61-88: Questions and Answers
61 -Are people accountable for what crosses their minds?
Satan may fill people with all sorts of false hopes, whisper to them, or sow suspicious thoughts in their minds. If they are deluded by these whispers, believe in Satan, and comply with his whisperings, they may be responsible for their thoughts.
But if they realize that these whispers come from Satan and so seek refuge with Allah and exhibit good behavior, they immediately abandon such evil thoughts and replace them with good thoughts. As a result, the evil thoughts vanish. How the believers behave when Satan whispers to them is related in the Qur'an, as follows:
As for those who guard against evil, when they are bothered by visitors from Satan, they remember and immediately see clearly. (Surat al-A`raf, 201)
But it should also be noted that if people, despite being aware of the above, allow provoking whispers, doubts, and negative thoughts to cross their minds, they may be held responsible for these. Those who always think evil against the believers and seek to cause dissention among them also may be held responsible for their intentions, for
"Say:'Whether you conceal what is in your breasts or make it known, Allah knows it. He knows what is in the heavens and what is on Earth. Allah has power over all things.' " (Surah Al `Imran, 29)
62 -Is it acceptable to grieve when someone dies?
Allah has predetermined a certain lifetime for each person, and nobody can alter it. Thus, the believers should be pleased with the destiny that Allah has created, submit to this event, and trust Allah. Not doing so implies rebelling against the destiny that Allah has created, something that sincere believers would never do.
Furthermore, deceased believers will meet with Allah's good pleasure and Paradise, and so will live a good life in great blessings that cannot possibly be compared with their lives in this world. Thus, there is no need to be sorry for the deceased believers; rather, we should be happy that they met such an honorable outcome. If the deceased did not use their lives to seek Allah's good pleasure, they will meet Hell in the Hereafter. Yet since this is also due to His will and justice, there is again nothing to be sorry about, for the deceased had knowingly chosen the path of unbelief despite being warned of the consequences of doing so.
In addition, it makes no sense to feel sorrow at one's separation from a loved one, for those who are still alive can strive sincerely for Allah's good pleasure and, as a result, can attain the eternal companionship of their loved ones in the eternal life of Paradise. Therefore, since the believers hope that their deceased fellow believers will enter Paradise, they are not sorry when their companions die. In fact, the Qur'an advises the believers to be happy and to give one another the glad tidings of entering Paradise after death.
63 -Is it proper to feel sorry for those who do not believe in Allah?
Those who are sure of Allah's existence and the Hereafter desire that other people grasp the truth and live by the Qur'an's morals, which is the most suitable way of living for human beings. Knowing that each unbeliever will meet with Hell's infinite punishment, the believers put forth their best efforts to lead the unbelievers to belief. But while each believer is responsible for conveying the message and for calling people to the truth, only Allah can guide people to the truth. Even if the believers convey the message all day and night, express themselves in the most impressive ways and give the most convincing examples, all of these efforts will come to naught if Allah does not guide the people being addressed. If Allah wills, He guides anyone He selects at any time. This is only by His will, and Allah is the best of judges because whatever He determines and decides is the best for humanity. For that reason, those people who refuse to believe despite the best efforts of the believers should not be a cause of sorrow. Knowing that submitting to His will is the right conduct, believers place their trust in Allah.
64 -Who will bear witness to humanity in the Hereafter?
On the Day of Judgment, each person will meet every action that they performed and every thought that crossed their minds when they were in the world. As "… Allah is witness of all things" (Surat al-Hajj, 17) informs us, Allah witnesses everything that each person does in the world. The Qur'an mentions those who will serve as witnesses on that Day and provides some details about them, as follows:
When they reach it, their hearing, sight, and skin will testify against them concerning what they did. (Surat Fussilat, 20)
When all the Messengers are called together at a time appointed [to bear witness for or against those to whom they conveyed Allah's message.] (Surat al-Mursalat, 11)
How will it be when We bring a witness from every nation and bring you as a witness against them? (Surat an-Nisa, 41)
Today We seal up their mouths and their hands speak to us, and their feet bear witness to what they have earned. (Surah Ya Sin, 65)
Earth will shine with the Pure Light of its Lord, the Book will be put in place, and the Prophets and witnesses will be brought. It will be decided between them with the truth, and they will not be wronged. (Surat az-Zumar, 69)
On the Day We raise up a witness from every nation, those who did not believe will not be excused, nor will they be able to appease Allah. (Surat an-Nahl, 84)
On that Day We will raise up among every community a witness against them from among themselves, and bring you as a witness against them... (Surat an-Nahl, 89)
We will certainly help Our Messengers and those who believe both in the life of this world and on the Day the witnesses appear. (Surah Ghafir, 51)
Every self will come together with a driver and a witness. (Surah Qaf, 21)
65- How should one behave toward arrogant people?
One of the believers' most important characteristics is their resolute compliance with good morals and their beliefs, regardless of conditions, people, or environment. For that reason, when they encounter any arrogance in people, they do not fall into the same error as the person committing it; rather, they behave modestly and humbly and try to set an example for that person. Allah states that such behavior pleases Him, and that responding to bad behavior with good will influence that person:
A good action and a bad action are not the same. Repel the bad with something better and, if there is enmity between you and someone else, he will be like a bosom friend. (Surah Fussilat, 34)
66- Do such concepts as impatience and despair have a place in a believer's life?
Allah advises the faithful to be patient in times of difficulty, as follows: "O You who believe. Be steadfast, be supreme in steadfastness, be firm on the battlefield, and heed Allah so that hopefully you will be successful. " (Surah Al `Imran, 200) Allah advises believers to be steadfast when they face hardship. The believers use their intellect, as well as all material and spiritual means, and do their utmost to overcome difficulties.
In addition, knowing that hardships are special conditions that Allah creates to test them and that there is an absolute good hidden behind these events, they trust Allah, for this is essential to their continued steadfastness. The believers' explicit trust that Allah creates every event with absolute wisdom, and that He will remove these difficulties by answering their prayers, prevents them from experiencing despair, hopelessness, and similar negative feelings. In "Say: 'My servants, you who have transgressed against yourselves, do not despair of the mercy of Allah. Truly Allah forgives all wrong actions. He is the Ever-Forgiving, the Most Merciful," (Surat az-Zumar, 53) Allah commands the believers not to despair of His mercy, no matter what happens.
67 -What does "being pleased and satisfied with the life of the world" mean?
This phrase means making plans and living only for this world, thereby neglecting the life of the Hereafter. Such people prefer the life of this world, which lasts only some 60 or 70 years on average, compared to the infinite life of the Hereafter. They forget that life in Paradise is perfect and endless, whereas this world is full of imperfection.
Seeing the life of this world as near and that of the Hereafter as distant, they desire to enjoy this world and so make their biggest mistake: failing to prepare for the Hereafter. However, those who aim at the Hereafter will enjoy both the gifts of the life of this world and the beauties of Paradise. On the other hand, those who are satisfied with the life of this world will benefit only from this world, and will receive their punishment in the Hereafter. The Qur'an relates the reward of such people:
As for those who do not expect to meet Us and are content with the life of this world and at rest in it, and those who are heedless of Our Signs, their shelter will be the Fire because of what they earned. (Surah Yunus, 7-8)
68- If a person's close relative or family member performs the prescribed acts of worship, will he or she benefit from such a connection?
In the verse "Neither your blood relations nor your children will be of any use to you. On the Day of Resurrection He will differentiate between you. Allah sees what you do," (Surat al-Mumtahana, 3) Allah informs people that their close relatives will be of no help on that Day.
Another verse as "… he will come to Us all alone" (Surah Maryam, 80) reminds each person that he or she will be called to account by himself or herself. Given such statements, no one will benefit from the worship of another on the Day of Judgment. Allah gives every person an individual understanding and an individual conscience, and warns each of them in various ways. For that reason, the worship of one's closest relatives or family members will benefit only the person who performs them. If people do not fulfill their religious responsibilities, despite seeing their closest relatives and family members doing so, and thus knowing that these pious ones are on the right path, they will be held responsible by Allah in the Hereafter.
69 -Should those who know the religion inform others, or can they keep it to themselves?
Everyone who learns about the religion is responsible to convey its message to others. In the verse "Let there be a community among you who calls to the good, enjoins the right, and forbids the wrong. They are the ones who have success" (Surah Al `Imran, 104) Allah informs the believers of this duty. Therefore, they must strive to persuade others to live by the religion, as well as live in compliance with the Qur'an's morals and perform acts of worship throughout their lives.
The Qur'an points out performing this task is an important attribute of believers, as follows:
The male and female believers are friends of one another. They command what is right and forbid what is wrong, establish prayer and give alms, and obey Allah and His Messenger. They are the people on whom Allah will have mercy. Allah is Almighty, All-Wise. (Surat at-Tawba, 71)
70- Can one refrain from enjoining the right and forbidding the wrong because of one's environment or the people one knows?
Allah commands people to call one another to good and to forbid wrong. When the believers notice a person exhibiting a behavior that Allah does not like, they should obey His command by calling that person to what is right. They should never hesitate to remind people of what Allah says and to invite them to righteousness, because Allah has told the believers to continue to remind people about His commands: It is a Book sent down to you—so let there be no constriction in your breast because of it—so that you can give warning by it and as a reminder to the believers. (Surat al-A`raf, 2)
71- How are Allah's attributes of Al-Afuw and Al-Ghaffar manifested?
Al-Afuw means "the One Who is all-pardoning"; al-Ghaffar means "the One Who has plenty of mercy and forgiveness." People are prone to error and forgetfulness, and so make countless mistakes and so feel regret countless times while in this world. Yet each time they sincerely repent, they find Allah most merciful and all-forgiving, because He is the most merciful to His servants, and protects and forgives them. Allah informs people of this truth:"Anyone who does evil, or wrongs himself and then asks Allah's forgiveness, will find Allah Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. " (Surat an-Nisa, 110) Another verse relates that Allah may forgive all wrongdoing except associating other deities with Him:
Allah does not forgive anything being associated with Him, but He forgives whomever He wills for anything other than that. Anyone who associates something with Allah has committed a terrible crime. (Surat an-Nisa, 48)
72- How is Allah's attribute of Al-Ghani manifested?
O mankind. You are the poor [and thus] in need of Allah, whereas Allah is the Rich Beyond Need, the Praiseworthy. (Surah Fatir, 15)
As indicated by His attribute of "al-Ghani," Allah is rich and free of all wants and needs. All beings, including human beings, are in need of Allah's existence, blessings, mercy, and forgiveness at every instant. They live only by His will and with His blessings. However, Allah is free of all imperfections and is the only owner of everything. This attribute is described in many verses, some are as follows:
- Allah cannot be withstood in any way, either in the heavens or on Earth. (Surah Fatir, 44).
- He is the One "Who has no partner in His Kingdom and Who needs no one to protect Him out of weakness." (Surat al-Isra, 111).
- He is the One "Who created the heavens and Earth and was not wearied by creating them." (Surat al-Ahqaf, 33)
- "He has not given birth and was not born." (Surat al-Ikhlas, 3)
- "Everything in the heavens and on Earth, and everything in between them and under the ground, belongs to Him." (Surah Ta Ha, 6)
- "It is We Who give life and cause to die, and We are the Inheritor." (Surat al-Hijr, 23)
73- How is Allah's attribute of Al-Fattah manifested?
Allah manifests this attribute by being "... The One Who resolves difficulties...." (Surat al-Baqara, 185) The verse "… Allah desires ease for you; He does not desire difficulty for you…" (Surat al-Baqara, 185) points out this attribute by stating that He will make things easy for His servants who seek refuge with Him, will help and support them by sending His serenity and peace down upon them, and will increase their resolution so that their stance will remain firm. He informs people that He will not impose upon them any more than they can stand, and promises to support them with His help if they show steadfastness for Him despite the difficulties that they face. In addition, He states that ""For truly with hardship comes ease"" (Surat al-Inshirah, 5) to let people know that He will deliver ease after difficulties.
74- How is Allah's attribute of ash-Shafi`i manifested?
Ash-Shafi`i means "the One Who heals." Just as Allah creates the illness, only He can remove it and heal the person. Allah has created many medical treatments and medicines; however, these are effective only if Allah wills them to be effective. No doctor or treatment can heal a person on its own. Prophet Ibrahim's (as) words, as narrated in the Qur'an, express this fact: "and when I am ill, He heals me." (Surat ash-Shu`ara, 80)
75 -How is Allah's attribute of al-Mundhir manifested?
Al-Mundhir means "the One Who warns." Allah informs humanity of what is right and wrong through the books of truth that He sends down, and warns of the punishment of Hell in the Hereafter. The Qur'an was revealed for the following reason: "This is a communication to be transmitted to mankind so that they may be warned by it, so that they will know that He is One God, and so that people of intelligence will pay heed." (Surah Ibrahim, 52) Allah sent a Messenger to every nation throughout history for the same reason. The Qur'an relates that the Prophets show people the right path, warn them against Allah's punishment, and give them the glad tidings of Paradise:
Messengers bringing good news and giving warning, so that people will have no argument against Allah after the coming of the Messengers. Allah is Almighty, All-Wise. (Surat an-Nisa, 165)
76- What are the characteristics that earn Allah's good pleasure?
Prophet Shu`ayb's (as) words, "Ask your Lord for forgiveness and then repent to Him. My Lord is Most Merciful, Most Loving," (Surah Hud, 90) informs us that he reminds his people of Allah's love. Anyone who believes in Allah, stands in awe of Him, meticulously fulfills the Qur'an's commands, and strives for the Hereafter with all due respect may expect to earn His love and good pleasure. Some of the verses that inform us of whom Allah loves are as follows:
... And do good: Allah loves good-doers. (Surat al-Baqara, 195)
... And be even-handed. Allah loves those who are even-handed. (Surat al-Hujurat,9)
No, the truth is if people honor their contracts and are in awe of Him, Allah loves those who guard against evil. (Surah Al `Imran, 76)
... Allah loves the steadfast. (Surah Al `Imran, 146)
... Allah loves those who put their trust in Him. (Surah Al `Imran, 159)
... Allah loves those who purify themselves. (Surat at-Tawba, 108)
... Allah loves the righteous. (Surat at-Tawba, 7)
Allah loves those who fight in His Way in ranks like well-built walls. (Surat as-Saff, 4)
77- What characteristics displease Allah?
Some of the verses related to this subject are as follows:
Allah obliterates usury (riba) but makes alms grow in value! Allah does not love any persistently ungrateful wrongdoer. (Surat al-Baqara, 276)
As for those who believe and do right actions, We will pay them their wages in full. Allah does not love wrongdoers.(Surah Al `Imran, 57)
The repayment of a bad action is one equivalent to it. But if someone pardons and puts things right, his reward is with Allah. Certainly He does not love wrongdoers. (Surat ash-Shura, 40)
Worship Allah and do not associate anything with Him. Be good to your parents and relatives, to orphans and the very poor, to neighbors who are related to you and neighbors who are not related to you, to companions and travellers, and to your slaves. Allah does not love anyone vain or boastful. (Surat an-Nisa, 36)
Do not avert your face from people out of haughtiness, and do not strut about arrogantly on the land. Allah does not love anyone who is vain or boastful. (Surah Luqman, 18)
Do not argue on behalf of those who betray themselves. Allah does not love any evildoing traitors. (Surat an-Nisa, 107)
…Allah does not love those who go beyond the limits. (Surat al-Baqara, 190)
…They rush about the land, corrupting it. Allah does not love corrupters. (Surat al-Ma'ida, 64)
Whenever he holds the upperhand, he goes about the land corrupting it, destroying crops and animals. Allah does not love corruption. (Surat al-Baqara, 205)
…Eat of their fruits when they bear fruit, pay their due on the day of their harvest, and do not be profligate. He does not love the profligate. (Surat al-An`am, 141)
O Children of Adam. Wear fine clothing in every mosque and eat and drink, but do not be profligate. He does not love the profligate. (Surat al-A`raf, 31)
Call on your Lord humbly and secretly. He does not love those who overstep the limits. (Surat al-A`raf, 55)
…Allah does not love treacherous people. (Surat al-Anfal, 58)
There is no doubt that Allah knows what they keep secret and what they make public. He does not love people puffed up with pride. (Surat an-Nahl, 23)
Allah will defend those who have faith. Allah does not love any thankless traitor. (Surat al-Hajj, 38)
… When his people said to him: 'Do not gloat. Allah does not love people who gloat." (Surat al-Qasas, 76)
78- What is the evolutionist answer to the questions of how a creature innately possesses the characteristics of its own species and how its conscious, planned, and intelligent behaviors emerged?
The evolutionists have no clear or absolute answer to such questions. However, they argue that animals exhibit these behaviors instinctively. Evolutionary scientists use "instinct" to define some innate behaviors of animals. Questions as to how this instinct is gained, how it emerged, and how it is inherited from one generation to another, however, remain unanswered. The evolutionary geneticist Gordon R. Taylor, explains this dilemma in his book, The Great Evolution Mystery, as follows:
If in fact behaviour is heritable, what are the units of behaviour which are passed on—for presumably there are units? No one has suggested an answer. (London:Sphere Books, 1983, s. 222)
79- How do the evolutionists define "instinct"?
The evolutionists define instinct as any behavior encoded in a living being's genes. For example, migratory animals find the direction for their journey, even if it is the first time that they have undertaken it, by using their instinct. This same instinct enables birds, freshwater eels, or turtles to complete their journey of thousands of kilometers. In other words, all of the necessary information is encoded in their genes. However, who is responsible for this encoding? Given that every encoding has an encoder, who is the encoder of the instincts of living beings? The evolutionists' answer to such questions is nothing more than a mere delusion. They claim that all living organisms on Earth gained their existing features because of "Mother Nature." But of what is "Mother Nature" composed: stones, soil, grass, trees, flowers, and so on. Can a tree teach a bee how to build a honeycomb, what angle to make the hive's hexagons, or teach a bird to build a nest? Nothing in nature can make another living thing perform any act that requires intelligence and consciousness. Such a claim is entirely irrational and nonscientific. The existence of a Possessor of Intelligence, One Who makes all beings perform their acts and gives them their features, is a crystal-clear fact. The possessor of this infinite intelligence is Allah, the Lord of all the worlds.
All behaviors that the evolutionists define as "instinct" or characterize as "encoding" occur only by Allah's inspiration.
80- How do the evolutionists explain altruism, cooperation, and affection between living things, for we see many examples of such behavior in nature?
They do not provide any consistent explanations to such questions. Let's go into more detail with some examples: A male horned screamer builds an incredibly well-sheltered nest and then places the female in it, carries food to her, and looks after both the female and the eggs until the young hatch and mature. He never neglects to take care of them. A penguin does not leave her egg during the freezing polar winter; rather, she incubates it during all this time without eating anything. Many fish species painstakingly build nests for eggs and larvae. For example, male sticklebacks gather bits of vegetation, spout a sticky liquid that is secreted by glands near their kidneys, and use it to glue these plant pieces together to build a nest. Then swimming around it, they shape the nest. They ensure that the females lay their eggs in the tunnel that they construct in the nest, and undertake the total care of the eggs. The male's duties include repairing the nest, waving the water in order to provide the eggs with oxygen, keeping watch, and protecting the eggs.
Many similar examples are observed in nature. Explaining the emergence of these behaviors in terms of evolutionary mechanisms is impossible. Therefore, evolutionists cannot answer the question of how such features emerged. Dr. Cemal Yildirim, an evolutionist professor, acknowledges that such behaviors as a mother's love for her offspring cannot be explained by evolutionary mechanisms. He states:
How could the love of the mother to her young be explained by a "blind" mechanism (that is natural selection) which does not include any psychological element? One can hardly say that biologists (and Darwinists) provide satisfactory answers to such questions. (Cemal Yildirim, Evrim Kurami ve Bagnazlik (The Evolution Theory and Bigotry), Istanbul:Bilgi Publications, 1989, p. 185)
81- Why are such behaviors as altruism among living things a significant, unsolved problem to the theory of evolution?
Altruism and other cooperative behaviors of living beings clearly reveal that the theory of evolution is invalid. The actual reason for this is natural selection, the mechanism upon which Darwin based this theory. According to this mechanism, those living things that are better adapted to their habitat will survive, whereas those that are unfit and weak will be eliminated. Thus there is no room for cooperation, only competition between organisms. However, we see that nature is not an environment in which only the strong survives and where a merciless struggle for existence continues.
All living beings hunt in order to survive, and fight to protect themselves. Apart from this, however, many organisms also practice unselfish concern to protect their offspring or risk their own lives for the safety of the larger population. Nature provides us with many examples of different species defending the interests of each other.
Since the theory of evolution argues that nature is merely a battleground, it cannot explain such altruistic behaviors. For example, the evolutionists cannot explain why the watcher bird in a flock, who cries out when a predator approaches, risks its own life, or why another bird species attracts the enemy toward itself by faking an injury in order to divert it from its own offspring. Such behavior invalidates the theory of evolution and provides evidence for Allah's creation of living things.
82- Why is natural selection invalid?
Natural selection is a process resulting in the selection of an advantageous change (either structural or behavioral) from others and being permanent in this being and thus being transferred to subsequent generations. This claim makes several very important points that need to be analyzed further. First of all, this thesis attempts to present nature as a power that is conscious, able to distinguish advantageous and disadvantageous behaviors, and make decisions.
However, neither nature nor any being in nature have the power to make such a decision, for such a selection can be made only by the intelligence who designed all of those beings and, as we have shown earlier, all beings are under Allah's control.
According to the natural selection mechanism, the acquired traits need to be inherited by subsequent generations. There is one point, however, that should not be overlooked: Even if living beings learn something by experience, they cannot pass it on to subsequent generations. For example, consider the case of worker ants, who are responsible for carrying out all tasks in the colony. One of their characteristics is that they are sterile. In other words, they cannot possibly pass their qualities on to subsequent generations. Briefly, it is simply impossible for organisms to acquire increasingly advanced traits and to pass them on to subsequent generations.
83- Every living thing innately exhibits species-specific behaviors. Can these be explained by chance?
No, and just one example is enough to disprove this assertion. Consider a newborn silkworm, a member of the species that can lay the most eggs at one time. Silkworms, which can lay about 450-500 eggs at one time, bind their eggs together with a special thread, which they secrete, in order to protect their eggs and to prevent them from scattering. Caterpillars hatched from eggs initially attach themselves to a twig using the same thread. Soon after, they begin to spin their cocoons from another silky fiber exuded from their body. A single caterpillar secretes a silk thread that is, on average, about 900 to 1,500 meters long. Innumerable caterpillars are born every day and act in the same way. It is extremely irrational to claim that each caterpillar learned such difficult and complex procedures by chance and taught these to subsequent generations. Allah gives different characteristics to every creature, and these are identical in every new generation and do not change or advance. A caterpillar is always a caterpillar, and always spins the identical cocoon. This is the art of Allah, Who has power over all things.
84- Living things are not altruistic only toward their own offspring. In fact, they care for and look after the offspring of other members of the same species just as they do for their own offspring. How do the evolutionists explain this fact?
This fact completely invalidates the "struggle in nature" claims of the evolutionists, who assert that living things care only for their own offspring in order to transfer their genes to the subsequent generation. This is why the theory of evolution cannot explain why living things help other members of the same species as well as their own offspring. We see many examples of this in nature. Musk oxen herds protect their young members from predators. When in danger, a herd closes ranks and the musk oxen guard the perimeter of the group, facing outward, and move the young to the center. Likewise, dolphins travel in schools and protect one another from danger. When a dolphin gives birth, other dolphins accompany the mother dolphin to help her. African wild dogs live in packs. Both males and females take care of the young. After killing the prey, adults form a circle around the young and let them feed first.
Similar "unselfish" behaviors of other animals, such as bees and ants in colonies, invalidate Darwin's thesis that the strong survive, whereas the weak will disappear.
85- Many living things in nature successfully perform quite complex tasks, which no one would ever expect from them. How do the evolutionists explain this evidence of special design?
They remain silent in the face of such sophisticated mechanisms. One evident sign of a special design that invalidates their theory is the so-called bombardier beetle, which defends itself by squirting a special boiling chemical substance through a hole in its hind section toward its enemy. But how does this chemical weapon work?
The findings of scientists studying this animal are exceptionally amazing. The bombardier beetle prepares a concentrated mixture of two chemical substances (hydrogen peroxide and hydroquinone) in its secretory lobes. The mixture combines in the storage chamber, which is connected to a second chamber: the explosion chamber. These two chambers are separated from one another in a system similar to the valvular muscular system of human heart. When the beetle senses danger, it contracts the muscles in the storage chamber and simultaneously relaxes the connection muscles separating this chamber from the explosion chamber. This causes the valve in between to open, which allows the secreted chemical mixture to enter the explosion chamber and mix with the catalyst enzymes that will trigger the explosion. At that very moment, the valve of the explosion chamber shuts off. Hydrogen peroxide decomposes into water and oxygen and, interacting with hydroquinone, the oxygen produces more water and quinone, an irritating chemical. This interaction engenders a blistering heat and, when the chemical substance reaches the boiling point, the mixture is squirted with pressure through a special channel in the beetle's hind section. Thus the beetle scalds its enemy with quinone, a poisonous chemical substance.
This chain reaction, which takes place within the beetle's body, occurs in the blink of an eye. It has to operate perfectly, for any fault in the system would cause the beetle to die, either by its enemy or by exploding. Briefly, in order for this defense system to operate, all parts of the system must exist simultaneously and be complete. To put it in another way, it must have been created.
86- Is a living thing's ability to treat its own diseases, as the evolutionists argue, a trait developed by chance?
Let's consider the following example. When a bezoar goat is bitten by a snake, it eats a plant of the genus euphorbia, such as spurge, and thus counteracts the snake venom thanks to the euphorbone in the plant's sap. Interestingly, the animal does not even taste spurges during its usual daily grazing. This implies that these bezoar goats know the spurge's chemical structure and that it will heal them if they are bitten by a snake. How did the goat acquire this knowledge?
Of course, a goat cannot eat all available herbage when bitten by a snake, hoping to find, by trial and error, which plant will cure it. So how does it know which plant will counteract the snake's venom and how to treat itself? Who teaches it this knowledge? There is only one answer to these questions. These goats act by the inspiration of Allah, as do all other beings in the world. Allah is the One Who reveals how they should behave.
87-The evolutionists argue that a primitive bacterium cell started photosynthesis as a result of natural conditions and evolved into plants over time. Is such an assertion even possible, or could such a complex process have come about by chance?
The evolutionists argue that primitive bacteria started photosynthesis due to food requirements. However, this argument is simply impossible, for although all living things can go without food for various amounts of time, the inevitable end of a living being that cannot find food is death. The evolutionists' claims, when joined with this fact, give rise to an interesting question: How could an organism deprived of food survive for millions of years? Moreover, they claim that as a result of this starvation, bacteria transformed themselves into much more advanced beings and started photosynthesis, a process that is still not fully understood even today and has never been successfully imitated.
Plants could not possibly have evolved from bacteria, for bacterium cells and plant cells are quite different from each other. One merely has to examine the DNA structures to see how different they are. For example, a DNA molecule in a plant cell is packed with a double layered membrane, whereas that of bacterium cell is free within the cell. There are few proteins in the DNA of a bacterium cell, whereas the DNA of a plant cell is attached to proteins from one end to the other. A DNA molecule in a bacterium cell has the information of a single cell, whereas the DNA in a plant cell has the information of the whole plant.
Bacteria have no organelles, while a plant cell has many organelles, each of which possesses quite complex structures. The evolutionists are aware of this fact, and Professor Ali Demirsoy, a well-known evolutionist scientist, acknowledges it quite frankly, as follows:
Complex cells have never come into existence by means of developing from primitive cells in the evolutionary process. (Ali Demirsoy, Kalitim ve Evrim (Inheritance and Evolution), Ankara: Meteksan Publishing Co., 1984, p. 79)
88-Evolutionists claim that water moss evolved into land plants. Is this claim true?
This claim, like all others, is baseless. They claim that the sea's tides caused water moss to hang on the shores, where they were transformed, over time, into land plants and then moved over the land. How close is this imaginary assumption to reality?
To begin with, numerous factors make it impossible for water moss to survive on land, even if we were to suppose their transition from water to land to be true. Let's briefly review the most significant factors:
1-Risk of Withering: For a sea-dwelling plant to survive on land, its surface needs to be protected against excessive water loss or else it will wither. To avoid withering, land-dwelling plants are equipped with special systems that are very complex. It is simply impossible to state that such a precise system came into being by chance. A plant cannot wait for millions of years for this system to develop itself, because its absence causes the plant to wither, decay, and die. Moreover, these very special systems are too complex to have been developed by chance, no matter how many millions or billions of years have passed.
2-Nourishment: Sea plants take the water and minerals they need directly from the surrounding water. Therefore, water moss will experience problems when looking for nourishment when it tries to live on land. It cannot survive if this problem is not solved quickly.
3-Üreme: Reproduction: Water moss cannot reproduce during its brief lifetime on land, because just as it does for all other tasks, it uses water to distribute its reproductive cells.
4- Avoiding oxygen's destructive effect: Water moss used to take in oxygen dissolved in water. Yet according to the evolutionists' claim, once it began to live on land, it should have developed an entirely new way of taking in oxygen: directly from the air. Scientists have shown that under normal conditions, oxygen in the air has a destructive effect upon organic substances. Land-dwelling creatures have systems that were designed specifically to protect them from this effect, whereas water moss, which dwells under water, does not have the necessary enzymes to protect itself from oxygen's negative effects. Given this fact, how could it protect itself while on land? Needless to say, it cannot wait for this system to develop over great stretches of time. Without it, it will soon wither, decay, and die.
As seen, water moss cannot possibly make the transition from water to land and then live on land. In order to live on land like a land-dwelling plant, it has to acquire many mechanisms instantaneously. One can easily conclude that a sea-dwelling plant cannot evolve into a land-dwelling plant, no matter how many years pass or what the conditions are.
To sum up, the theory of evolution, which asserts that life came into being as a result of countless coincidences, is nothing but an unreasoning superstition. The fact is that Allah created all living beings.