Part 2 Characteristics of Hazrat Mahdi (as) in the Hadiths (18/20)
Other Characteristics of Hazrat Mahdi (as)
The Significance of the Year 1956 in Terms of the End Times
In his Risale-i Nur Collection, the Hijri 13th century mujaddid (reviver) Bediuzzaman Said Nursi has placed particular emphasis on the year 1956. A look at the events that took place in 1956 shows how very suprising it is that Said Nursi especially points out this year.
In his "Ma'ida al-Qur'an wa'l Khazanah al-Burhan" written in 1950, the student of the Risale-i Nur, Ahmed Feyzi Kul calculated the abjad values of a number of verses. This work was adopted by Bediuzzaman Said Nursi and added to the end of his "Tılsımlar Magazine." The verse in this work giving an abjad value of 1956 AD is verse 68 of Surah Ta Ha.
>"We said, 'Have no fear, surely you will have the upper hand'…" (Surah Ta Ha, 68)
The abjad value of the word "surely you" in this verse is 1956 AD.
1956 is a highly significant date. Bediuzzaman Said Nursi and Ahmed Feyzi Kul both emphasize its importance. Bediuzzaman Said Nursi interpreted another verse with an abjad value of 1956 in his Emirdag Addendum:
"The hypocrites are in the lowest level of the Fire. You will not find any one to help them," (Surat an-Nisa', 145)
... If the shadda (gemination mark) is taken as two nun letters, and if silent signs and (ye) are counted, it makes (Hijri) 1376 (1956-1957 AD), this cruel dissension (this hypocritical system based on irreligiousness and oppression) will be reaching the silence degree (will be silenced)... (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Emirdag Addendum, Letter No. 15)
With the words, "this cruel dissension will be reaching the silence degree," Bediuzzaman is telling us that 1956 IS THE BEGINNING of the collapse of the cruel system of denial, of hypocrisy, of the Darwinist-materialist system. And indeed, great progress was observed in the Islamic world after 1956. Another verse of the Qur'an giving an abjad value of the year 1956 is verse 81 of Surah Al 'Imran.
"Remember when Allah made a covenant with the prophets: "Now that We have given you a share of the Book and Wisdom, and then a messenger comes to you confirming what is with you, you must believe in him and help him." He asked, "Do you agree and undertake my commission on that condition?" They replied, "We agree." He said, "Bear witness, then. I am with you as one of the witnesses." (Surah Al 'Imran, 81)
The words "... then a messenger comes to you confirming what is with you," give a numerological calculation of "the year 1956." In fact, the ban on the Risale-i Nur Collection was lifted on that date. 1956 was a very significant year for the Risale-i Nur. Up until that date, it was forbidden to possess, read or distribute the Risale-i Nur, and 1,500 legal proceedings had been initiated concerning it. In 1956, however, with the conclusion of a court case that had lasted for 8 years in Afyon, this great legal struggle came to an end, and the court ruled that the Risale was a work of faith with nothing criminal about it. In 1956 the Ministry of Religious Affairs, Board of Inspectors examined the whole of the Risale-i Nur Collection one by one, and issued a report with regard to each single Risale, saying that each was a positive and useful Qur'anic exposition, and the Afyon Court ruled in favor of acquittal for the Risale-i Nur, and it was thus made legal to publish it.
The significance of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi's emphasis on THE YEAR 1956 in the Risale is apparent when we look at the great and minor events taking place in that year in Turkey and abroad.
Various Great Events Took Place In The Year 1956:
Hazrat Mahdi (as) will Not Know Arabic
Muhyiddin ibn Arabi, in his book called "al-Jawab al-Mustaqim" (The Straightforward Answer) has written to answer the questions asked by Tirmidhi in his book of "Khatm al-Awliya" (Seal of the Saints):
He [Hazrat Mahdi (as)] does not speak Arabic very well, but he is no different to him in moral terms. He will be of medium height. The age of property will come to an end with him, and sovereignty will end with him. He [Hazrat Mahdi (as)] will have a helper called "alive". His essence is spiritual, his appearance is humane. (Muhyiddin IbnArabi, al-Jawab al-Mustaqim amma Seele anhu al-Hakim al-Tirmidhi, Bayazid, no: 3750, leaf 242b)
Hazrat Mahdi (as) will Spiritually Conquer Rome, There will be A Great Earthquake in Vatican
"...Hazrat Mahdi (as) and his followers will...capture Rome with tasbih (praising of Allah) and takbir (declaration of the greatness of Allah)...The walls of that city [THE VATICAN] will collapse... [by an earthquake]..." (Al-Barzanji, Al-Isha'ah li-ashrat al-sa'ah, p. 204)
The walls of the Vatican were damaged as a result of an earthquake in Italy. Many buildings in Rome collapsed.
A Group From the East will Prepare the Way for the Coming of Hazrat Mahdi (As)
Some people will come from the East and prepare the sultanate of Hazrat Mahdi (as). (Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi `Alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntadhar , p. 21)
A community will come from the East and assist the sultanate of Hazrat Mahdi (as). (Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir az-Zaman, p. 60)
... They will come down to Jerusalem and prepare the sultanate for Hazrat Mahdi (as). (Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi `Alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntadhar, p. 47)
Earthquakes will Stop By Virtue of Allah's Love for Hazrat Mahdi (As)
I WILL STOP EARTHQUAKES FOR HIS [(HAZRAT MAHDI'S (AS)] SAKE. (Sheikh Muhammad ibn Ibrahim Numani, al-Ghaybah al-Numani, p. 70)
The Companions of the Cave will be Hazrat Mahdi's (as) Followers
The Companions of the Cave (Ashab al-Kahf) will be Hazrat Mahdi's (as) followers. (Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir az-Zaman, p. 59)
Different Opinions Concerning Hazrat Mahdi (as) will be Put Forward But These Opinions will Then be United
Hadith refers to the rising of different opinions about Hazrat Mahdi (as). Many different opinions concerning Hazrat Mahdi (as) will gradually coincide in a single true opinion. Hadith accounts for the establishment of the rights of Muslims, who are brothers, with an uphill struggle, by means of Hazrat Mahdi (as). It is understood by this expression that Muslims would be living in an environment of oppression in this period. By Allah's inducement of Hazrat Mahdi (as), there will be an environment of justice, compassion and security in the world. This expression tells us that before Hazrat Mahdi's (as) cause, injustice and lovelessness will rule the world. Allah's consent and gladness will rise by means of Hazrat Mahdi (as). Religion of Islam will turn to its roots and Islamic moral values will prevail.
The owner of the time Al-Mahdi [Hazrat Mahdi (as)], whom different views shall combine to follow, and shall join between various minds, through him the rights of your intimate friends shall be extracted, through him you shall retaliate the evils of your enemies and fill the earth with good and justice, through him Allah shall expand His servant's favor and gratefulness. The fact will be returned to its place with honor and prais and the religion shall be reestablished through his hand. (Selected Supplications from al-Sahifah al-Mahdiyah, Sayyid Murtadha Mujtahidi Sistani, Nashr Almas Publications, p. 343)
Some Important Events to Take Place During the Time of Hazrat Mahdi (As)
I said to him, when will he [Hazrat Mahdi (as)] come out? He said: when you see armies from the city of Anbar in Iraq at the banks of Euphrates, Shiraz and Tigris, and the tower of Kufah is destroyed, and burning of some houses in Kufah, when you see all this, Allah will act according to His wish, no one can subdue the commandment of Allah and no one can review His judgment. (Falahi Sa'il: 199; and in Al-Misbaah: 51 and Al-Baladul Ameen: 35 with slit difference)
In the hadith it is referred to the portents of Hazrat Mahdi (as)'s appearance. During the occupation of Iraq, which is one of the events in the End Times, the rule of American army in the city Anbar in Iraq has taken place widely in newspapers and television. The rise of terror near the banks of Euphrates and Tigris also took place in this period. Shiraz, which is mentioned in the hadith is the name of a city in Iran as well as the previous name for the city Tahran. The greatest conflicts in Iran took place in Tahran when Reza Shah Pehlevi was abdicated by a coup. In the hadith it is also referred to the conflicts in the city of Kufah in Iraq. Infights between the American rule and local resister groups have taken place frequently in the media. Our Prophet (saas) mentioned the important events to take place in the End Times, 1400 years beforehand. No one is able to hinder the events in the destiny, created by Allah, Allah will fullfill His order.
Hazrat Mahdi (as) will Make Use of the Risale-i Nur in His Work
It appears from this truth that; THIS BLESSED PERSON WHO WILL COME LATER WILL DISSEMINATE AND IMPLEMENT THE RISALE-I NUR AS A PROGRAM … (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, The Ratifying Stamp of the Unseen, p. 9)
In this extract, Bediuzzaman is once again expressing the glad tidings of the coming of Hazrat Mahdi (as) and saying that he will make use of the works of Bediuzzaman who describes himself as "a forerunner preparing the way for Hazrat Mahdi (as)."
Bediuzzaman also uses the term "WILL COME" here, which he repeats in a great many passages referring to Hazrat Mahdi (as). Bediuzzaman says in these passages that Hazrat Mahdi (as) had not come in the time of earlier mujaddids (revivers) or in Bediuzzaman's own day; he says that this holy individual will come "AFTER" them all. In addition, Bediuzzaman uses a very explicit language here, not only with a verb in the future tense, but reinforcing that with the word "AFTER."
Bediuzzaman also specifies the word "PERSON" and sets out "WHAT KIND OF PERSON" Hazrat Mahdi (as) is. Bediuzzaman says Hazrat Mahdi (as) is a "BLESSED PERSON." The word "BLESSED" means "possessed of Divine goodness." With the title "blessed" he employs here, Bediuzzaman is praising Hazrat Mahdi's (as) faith and the tasks he will perform. With all these details he provides, Bediuzzaman describes Hazrat Mahdi's (as) moral virtues and struggle and describes how this individual with such superior virtues can be recognized.
In his works, Bediuzzaman describes himself as "a forerunner of Hazrat Mahdi (as)" and "a pioneering soldier preparing the background for him," since he was the mujaddid (reviver) of the century preceeding Hazrat Mahdi (as). In another extract he says that "the seeds he sows will be developed by Hazrat Mahdi (as) and will be made to flourish by means of this holy individual." This means that he will be doing "preparatory work" prior to the coming of Hazrat Mahdi (as). In this passage, Bediuzzaman says that the Risale-i Nur Collection will be a preparatory work that Hazrat Mahdi (as) will use in preaching the word. Bediuzzaman says that Hazrat Mahdi (as) will find the Risale all ready for him when he comes and that he will be enlightened by it in his work of saving the faith. By these words, Bediuzzaman makes it absolutely clear that he is not Hazrat Mahdi (as), and that "HAZRAT MAHDI (AS) IS AN INDIVIDUAL WHO WILL COME AT A TIME AFTER HIS OWN."
Hazrat Mahdi (as) will Expound Hadiths of Our Prophet (Saas) About the End Times in the Truest Manner
Abu Bashir says: I heard Imam Muhammad Baqr say: "... He said: When Hazrat Mahdi (as) appears he will follow in the path of the Messenger of Allah (saas). ONLY HE [HAZRAT MAHDI (AS)] WILL EXPLAIN THE WORKS OF THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH..." (Sheikh Muhammad ibn Ibrahim Numani, al-Ghaybah al-Numani, p. 191)
This hadith particularly refers to the End Times. Since it is Hazrat Mahdi (as) who will personally know the truth of these hadiths it is he who will most accurately elucidate the hadiths of our Prophet (saas) concerning the End Times.
There will be A Crooked Old Man Between Our Prophet (saas) and Hazrat Mahdi (as)
Amr ibn al-'as related that: "Our prophet (saas) uttered so that: "I AM THE FIRST OF THIS COMMUNITY. HAZRAT MAHDI (AS) IS IN THE MIDDLE OF THIS COMMUNITY. THE PROPHET JESUS (AS) IS THE LAST. AND THERE IS A CROOKED OLD MAN BETWEEN US." (Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 51, Kitab al-Ghaybah, Allama Muhammad Baqir al-Majlisi, p.132)
In this hadith our Prophet (saas) referred to Darwin who is the mastermind behind the Darwinism, which set the foundations for the irreligious systems that cast the world into blood, atrocity and sorrow. As it is known, it is prophezied as the signs of the End Times in our Prophet's (saas) hadiths that, before the emergence of Hazrat Mahdi (as), the world would be in harj [utter confusion and disorder] where great wars, holocausts and devastations would be witnessed, egoism, lovelessness, disbelief would reign, an epoch would be lived when people grow apart completely. Darwin and Darwinism, which arose from his ideas, have had a huge effect upon this atmosphere to take shape. But with the emergence of Hazrat Mahdi (as) all the irreligious ideologies like Darwinism, materialism, communism and fascism will collapse and the Prophet Jesus (as) will descend. Epochs of Hazrat Mahdi (as) and the Prophet Jesus (as) will be so that, people will live in peace and properity and flood into the religion of Allah and Islamic moral values will reign; effects of the Darwinism will vanish away. This Golden Age, as stated by Master Said Nursi, will last till Hijri 1506. (Allah knows the truth.)
References in the Hadiths to the Years 1997 and 1999
In one of the hadiths speaking of the portents of the coming of Hazrat Mahdi (as) the years 1997 and 1999 are indicated:
People will prosper until the ninety-fifth year, that is, their business will prosper. In the ninety-seventh and the ninety-ninth year, their possessions will go to waste... (Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi `Alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntadhar, p. 54)
The term "the ninety-fifth year" in the hadith in all probability refers to the year 1995. Until 1995, people led relatively easy lives, and conditions were not that hard. But after that, various difficulties began arising. Various political problems arose in 1997. The earthquakes in the Marmara region and across Turkey in 1999 led to the worst loss of life and property of recent years.
Hazrat Mahdi's (as) Food, Car and Clothes
Hazrat Mahdi (as) will Eat Plain Food
He [Hazrat Mahdi (as)] WILL EAT PLAIN FOOD, like Ali, the Commander of the Faithful... (Bihar al-Anwar, V.52, p. 279)
Imam Sadik said: "... By Allah, HAZRAT MAHDI'S (AS) FOOD HAS NOTHING ADDED TO IT." (Bihar al-Anwar, Vol. 52, p. 354)
Hazrat Mahdi's (as) Clothes and Skin will be Bright
Imam Ali (ra) says: The Messenger of Allah (saas) told me: "HE [HAZRAT MAHDI (AS)] WILL WEAR RADIANT CLOTHING..." (Bihar Al-Anwar, Vol. 36, p. 337; Vol. 51, p. 108)
Hasan bin Mahbub-i Zerrâd says: Imam Riza (ra) told me: ... HE [HAZRAT MAHDI (AS)] WILL WEAR RADIANT CLOTHING. (Sheikh Muhammad ibn Ibrahim Numani, al-Ghaybah al-Numani, p. 207)
The words "he will wear radiant clothing" indicate that Hazrat Mahdi's (as) clothing will be very bright. 'Radiance' indicates 'a source of light' or 'a reflection of light.'
In the Qur'an it is also indicated in the 16th verse of Surah Nuh that the Sun is a source of light and that the Moon reflects that light; 'and placed the Moon as a light in them and made the Sun a blazing lamp?'
Like Our Prophet (saas) Hazrat Mahdi (as) will Wear White, Bright and Very Clean Clothes
Aban ibn Taglib says: I heard Imam Jaffar Sadik say, "It is as if I can see the Qaim [Hazrat Mahdi (as)], he will gird the white armor of the Messenger of Allah (saas) behind najaf, and after girding that armor, his body will expand, just like the body of the Messenger of Allah (saas). Clothing made from the silks of paradise will cover his armor ... (Imam Mahdi, Ali Irfan, Velayet Press, p. 94)
Imam Jaffar Sadik, one of the grandsons of Hazrat Ali (ra), reveals in a hadith handed down from our Prophet (saas) regarding Hazrat Mahdi (as), who will appear in the End Times, that like the Prophet (saas) he will wear, white, clean and bright clothing. The reference to the silk of Paradise means it will look clean and bright. The reason for the use of the reference to the silks of Paradise is to emphasize the radiance and cleanliness of Hazrat Mahdi (as). Otherwise, the silk of Paradise is a fabric unique to Paradise alone. In addition, this hadith indicates that the body of Hazrat Mahdi (as) will be broad and majestic, like that of our Prophet (saas).
The Features of Hazrat Mahdi's (as) Car
Hazrat Mahdi (as) is moderate of virtue and excellent of creation... HIS STEED WILL SHINE LIKE A FULL MOON IN THE DARK. HE [HAZRAT MAHDI (AS)] WILL GO AT THE HEAD OF THE MOST AUSPICIOUS COMMUNITY. They are enfolded by Allah's religion; they will seek to approach Allah with him... (Sheikh Muhammad ibn Ibrahim Numani, al-Ghaybah al-Numani, p. 171)
In the hadith it is suggested that "cars" will be one of the technical vehicles available in the time of Hazrat Mahdi (as), and that these will have headlights and interior lighting. It appears from the information provided in the hadith that the headlights of Hazrat Mahdi's (as) car will also shine brightly.
In addition, the fact that it is emphasized in the hadith that Hazrat Mahdi's (as) steed will shine "like fullmoon" is an astonishing detail. The term indicates a large, oval and entirely illuminated source of light in Hazrat Mahdi's (as) car, a detailed description of its headlights.
The words "He will go at the head of the most auspicious community" indicate that Hazrat Mahdi (as)'s car will be at the head of a convoy consisting of his own students.
Alternatively, the term "he will go at the head" may refer to Hazrat Mahdi (as) being seated at the front of this vehicle.
Aban ibn Taglib says: I heard Imam Jaffar Sadik say: "It is as if I see the Qaim [Hazrat Mahdi (as)] at Najaf in Qufa ... HE [HAZRAT MAHDI (AS)] WILL THEN MOUNT ON A BLACK AND WHITE STEED WITH THE SPACE BETWEEN HIS EYES SHINING LIKE A LIGHT..." (Sheikh Muhammad ibn Ibrahim Numani, al-Ghaybah al-Numani, Part 19, Hadith no: 4; http://www.al-shia.org/html/tur/books/book1/027.htm#link28)
This hadith indicates two headlights on the two sides of the car and that Hazrat Mahdi (as) will use black and light-colored cars.