Examples of Living Fossils
iving fossil is the nickname given to organisms whose traces appear
in the fossil layers from early geological periods, of which living specimens
are still found today. These living things exhibit no differences from
their counterparts from millions of years ago, and represent living examples
of those long-dead fossil forms.
Without doubt, the most important of these is the forementioned Cœlacanth.
For many years, evolutionists portrayed it as the most significant supposed
intermediate form, on which they wasted a great deal of speculation until
the first surprise appeared in 1938.
The Cœlacanth: An Example of a False Intermediate Form
The evolutionist paleontologist J. L. B. Smith and the living Clacanth found in the Comoro Islands. This first specimen showed that the Clacanth was a fully-fledged fish, not an intermediate form as claimed by evolutionists. Another 200 specimens discovered since have confirmed this significant fact.
A 410-million-year-old Clacanth fossil.
Off the coast of southern Africa, in the winter of
1938, a fishing boat called The Nerine dragged from the Indian Ocean
near the Chalumna River a fish thought to be extinct for 70 million years.
The fish was a cœlacanth,
an animal that thrived concurrently with dinosaurs...18
These words, by the evolutionist Keith S. Thompson, chairman of the Oxford
University Academy of Natural Sciences, are a clear expression of how
quickly an evolutionary myth faded into nothing. The catching of
a live specimen of Cœlacanth did away with one of the
greatest fake foundations of the theory of evolution.
The Cœlacanth, which according to the fossil record, dates
back some 410 million years to the Devonian period, was regarded by evolutionists
as a powerful intermediate form between fish and reptile. It had been
mysteriously erased from the fossil record 70 million years ago, during the
Cretaceous period, and was believed to have become extinct at that time.19 Based
on these fossils, evolutionist biologists suggested that this creature
had a non-functioning, "primitive" as evolutionists put it,
lung. Speculation regarding the Cœlacanth became so widespread
that the fish was cited in many scientific publications as the most significant
evidence for evolution. Paintings and drawings of it leaving the water
for the land quickly began appearing in books and magazines. Of course,
all these assumptions, images and claims, were based on the idea that
the creature was extinct.
The truth was very different, however. Since 1938, more than 200 present-day Cœlacanths have
been caught, after that first one off South Africa. The second came from
the Comoro Islands off north-west Madagascar in 1952, and a third in
Indonesian Sulawesi in 1998. The evolutionist paleontologist J. L. B.
Smith was unable to conceal his amazement at the capture of the first Cœlacanth,
saying, "If I'd met a dinosaur in the street I wouldn't have been
Another living Clacanth specimen.
Later, photographs of a pair of Cœlacanths cavorting was
even published in National Geographic magazine! The capture
of living Cœlacanths revealed that the claims regarding
it were nothing more than deceptions. The structure that evolutionist
researchers suggested was a primitive lung turned out to be nothing but
a fat-filled swimbladder. In addition, evolutionists had always depicted
the fish as living in shallow waters, as a potential reptile preparing
to crawl onto the land where it would continue to "evolve." Yet
the Cœlacanth was now found to be living in the deepest
ocean waters—a bottom-dwelling fish almost never rising above 180
meters below the surface.21
The tail of the living Clacanth and that of a 140-million-year-old fossil specimen are identical to one another.
In 1987, the German naturalist Hans Fricke confirmed these research findings
when he observed and photographed Cœlacanths off the Grand
Comoro Island. He observed that the fish swam backwards, forwards and
even tilted head down, but never once "walked, crawled, or otherwise
moved on the bottom with their lobed fins."22
Cœlacanth being a living fossil eliminated the so-called evidence
that evolutionists had exhibited so proudly to support their imaginary scenario
of the fish's transition from water to land. When this creature was encountered
in 1938, it immediately revealed the fraudulent nature of the transition from
water to land. Evolutionists cast no aspersions on the fact of this living
fossil and did not seek to convince anyone that this discovery was in error.
They came up with no new conjectures regarding the Cœlacanth and
the story of how it emerged from the sea onto dry land. The stasis in the fossil
record had demolished the story of this fish's evolution by tearing down one
of its basic premises.
Professor of political science Robert G. Wesson set this fact out in
The bony-finned Cœlacanth, thought to be long extinct
but rediscovered in 1938, has been approximately static some 450 million
years (Avers 1989, 317). ... The nearly timeless species are not exempt
from the changes of proteins that go on in all living beings, and they
could surely vary in many ways without loss of adaptiveness, but their
patterns have become somehow frozen. ... From the point of view of conventional
evolutionary theory long-term stasis is hard to explain. Rapid evolution
... is incongruous that species remain unchanged through changing conditions
over many million years.23
The Horseshoe Crab
Horseshoe crab. A 450-million-year-old horseshoe crab is no different to specimens alive today. It has possessed the same complex features and equipment for the last half billion years or so. Clearly, at a time whenaccording to Darwinistsliving things should have been evolving, no evolution actually took place.
The first fossil records of the horseshoe crab go back 425 million years,
yet this living fossil still lives along present-day shores. Its tail,
which allows it to walk with ease across the sand and which is used for
steering, its two eyes with their exceedingly complex structures, and
all its other unique features have remained unchanged over the last 425
A 300-million-year-old cockroach, with exactly the same features as cockroaches today. This fossil, which lived 300 million years ago, definitively refutes Darwin's theory of evolution.
The cockroach, the oldest winged insect in the world,
first appears in fossils some 350 million years old, from the Carboniferous
insect—with its various feelers and hairs that are extremely sensitive
to the slightest movement, even to air currents, its perfect wings, and
its resistant structure capable of withstanding even radiation—is
identical now to how it was 350 million years ago.25
Another living fossil that invalidates one of the greatest faulty proofs
of the theory of evolution—and which even revealed a fraud perpetrated
in the name of evolution—is the okapi, shown in the illustration
The fossils belonging to this animal dated back to the Miocene epoch.
The okapi had always been believed to be extinct—that is, right
up until the first living specimen was captured in 1901. At that time,
it was taken up as an example by evolutionists and presented as an intermediate
form in the equine evolution scenario, which itself is totally false.
However, with the capture of a living okapi, that scenario of equine
evolution was also done away with.
The "evolution of the horse" was for a long while the evolutionists'
Exhibit A in regard to the imaginary origin of mammals. Various living
and extinct species were set out, one after the other according to size,
totally ignoring the gross anatomical differences between them, and were
presented as different stages in the evolution of the horse. This series,
exhibited in natural history museums for many years, was described in
textbooks as if it were a solid proof of evolution. Today, however, a
great many evolutionists admit the invalidity of the equine evolution
scenario and confess that it is an example of wishful thinking totally
based on sleight-of-hand.
In November, 1980, the evolutionist Boyce Rensberger addressed a four-day
symposium attended by 150 evolutionists at the Field Museum of Natural
History in Chicago, which considered problems facing the theory of evolution.
He described how the equine evolution scenario had no basis in the fossil
record and how the horse never underwent a process of gradual evolution:
The popularly told example of horse evolution, suggesting a gradual
sequence of changes from four-toed fox-sized creatures living nearly
50 million years ago to today's much larger one-toed horse, has long
been known to be wrong. Instead of gradual change, fossils of each
intermediate species appear fully distinct, persist unchanged, and
then become extinct. Transitional forms are unknown.26
Rensberger was quite right; no evidence exists that any such process
as equine evolution ever took place. The equine "series" is
totally speculative and is not based on the facts. Moreover, there are
considerable anatomical and physical differences among these animals.
What Rensberger ignores, however, is that not all the species in the
series are extinct. The okapi, encountered in 1901, showed that a creature
that evolutionists depicted as an intermediate form was in fact still
alive today. This animal, which has no relation to the horse and which
bears a far closer resemblance to the zebra, was living in the Miocene
epoch (23-5.3 million years ago), displaying the same complex features
it possesses today.
The living fossil of the okapi again demolished one of the main claims
of the theory of evolution. The equine series scenario, full of inconsistencies
in all possible regards to begin with, was finally eradicated, and another
evolutionary disgrace was quietly placed on the shelf.
Dr. Niles Eldredge of the American Museum of Natural History said the
following about this equine family-tree, which was still lingering in
the museum basement:
There have been an awful lot of stories, some more imaginative
than others, about what the nature of that history [of life] really
is. The most famous example, still on exhibit downstairs, is the
exhibit on horse evolution prepared perhaps fifty years ago. That
has been presented as the literal truth in textbook after textbook.
Now I think that is lamentable, particularly when the people who
propose those kinds of stories may themselves be aware of the speculative
nature of some of that stuff.27
Other Living Fossils
A 146 to 65-million-year-old nautilus (top), and identical modern specimens.
Newspapers frequently attract attention with such headlines as "20-Milion-Year-Old
Spider Fossil Discovered" or "35-Million-Year-Old Lizard Fossil
Unearthed." Each of these reports is actually further proof that
nothing like the evolutionary process ever happened. There are many examples
of living fossils and in addition, these examples go back hundreds of
millions of years.
The crocodile is a reptile that was living 200 million years ago, as
is confirmed by the fossil record.28 Yet it is of course alive today.
Ginkgo trees were living 125 million years ago, but living specimens
were found in China in our own time. Neopilina molluscs were living 500
million years ago, the tuatara lizard 200 million years ago, and archaeobacteria
as long ago as 3.5 billion years ago.29 These are still alive today,
with all their complex systems and perfect structures. The nautilus,
another mollusc, was living in the seas 300 million years ago,30 and
these creatures are living, feeding and reproducing in exactly the same
form in today's seas.
The Australian and African lungfish is another example of a living fossil
that was alive 400 million years ago and still thrives in the present.
Charles Darwin was astonished by the survival of these fish down to the
present day, and in his Origin of Species, he therefore referred
to them as "anomalous forms" that "may almost be called
A fossil ginkgo tree leaf dating back 125 million years, and a
This is by no means the end of the list of creatures that still survive
today unchanged, in exactly the same form as they displayed millions
of years ago. The sturgeon, mackerel, freshwater bass, herring, needlefish,
lobster, crawfish and the Devonian-period shark are all examples of living
fossils. Other examples include the jellyfish, sponges, frogs, bees,
ants, butterflies and termites. The 230-million-year-old dragonfly, soldier
ants dating back 100 million years, and the 150-million-year-old salamander
are all still living today. The same applies to arachnids such as the
spider and myriapods such as the millipede.32, 33
Finally, a spider fossilized in amber, and estimated as being 20 million
years old, was one of the most important discoveries of the 2000s. A
statement from Manchester University announced that this spider, 4 centimeters
long and 2 centimeters wide, was identical to present-day specimens.
It is hoped that a blood specimen from the spider can extract the arachnid's
DNA.34 However, this fossil spider is certainly
not the only specimen found. Other fossil spiders unearthed in excavations
have been estimated to be hundreds of millions of years old, and are
now on exhibit in museums in various countries of the world. The oldest
known and most perfect sea spider fossil dates back 425 million years—important
evidence that these creatures have remained unchanged for millions of
The Earth contains countless other fossil specimens from millions of
years ago of organisms still living today, such as this spider, and of
other creatures now extinct. The fossils illustrated in this book are
just a few of the millions of specimens kept in various museums.
An Australian lungfish from the Devonian period (408-360 million years ago). Evolutionists claim that lungfish are the ancestors of amphibians. Yet the pulmonary structure in these fish bears no resemblance to that in terrestrial animals.