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Fossil Specimens of Marine Creatures (1/5)

Mene (Mene maculata)

Age: 54 to 37 million years
Period: Eocene
Location: Monte Bolca,  Italy

This species of fish, a member of the family Menidae, is most frequently found in the Pacific Ocean. Many fossils have been acquired of this vertebrate, dating back to the Cenozoic era (65 million years ago, down to the present). Fossils of the species Mene maculata from the Monte Bolca Formation in particular are important examples showing that these fish have never changed over millions of years.   

Despite the presence of many fossils such as this, showing that mene fish have always remained the same, there are no fossils that show they are descended from other life forms, as evolutionists claim.

J. R. Norman, one of the administrators of the British Museum of Natural History, describes how Darwinists’ claims regarding the emergence of fish are not based on any evidence:

"The geological record has so far provided no evidence as to the origin of the fishes . . ." (J. R. Norman, "Classification and Pedigrees: Fossils," in A History of Fishes, 3rd ed., ed. Dr. P. H. Greenwood, London: British Museum of Natural History, 1975, p. 343)

Starfish

Age: 490 to 443 million years
Period: Ordovician
Location: Kataoua Formation, Morocco

Starfish generally live on the sea floor, and some species live at depths of 7,000 meters. Evolutionists are in a hopeless position when faced with these echinoderms, which have survived unchanged for around half a billion years. These creatures have remained exactly the same, not for 10 million or 100 million years, nor even for 200 million, but for roughly 500 million years.

If evolutionists’ claims were true, then starfish should long since have turned into different life forms over the course of 500 million years, and the remains of many odd-looking creatures, half-starfish and partly some other invertebrate, should be visible in the fossil record. Yet the fossil record contains no such evidence for evolutionists’ claims.

As the 500-million-year-old starfish pictured here proves, starfish have always existed as starfish, are not descended from any other life form, and never turned into any other species.

Mackerel

Age: 5 million years old
Period: Miocene
Region: Marecchia River Formation, Italy

Looking at the 100 million fossils discovered to date reveals one single truth: those life forms never evolved. If they had evolved, if the mackerel had assumed its present form by gradual changes from another organism for instance, then there should be a great many differences between today's mackerel and those that lived millions of years ago. But there are no differences. Mackerel are the same today as they were 5 million years ago, and the meaning of this is clear: Scientific findings declare that "the evolution is a lie."

Squid

Age: 95 million years
Period: Cretaceous
Location: Lebanon

Squid, members of the sub-class Coleoidea, are mollusks with eight or ten arms. As with other living things, evolutionists maintain that mollusks are descended from a supposed common ancestor, even though they are unable to back these theses up with any scientific findings.

This fact is admitted by the Turkish evolutionist biologist Ali Demirsoy:

"At the beginning of this discussion, we considered a hypothetical mollusk forerunner and attempted to present these classes’ stages of descent from it . . . . We were certainly unable to find the means of combining all these classes together in a common ancestor . . . . In essence, it seems impossible in the light of present-day knowledge to describe a mollusk forebear." (Ali Demirsoy, Yasamin Temel Kurallari [The Basic Rules of Life], Vol. II, Part I, pp. 623-624)

Sturgeon

Age: 206 to 144 million years
Period: Jurassic
Location: Volcanic Ash Beds, Liaoning, China

Sturgeon, members of the order Acipenseriformes, the remains of which species date back to very early periods, are frequently encountered in the fossil record. They generally live in the fresh waters and seas of the northern hemisphere. With their structures, which have remained unchanged for tens and even hundreds of millions of years, sturgeon are one of the living things that refute the Darwinist claim that life forms evolved from the primitive to the more complex.

The fossil record has revealed that even in very early geological periods, there were already living organisms possessed of complex systems such as eyes, gills and circulatory systems, as well as advanced physiological structures, identical to those in modern-day specimens.

New findings obtained in 1999, for instance, show that in the Cambrian Period (490 to 543 million years ago), there were two separate species of fish known as Haikouichthys ercaicunensis and Myllokunmingia fengjiaoa. These findings deal a lethal blow to the theory of evolution’s claim that species develop from the primitive to the more complex.

Needlefish

Age: 95 million years
Period: Cretaceous
Location:Haqel, Lebanon

Needlefish, which belong to the family Belonidae, have a long, thin body structure. They can leap from the surface of the water and return to it, tail-first—a method they employ to escape predators.

The fossil record shows that all species of fish have their own unique features; that there is no evolutionary link between different species; and that the concept of a "forerunner of fish" is nothing more than a fantasy. The Turkish evolutionist biologist Ali Demirsoy admits that claims that different fish species emerged from one another are based on an assumption:

"We have no more than assumptions on the subject of bony fish separating from the known early Paleozoic vertebrates with jaws." (Ali Demirsoy, Yasamin Temel Kurallari [The Basic Rules of Life], Vol. III, Part I, p. 248)

In fact, all Darwinist claims regarding the origin of life are based on assumptions, not just those concerning the origin of fish. And none of these is supported by scientific findings, which have revealed that life is the work not of blind coincidences, but of our Lord God.

Starfish

Age: 490 to 443 million years
Period: Ordovician
Location: Kataoua Formation, Morocco

Evolutionists claim that mollusks, echinodermata, arthropods, birds, insects, fish—and, in short, all living things—came into being from a single cell, as the result of blind chance, by undergoing small changes over millions of years. Yet they can never provide any scientific explanation of the stages by which these organisms, all with very different organs, structures and ways of feeding and totally different systems descended from one another. They have no fossils with which they can confirm this imaginary process.

The countless fossils discovered to date show that every living species came into being with its own particular characteristics and that it preserved these features for so long as it remained in existence (for tens or even hundreds of millions of years).

One example is the 500-million-year-old starfish fossil in the picture. Starfish, which have remained unchanged over the intervening 500 million years, have dealt a major blow to evolution.

Soldier Fish

Age: 95 million years
Period: Cretaceous
Location: Lebanon

The fact that soldier fish living 95 million years ago were identical to those in existence today shows that these fish have never changed over millions of years. This state of affairs, which refutes the Darwinist claim that living things evolved by changing, puts evolutionists in an impossible position. Concrete scientific findings such as the fossil record have proved that evolution never happened.

Needlefish

Age: 95 million years
Period: Cretaceous
Location:en-Nammoura, Lebanon

If Darwinists’ claims that living things descended from one another were true, then we should encounter a large number of fossil specimens bearing the characteristics of two different life forms (such as a half-needlefish and half-herring, or a half-whale and half-shark, or a half-trout and half-crocodile). But no such fossil has ever been found. In fact, Darwin saw that this absence of proof posed a major dilemma for him even when he first launched his theory. For that reason, he wrote the following in the chapter "Difficulties on Theory" in his book The Origin of Species:

"Why, if species have descended from other species by insensibly fine gradations, do we not everywhere see innumerable transitional forms? Why is not all nature in confusion instead of the species being, as we see them, well defined? . . . But, as by this theory innumerable transitional forms must have existed, why do we not find them embedded in countless numbers in the crust of the earth?" (Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species, New York: Oxford University Press, 1998, pp. 140, 141)

Some 150 years after Darwin’s time, the problem facing evolutionists is exactly the same. Although millions of fossils have been unearthed to date, why has not one intermediate-form fossil been found? The answer is obvious for anyone who does not think along the lines of Darwinist preconceptions: because no "intermediate forms" ever existed! Life forms did not come into being by descent from one another. Almighty God has created all living things, together with the magnificent characteristics they possess.

Coelacanth

Age: 95 million years
Period: Cretaceous
Location: Hjoula, Lebanon

Up to 1938, it was believed that coelacanth fossils represented the solution to a serious problem for evolutionists, who needed evidence documenting the imaginary emergence of living things from the sea onto dry land. They therefore took fossils of the coelacanth, which they believed was well suited to this scenario, and began making propaganda regarding them. They interpreted the animal’s fins as "feet about to walk" and another unidentified organ as "a primitive lung."

Yet striking proof soon emerged that none of these interpretations had any validity at all. The capture by fisherman of a living coelacanth in 1938 came as a terrible disappointment to evolutionists. James Leonard Brierley Smith, a professor in the Rhodes University Chemistry Faculty, expressed his amazement in these words:

"Although I had come prepared, that first sight hit me like a white-hot blast and made me feel shaky and queer, my body tingled. I stood as if stricken to stone. Yes, there was not a shadow of doubt, scale by scale, bone by bone, fin by fin, it was a true Coelacanth." (Samantha Weinberg, A Fish Caught in Time: The Search for the Coelacanth, New York: Perennial Publishing, 2001, p. 20)

Detailed examinations were conducted of the coelacanth’s structure and internal organs, which had no primitive features as had been imagined and bore no intermediate-form characteristics of any imaginary primitive forebear. The structure that evolutionists imagined to be a primitive lung was actually a swim bladder filled with fat in the creature’s body. In addition, this creature, depicted as a prospective reptile preparing to emerge onto dry land, was actually a bottom-dwelling fish inhabiting deep waters and not rising above depths of 180 meters. Therefore, according to Dr. Millot, who conducted the investigation, this life form, which should have represented the "missing link," they were seeking, lacked the primitive features of the living thing they claimed had evolved. (S. Weinberg, Op cit, p. 102) Very simply, it was no intermediate form, but had existed with the same complex characteristics in deep waters for 400 million years.

Hammerjaw

Age: 95 million years
Period: Cretaceous
Location: Hjoula, Lebanon

No matter how much Darwinists today attempt to conceal or deny the fact, it has nevertheless been known since Darwin’s day that the fossil record does not support the theory of evolution. That is why Charles Darwin sought to extricate himself from that dilemma by coming up with deliberate misinterpretations in his book. He devoted particular attention to this matter in his book in the chapter "Difficulties on Theory".

The fossils that so disquieted him at the time still constitute one of the main difficulties facing evolutionists today, because the fossil findings indisputably refute evolution and confirm the fact of Creation.

One proof of the fact of Creation is the 95-million-year-old hammerjaw pictured here, which is completely identical to specimens alive today.

This fossil is a mirror-image one that has left its imprint visible on both surfaces of the layered rock.

Guitarfish

This fossil is a mirror-image one that has left its imprint visible on both surfaces of the layered rock.  

Age: 95 million years
Period: Cretaceous
Location: Haqel, Lebanon

No matter what period they may belong to, guitarfish fossils are all identical to one another. These fossils, which resemble present-day guitarfish in all respects, refute the claim that living things developed gradually by way of very small changes. God has created all living things from nothing, using no earlier models, together with all their perfect features.

Fossils, which are the physical traces of God’s sublime creation, dramatize evolutionist falsehoods ever more strongly with every passing day.

Pictured here is a mirror-image fossil, leaving its imprint on both sides of the sedimentary rock.

Needlefish

Pictured here is a mirror-image fossil, leaving its imprint on both sides of the sedimentary rock.

Age: 95 million years
Period: Cretaceous
Location: Lebanon

The theory of evolution claims that in order for species to be able to evolve from one form to another, it must be in a constant state of change. In order for an invertebrate organism to turn into a fish—a needlefish, for example—it needs to undergo a succession of small changes over a very long period of time. Similar processes then have to take place in order for other species of fish to then emerge from the needlefish.

In the fossil record, however, there is not the slightest indication that such a process ever happened. As the 95-million-year-old needlefish fossil pictured here shows, life forms retain the same features they had when they first came into existence for as long as they survive.

Eel

Age: 95 million years
Period: Cretaceous
Location: Lebanon

The fossil record shows that not just some, but all the fossil species that have been discovered have remained unchanged throughout the course of their existence. This fact was stated in the April 2003 of the magazine Focus, despite its being an evolutionist publication, which dealt with the subject of the coelacanth.

". . . the number of organisms which bear the closest of similarities to fossil specimens from millions of years ago is actually quite large. For instance, the shellfish known as neopilina has not changed for 500 million years, the scorpion for 430 million years, the limulus, an armored sea creature with a sword-like tail, for 225 million years, and the tuatara, a reptile found only in New Zealand, for 230 million years. Many arthropods, crocodiles, turtles and many species of plant can also be added to the list."

One of those living things that have remained unchanged for millions of years is the eel pictured here. Aged 95 million years, it is proof that living things do not change—in other words, that they do not evolve.

Squid (with its pair)

Age: 95 million years
Period: Cretaceous
Location: Haqel, Lebanon

The 95-million-year-old fossil pictured here is proof that squid have always existed as squid throughout geologic history, defying evolutionist claims. Unable to provide the slightest evidence that squid evolved from an earlier life form or developed any further, evolutionists are completely undermined by the fossil record.

Catshark

Age: 95 million years
Period: Cretaceous
Location:Haqel, Lebanon

According to Darwinists’ unscientific claims, plants, animals, fungi and bacteria all share a common origin. The 100 or so different animal phyla (basic taxonomic categories, such as mollusks, arthropods, worms and sponges) have all descended from one imaginary common ancestor. According to the theory, invertebrate organisms gradually (and by chance) turned into fish by acquiring a backbone; fish then turned into amphibians, amphibians into reptiles, some reptiles into birds and others into mammals. Again according to the theory, this transition encompassed a long period of time—hundreds of millions of years—and was carried forward in stages. That being the case, countless intermediate species should have emerged and existed during the long transition in question. Yet no sign of any such intermediate forms has ever been encountered in the fossil record.

Like that 95-million-year-old catshark fossil pictured here, the fossil record shows that living things came into being fully formed with all their features, and survived unchanged for millions of years.

Lobster, Flying Fish

The remains of living things can be seen on both surfaces of this double-sided fossil.

Age: 95 million years
Period: Cretaceous
Location: Haqel, Lebanon

This specimen contains the remains of two creatures—a lobster alongside a flying fish.

These lobsters, members of the family Nephropsidae, have never changed since the first day they came into existence. The same applies to flying fish. This stasis in the fossil record represents a major quandary for Darwinists.

It is no longer possible for Darwinist propaganda to have any lasting effect in the face of these concrete findings from the fossil records. Darwinists must realize the impossibility of concealing the fact of Creation and stop insisting on their dogmas.

Guitarfish

Age: 95 million years
Period: Cretaceous
Location: Haqel, Lebanon

Having remained exactly the same for 95 million years, guitarfish clearly prove one very important point: the stasis in the structures of living things refutes evolution. The theory of evolution is a scenario unsupported by any scientific facts. Fossils make abundantly apparent the unrealistic nature of this scenario and have revealed that Creation can no longer be denied.

 

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