31- The Human Eyeball Is More Complex and Efficient Than the Most Advanced Camera
With its 40 basic components, the human eye provides a better image and clarity than even the most advanced digital camera. In order for the eye to be able to see at all, every one of these 40 components need to be fully functional at the same time, able to work together in harmony. If even one of these components is absent, the eye is effectively blind. In the same way that a workable camera cannot emerge in stages as its component parts are assembled haphazardly, neither can the eye have formed in stages and as the result of chance mutations.
32- The Human Brain Is Organized in a Highly Complex and Superior Way
The brain consists of some 100 billion nerve cells, which communicate with one another by way of connection points known as synapses. There are 10,000 synapses in every neuron, so that any one neuron can communicate with 10,000 other neurons at the same time. The number of synapses in the human brain is estimated to be around 1 quadrillion—enabling 1,000,000,000,000,000 acts of communication. The transistors in computers, analogous to the brain’s nerve cells, have only six connection points.
The fastest computer in the world can perform an average of 109 processes per second. The brain can manage 1015 (that is, 10,000,000,000,000,000 actions per second.) In addition, the computer has a memory capacity of 1011 bytes (a byte being the smallest unit of information capable of being recorded on a computer). Compare that to the brain’s capacity of 1014. In other words, the human brain has a capacity equivalent to that of 1,000 computers.
It is absolutely impossible for chance to organize the brain cells in such a way as to give rise to such a dazzling communications network. This system is far more complex and wondrous than Internet technology, one of the greatest developments of the 20th century. Internet technology—indeed, even the simplest telephone switchboard system cannot form by chance. People are well aware that engineering, design, information, and intelligence are all essential for such technology. How, then, can they still manage to claim that the brain’s far more extraordinary system came into being by “evolution”—by slow, incremental chance?
There is no doubt that this is the result of blind devotion to the theory of evolution. But approaching matters in an unprejudiced manner can clearly reveal the full glory inherent in humanity’s creation
The analytical power of our brains is many times superior to that in computers. The brain has a total capacity equivalent to that of an average of 1,000 computers. Since it is impossible for even a single computer to have come into being by chance, it is utterly nonsensical to suggest that such a magnificent structure as the human brain originally did so.
33- The Bacterial “Whip” that Baffles Evolutionists
Certain bacteria use a microscopic whip or flagellum to propel themselves through their liquid environment. This organic engine does not run on the energy kept in a ready state in the ATP molecules inside the cell. Instead, it has its own particular source of energy: The bacterium uses the energy it receives from a flow of acid from the membrane. Some 240 separate proteins make up the bacterial whip. Scientists say that these proteins emit signals to turn the microscopic engine on and off and form joints that permit movement at the atomic level.
This complex structure in the bacterial flagellum alone is sufficient to demolish the theory of evolution. The whip itself has a structure, which can by no means be reduced to a simple form. If only a single molecular piece that constitutes the whip were absent or defective, the flagellum would not function and would therefore be of no use to the bacterium. This yet again clearly reveals the invalidity of the theory of evolution’s claim of “gradual development.”
34- A Defense System with a Memory and a Laboratory
Some antigens—foreign bodies and microbes—endanger human beings by entering the bloodstream. When this happens, the defense cells try to eliminate these antigens by producing substances known as antibodies or else prevent them from multiplying.
The most surprising, and important, characteristic of antibodies is their ability to recognize hundreds of thousands of microbes that are completely different in nature and to prepare themselves to destroy them. What’s really interesting is that there are antibodies that can recognize even artificial antigens produced in the laboratory and introduced inside the human body.
How is this cell able to recognize hundreds of thousands of different cells? In addition, how does it acquire information about an artificially produced substance? Moreover, antibodies are able to immediately produce effective weapons to be used against the invader—a process that presents an insoluble dilemma for evolutionists.
35- Bone Cells That Sculpt Cannot Be the Products of Chance
The cells found in bone known as osteoclasts enable changes in the shape and size of bones and let them in time increase to adult dimensions by carving away in certain areas of bone. They also decrease the size of protrusions on the bone surface. During the demolition process performed by osteoclasts, other cells known as osteoblasts begin to form new bone tissue to reconstitute the skeleton.
The cells perform the same task within the bones of every human being. They all know how to reduce and shape the bone surface. Aware of the differences between the skull and the thigh bone, they know how to shape any given bone, when to stop its growth, and how thick or thin the eventual bone is to be. These cells prepare the body’s skeleton with the greatest care, just like a sculptor. It is Almighty God Who inspires every step taken by these cells that creates the hardness, length, shape, protrusions and cavities of every part of the skeleton.
36- The Miracle of Blood Clotting
The process of blood clotting resembles the first aid performed by ambulance crews called out to attend a traffic accident.
When bleeding takes place in any region of the body, blood platelets known as thrombocytes are dispersed throughout the bloodstream. Wherever bleeding may occur, thrombocytes will always be on call nearby.
Just like a traffic officer, a protein known as Von Willebrand indicates the site of the accident, halts the thrombocytes when it detects them and causes them to remain in the site of the incident. The first thrombocyte to arrive attracts others to the site by emitting a special substance, just as if it were summoning assistance.
At this point, 20 enzymes in the body come together to begin producing a protein known as thrombin, which is produced only in the presence of an open wound. This is similar to a first-aid team administering the necessary drugs at a crash site. In addition, the production must be at just the right level, and the production of thrombin must also start and stop right on time. The enzymes that produce this protein seem to decide among themselves when production should begin and cease.
Once a sufficient quantity of thrombin has been manufactured, small fibers known as fibrinogen form, creating a microscopic network in the blood, to which the thrombocytes adhere and accumulate. Once this accumulation has become sufficiently dense, bleeding stops These enzymes and proteins are structures consisting of different arrangements of blind, unconscious, inanimate atoms. Yet each one assumes a function from the moment the incident occurs and they are all “organized” in such a way as to halt the flow of blood in the most speedy manner. The apparent consciousness displayed by these collections of atoms is doubtless a great miracle and cannot, of course, be the product of “evolution,” a process totally dependent on chance.
37- The Features of Even A Single Molecule Are Enough to Demolish the Theory of Evolution
Thrombin is a protein that clots the blood. Although it is always present in the bloodstream, it does not cause the constantly flowing blood to congeal. Clotting is necessary only when there is leakage—that is, bleeding—from a blood vessel. If thrombin were to perform its function at all times, then all the blood in the body would solidify because of the protein thrombin, and the organism in question would die.
How is it, therefore, that inanimate atoms could have produced this protein that stops bleeding and also have produced this protein’s features of so that it does not harm the living organism? Unconscious atoms could not have produced mechanisms requiring such progressive, detailed and magnificent knowledge. Of course, it is Almighty God Who creates all these abilities.
38- Blood Cells Capable of Differentiating between Useful and Harmful Substances
Blood as it flows through the capillaries collects waste products from the cells. It carries them to the kidneys, where these substances are filtered out. The carbon dioxide produced as a byproduct of cells is carried by the blood to the lungs, and from there it is expelled from the body.
The red blood cells in the veins and arteries are able to differentiate between useful and harmful substances in an exceedingly aware manner, and are well aware which gasses they must deposit where. For example, they never carry harmful gasses to the kidneys or waste products to the lungs. Neither do they take waste products to organs requiring nourishment. The manner that blood cells perform their functions without ever making a mistake or suffering any confusion or delays indicates that a supreme Consciousness controls, supervises and organizes them. It is evident that it is the Almighty God Who bestows all these characteristics on the blood and creates a perfect circulatory system.
39- The Kidneys’ Selectivity Is Not the Work of Chance
The kidneys constantly cleanse the blood flowing through the body. They send back some of the substances they filter to be re-used at a later date, and secrete useless and harmful substances from the body. How are the kidneys able to make these chemical distinctions? How can they differentiate between protein, urea, sodium, glucose and other substances?
In the kidneys, structures known as “glomerules” formed from capillary vessels decide what is to be retained and what gotten rid of. How can a structure of flesh decide how much of one substance is to be expelled and how much to be kept? Could it be blind coincidence—or did unconscious atoms, which have never received any training in chemistry, physics or biology, form this selective attribute of the kidneys? Of course not! All these are some further proofs of God’s flawless creation.
40- It Is Erroneous to Claim that the Kidneys Came into Being by Chance
Only 5 to -7 centimeters in size, the kidney works silently, unceasingly, without ever making its presence felt and without ever needing any maintenance. It controls the quality of the blood, orders blood cells to be produced, regulates the amount of water in the blood, and cleanses it by operating 2.4 million filtration units ideally suited to the body’s needs. In fact, it keeps on working to ensure the survival of the body throughout our daily lives without setting aside just one specific time for work.
A dialysis machine is the size of an average refrigerator, runs on electricity, is noisy, wears out in 3 to 4 years, requires constant maintenance. It needs constant circulation of blood in the event of a patient’s kidney failure, whose blood cannot be cleansed in the body. The machine is operated by expert doctors and technicians in sterile hospital conditions. All patients’ blood pressure drops enormously when they are attached to the machine. They become breathless and start trembling. Bleeding is frequent and occurs easily; muscular cramps often arise.
But the dialysis machine is merely a simple filter. Since it cleanses the blood only crudely, tests need to be run on the patient and those substances that are lacking have to be replaced. Patients are attached to the machine for five hours, three days a week, during which time they are unable to move.
It is totally illogical for those who know that a dialysis machine cannot have come into being by chance to claim that the kidneys—which are so far superior to it—could have done so.