method to prove their theory. Bearing this point in mind, when we look
at the other so-called evidence of the "human evolution" myth, we confront
a similar situation. Here there are a fictional story and an army of volunteers
ready to try everything to verify this story.
45 Malcolm Muggeridge,
The End of Christendom, Grand Rapids, Eerdmans, 1980, p. 59. 46 Stephen Jay Gould, "Smith Woodward's Folly", New Scientist,
February 5, 1979, p. 44.
47 Kenneth Oakley, William Le Gros Clark & J. S, "Piltdown", Meydan Larousse,
Vol 10, p. 133.
48 Stephen Jay Gould, "Smith Woodward's Folly", New Scientist, April 5, 1979,
49 W. K. Gregory, "Hesperopithecus Apparently Not An Ape Nor A Man", Science,
Vol 66, December 1927, p. 579.
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