Listening attentively when the Ouran is recited
As Allah makes clear in this verse, listening carefully to the recitation of the Qur'an is an obligatory act of worship. In the second part of the verse, Allah states that this is a way to attain His mercy.
The Qur'an is the Divine word of Allah. Hence, the respect shown to Allah must be displayed to His word as well. Being silent and listening is a sincere sign of this act of respect. Whether one reads the Qur'an in Arabic, English or any other language, it must be with the same respect. In an environment where everyone is otherwise occupied, it is necessary to inform people of this ruling.
Some people consider it sufficient to hear the Qur'an on the radio in an environment where everyone is otherwise occupied and inattentive. However, because the Qur'an is the sublime word of Allah, it must be received with attention and respect. Moreover, one should contemplate the verses and pay heed to them.
Seeking refuge from satan with Allah when the Quran is recited
Allah has tested man by giving satan the ability to suggest negative thoughts to him. The influence of his suggestions varies according to the depth of one's faith. Satan has the most power to influence unbelievers, while he is deprived of authority over believers' fear of Allah.
He said, ‘My Lord, because You misled me, I will make things on the earth seem good to them and I will mislead them all, every one of them, except Your servants among them who are sincere.’ (Surat al-Hijr; 39-40)
Despite the fact that satan cannot divert true believers from the right path, he may still strive to cause them harm, distract them or make them forget. No doubt, those people who act under the influence of satan disturb believers through their speech and attitudes, numbing their minds and hindering them from engaging in good deeds.
One of the aims of satan is to prevent a Muslim from reading Allah's words with attention and understanding or putting them into practice in the course of the day. Because Allah guides believers to right conduct through the Qur'an, satan's unique aim is to divert them from it. For this reason, he wants them to fail to properly understand its content and tries to turn them away from the Qur'an. When faced with the strategies of satan, Allah commands believers to take refuge with Him:
Whenever you recite the Qur'an, seek refuge with Allah from the accursed satan" (Surat an-Nahl; 98)
Those who have faith in Allah and put their trust in Him will be secure from the evil insinuations of satan:
He [satan] has no authority over those who believe and put their trust in their Lord. (Surat an-Nahl; 99)
Avoidance of jealousy and selfish greed
For believers, faith entails exemplary behavior. But this does not mean that they have come to the end of their testing because, like everyone else, Muslims also have a lower self.
Allah reveals in the Qur'an that, in keeping with the purpose of the environment of testing, He inspires people to avoid the wicked tendencies of the ego. Jealousy and greed are characteristics of the baser self:
... But people are prone to selfish greed. If you do good and guard against evil, Allah is aware of what you do. (Surat an-Nisa'; 128)
Jealousy is a reprehensible feeling arising from envy, inferiority or bitterness that one does not possess a thing which others have, cannot achieve success or does not receive the appreciation and praise that others do. Man is prone to this feeling, and any blessing (either material or spiritual) that Allah grants to some of His servants may make it surface:
As an essential part of the test they face in this world, believers constantly struggle against this vice and try to purify themselves of it. When confronted with events that may cause feelings of jealousy, a Muslim should display the proper attitude and behavior instructed in the Qur'an, that is, to know that everything belongs to Allah alone, that everything occurs by His will, that Allah chooses whom He wills, that He grants whatever He wills, and that the decision rests with Him alone. Allah creates everything with a good and Divine purpose. Each blessing is given merely to test man in this world, and his real abode is that of the Hereafter. That is why believers always act in fear of Allah.
Jealousy, pride and arrogance result in ignorantly considering oneself equal to Allah (Allah is surely beyond that).Thus, they are classical attributes of satan, whose revolt against Allah was due to his arrogance and envy of the Prophet Adam (as).
This attribute is evident in the attitudes of unbelievers and hypocrites who follow in satan's footsteps. The jealousy that unbelievers feel becomes so severe that, in time, it permeates all their opinions and actions, so they become representatives of satan. Allah advises believers to seek refuge in Him when faced with the evil of those who envy:
Say: 'I seek refuge with the Lord of Daybreak...’ (Surat al-Falaq; 1)
'And from the evil of an envier when he envies.' (Surat al-Falaq; 5)
Returning a greeting
Greeting is an expression of good wishes. At the gates of Paradise, believers will be greeted with the greeting of peace. It is obligatory for a believer to return a greeting with a better greeting or a similar one:
When you are greeted with a greeting, return the greeting or improve on it. Allah takes account of everything. (Surat an-Nisa'; 86)
According to the mentality of ignorant people, not returning a greeting or pretending not to hear it is considered a mark of superiority. Underlying such conduct are wicked attitudes. In Islam, such an attitude is detested. Returning a greeting is a command of Allah for all believers.
Greeting when one enters a house
In the Qur'an, Allah describes a concept of faith that entails constant remembrance of Allah at every moment. Remembering Allah and the Hereafter only when one encounters an extraordinary event, while remaining thoughtless during the mundane course of life, is contrary to the morals of the Qur'an. Again, in the Qur'an Allah cites many examples of prophets and says that they were people of a superior character who turned to Allah and always kept the Hereafter in mind. Remembering Allah and the Hereafter in some specific events, but being in heedlessness and committing errors in the events of ordinary day-to-day life is totally contrary to the morals of the Qur'an. Every moment a believer lives and every situation he experiences are opportunities to draw nearer to Allah, add to his moral excellence, and increase his rewards in the Hereafter. In the Qur'an, Allah gives many directions that guide believers to the realization of these virtues. One is to greet the members of a household when entering a home:
... And when you enter houses greet one another with a greeting from Allah, blessed and good. In this way, Allah makes the Signs clear to you so that hopefully you will use your intellect. (Surat an-Nur; 61)
Our Lord reminds believers to greet one another when they enter their homes, and that in doing so they must wish one another holy and pleasant lives and must intend to greet one another with the desire for them to live in a manner compatible with the Qur'an and the faith. That is why the intention behind greetings is also so important.
Believers beg Almighty Allah for mercy and peace when they meet one another. They accept the greeting of whoever greets them and return it in an even finer manner. This attitude of the believer's is one of the joys that Qur'anic moral values bring to the social relations between people. Greetings establish a dialogue, warmth and closeness between people who do not know one another. When people live by these values the climates of tension and disrespect found in the societies of ignorance will never arise anywhere in which there are Muslims.
If one ponders the meaning expressed in the verse, he will comply with the obligation that Allah commands. By so doing, one mentions a name of Allah, as-Salam ("The Source of Peace"). Muslims frequently convey their good will to one another and thus consolidate their love and unity. Moreover, in this way they remember Allah together, and greeting is an expression of trust and security among believers.
STATEMENTS BY MR. ADNAN OKTAR REGARDING THE IMPORTANCE OF EXTENDING GREETINGS IN THE MORAL VALUES OF THE QUR'AN
The Importance of Greeting People
"Spreading greetings increases love and respect. I go out, and nobody greets anyone else. Thanks be to Allah, though, it still goes on in villages and small towns. Of course, they greet one another because they know them. But not in the cities. That is really terrifying. Friendship, love and brotherhood must be spread. For example, you walk along a quite street and you say, "selamün aleyküm" and the other person says, "aleyküm selam." What does that mean? It means, "I can be trusted, and you can be trusted. No harm will come from me, and none from you." That instills peace. You don't know who a person is. He is just a dark shadow coming down the street. A young girl will be very nervous. Even a young man will be uneasy. It could be a mugger, or a thief, or a psychopath or anything. But that will disappear if people give greetings, if there is a climate of love and warmth. That is what lies behind suicides, too." (From Mr. Adnan Oktar's live interview on Mavi Karadeniz and Ekintürk TV on November 17, 2009)
The Way People Are Reluctant to Extend Greetings Is a Plan of Satan's
"Satan operates a policy longing for a society with fear and suspicion and whose members detest one another. Nobody must fall for it. Go out and you will see how nobody looks up from the ground. What kind of life is that? People cannot look up from the ground. They do not look others in the face. Do you ever see anyone looking anyone in the face? Very rarely. Does anyone ever greet anyone else? Never! If you extend a greeting to someone he will turn round in amazement and wonder what is going on. Where did that come from, he will ask. You cannot even say hello. Or a smiling face. If you walk around smiling it terrifies people. They will even think something must be going on and follow you in case you are a spy or something. There is this insane paranoia among some people. You can never compliment anyone, of course. If you tell someone what an attractive car he has, he will see it as a threat." (From Mr. Adnan Oktar's live interview on TV Kayseri on February 17, 2010)
Obtaining permission before entering the houses of others
Allah has ordained measures that will ensure material and spiritual well-being. He also communicates through the Qur'an the means to prevent disturbing situations. For example, whatever one's intentions may be, entering another person's dwelling without permission is prohibited:
You believers! Do not enter houses other than your own until you have asked permission and greeted their inhabitants. That is better for you, so that hopefully you will pay heed. (Surat an-Nur; 27)
Even when wrongdoing is out of the question, behaving otherwise causes doubt and may be perceived as a threat to the security and privacy of the household.