Mathematical Miracles of The Qur’an Part 4
Numbers of Significance In The Qur’an
This section contains the results of various calculations performed on Surahs in which numerical terms appear. The same numbers obtained as a result of different calculations in the relevant Surah are also extremely fascinating. This section of the book deals with various types of calculation - such as the numbers of syllables and letters in the Surahs, the types of letter or their numerological values [abjad] —and reveals surprising similarities in the resultant numbers. The calculations in this section are not open to discussion and nor are they a matter for debate - anybody who performs the same calculations will arrive at the same figures as those which are quoted here. References are provided throughout this section of the book so that any interested person is entitled to double-check the relevant Qur’anic verses.
In addition to the sublime theological wisdom and religious knowledge of the Holy Qur'an, it also contains very rich and extraordinary numerical references. In verse 29 of Surat an-Naba' our Lord says "... We have recorded all things in writing." And verse 28 of Surat al-Jinn reads "... (Allah) has counted the exact number of everything." These miraculous numerical references obtained from the Holy Qur'an are also manifestations of one of our Almighty Lord's Ninety-Nine Names. The title "Al-Muhsey," or "He Who knows the number of everything, even if it is infinite".
* (This section is based on Ahmet Maraşlı's book Kuran'da Sırlı Diziliş [Mysterious Aligning in the Qur'an ], (Okul Press, Istanbul, 2003)
The Allotment of Forty (40) Nights To The Prophet Moses (As)
And when We allotted to Moses forty nights. Then you adopted the Calf when he had gone and you were wrongdoers. (Surat al-Baqara, 51)
a) The Surahs between these verses are: "al-Baqara", "Al-Imr'an", "an-Nisa", "al-Ma'ida", "al-An'am" and "al-A'raf."
Twelve (12) Fountains Springing From Stone
And when Moses was looking for water for his people, We said, 'Strike the rock with your staff.' Then twelve fountains gushed out from it and all the people knew their drinking place. 'Eat and drink of Allah's provision and do not go about the earth corrupting it. (Surat al-Baqara, 60)
Help From Three Thousand (3,000) Angels
And when you said to the believers, 'Is it not enough for you that your Lord reinforced you with three thousand angels, sent down?'(Surat al-Imr'an, 124)
Help From Five Thousand (5,000) Angels
Yes indeed! But if you are steadfast and guard against evil and they come upon you suddenly, your Lord will reinforce you with five thousand angels, clearly identified. (Surat al-Imr'an, 125)
The Sending of Twelve (12) Leaders
Allah made a covenant with the tribe of Israel and We raised up twelve leaders from among them. Allah said, 'I am with you. If you establish salat and pay zakat, and believe in My Messengers and respect and support them, and make a generous loan to Allah, I will erase your wrong actions from you and admit you into Gardens with rivers flowing under them. Any of you who are unbelievers after that have gone astray from the right way.' (Surat al-Ma'ida, 12)
Thirty (30) Nights and Ten (10) Nights Being Set Aside For The Prophet Moses (As)
We set aside thirty nights for Moses and then completed them with ten, so the appointed time of his Lord was forty nights in all. Musa said to his brother Harun, 'Be my khalif among my people. Keep order and do not follow the way of the corrupters.'(Surat al-A'raf, 142)
Twelve (12) Tribes and Twelve (12) Fountains Flowing From The Rock
We divided them up into twelve tribes–communities. We revealed to Moses, when his people asked him for water: 'Strike the rock with your staff.' Twelve fountains flowed out from it and all the people knew their drinking place. And We shaded them with clouds and sent down manna and quails to them: 'Eat of the good things We have provided you with.'They did not wrong Us; rather it was themselves they wronged.(Surat al-A'raf, 160)
That The Number of Months In The Sight of Allah Is Twelve (12)
There have been twelve months with Allah in the Book of Allah, from the day He first created the heavens and earth. Four of them are forbidden. That is the True Religion. So do not wrong one another during them. However, fight the idolaters totally just as they fight you totally, and know that Allah is with those who guard against evil. (Surat at-Tawba, 36)
Asking For Forgiveness Seventy (70) Times
(You can ask forgiveness for them, or not ask forgiveness for them. Even if you asked forgiveness for them seventy times, Allah still would not forgive them. That is because they have rejected Allah and His Messenger. Allah does not guide deviant people. (Surat at-Tawba, 80)
The Number of The Years and The Reckoning Thereof
It is He Who appointed the sun to give radiance, and the moon to give light, assigning it phases so you would know the number of years and the reckoning of time. Allah did not create these things except with truth. We make the Signs clear for people who know.(Surah Yunus, 5)
A month in the Islamic calendar can only have 29 or 30 days. (There is no other possibility.)
We made the night and day two Signs. We blotted out the Sign of the night and made the Sign of the day a time for seeing so that you can seek favour from your Lord and will know the number of years and the reckoning of time. We have made all things very clear. (Surat al-Isra', 12)
One year according to the Hijri calendar lasts 354 or 355 days. (There is no other possible figure.)
Their Inability To Produce Ten (10) Such Surahs
Or do they say, 'He has invented it?' Say, 'Then produce ten invented suras like this, and call on anyone you can besides Allah if you are telling the truth.'(Surah Hud, 13)
The Prophet Joseph's (As) Dream and Eleven (11) Stars
Yusuf told his father, 'Father! I saw eleven bright stars, and the sun and moon as well. I saw them all prostrate in front of me.'(Surah Yusuf, 4)
The Number of The Human Chromosome
He created man from a drop of sperm and yet he is an open challenger! (Surat an-Nahl, 4)
There are some 100 trillion cells in the body of a human adult. The cells all possess the same genetic structure. That genetic structure is also present in the chromosomes in the cell nucleus. There are 23 pairs, or 46 chromosomes, in a human cell – half from the mother and half from the father. These chromosomes also contain DNA molecules in which the characteristics of the person are recorded: hair colour, eye colour, height and other unique details which make an individual what they are. The scientific world only learned that there are 46 chromosomes in the human cell in the second half of the 20th century.
The words "manayyin" and "nutfatin" in the Qur'an refer to different things (Surat al-Qiyama, 37). "Manayyin" is used to refer to the whole and "nutfatan" to a component thereof.
* The word "nutfatin" appears in different forms below, such as nutfatin, nutfata or nutfatan, depending on its use in the sentence or grammatical rules. But the meaning does not change.
Then formed the drop into a clot and formed the clot into a lump and formed the lump into bones and clothed the bones in flesh; and then brought him into being as another creature. Blessed be Allah, the Best of Creators! (Surat al-Muminun, 14)
Allah created you from dust and then from a drop of sperm and then made you into pairs. No female becomes pregnant or gives birth except with His knowledge. And no living thing lives long or has its life cut short without that being in a Book. That is easy for Allah. (Surat al-Fatir, 11)
It is He Who created you from earth, then from a drop of sperm, then from a clot of blood, then He brings you out as infants, then so you may achieve full strength, then so you may become old men –though some of you may die before that time– so that you may reach a predetermined age and so that hopefully you will use your intellect.(Surah Ghafir, 67)
… out of a sperm-drop when it spurted forth;(Surat an-Najm, 46)
We created man from a mingled drop to test him, and We made him hearing and seeing.(Surat al-Insan, 2)
Was he not a drop of ejaculated sperm?(Surat al-Qiyama, 37)
The Angles In Honeycombs
Your Lord revealed to the bees: 'Build dwellings in the mountains and the trees, and also in the structures which men erect. Then eat from every kind of fruit and travel the paths of your Lord, which have been made easy for you to follow.' From inside them comes a drink of varying colours, containing healing for mankind.There is certainly a Sign in that for people who reflect.(Surat an-Nahl, 68-69)
Working as a team, honey bees build hexagonal cells in their hives and fill the cells with honey under the leadership of the Queen Bee. Mathematicians have concluded that the hexagon is the most perfect and effificient shape these bees could have “chosen” for their special work. For example, if the cells in the combs were pentagonal or octagonal, then their edges would not weld together perfectly. Consequently, many parts of the comb would therefore remain used and the honey project could be deemed to be inherently inefficient. But through Allah’s Inspiration, bees store the greatest possible amount of honey by building their combs in the form of hexagons.
The Companions of The Cave and How They Spent Three Hundred and Nine (309) Years In The Cave
Do you consider that the Companions of the Cave and Ar-Raqim were one of the most remarkable of Our Signs? (Surat al-Kahf, 9)
They stayed in their Cave for three hundred years and added nine. (Surat al-Kahf, 25)
In revealing how long the Companions spent in the cave, the Qur'an says "They stayed in their Cave for three hundred years and added nine." (Surat al-Kahf, 25) In interpreting this verse, commentators say that the Companions of the Cave slept for 300 solar years or 309 years by the lunar calendar.
Then We woke them up again so that we might see which of the two groups would better calculate the time they had stayed there. (Surat al-Kahf, 12)
They stayed in their Cave for three hundred years and added nine.(Surat al-Kahf, 25)
Allah, in His Eternal Wisdom, does not directly mention the number “309” in this Surah. He does say exactly how long these companions remained in the cave. Rather, the Qur’an speaks of an additional nine years thus drawing attention to the difference between the solar and lunar years. (Allah knows the truth.)
The solar year refers to the Earth's revolution around the Sun, and 365.242217 complete revolutions of the Earth constitute a solar year. A lunar year consists of 354.36768 days, the time in which the Moon orbits the Earth 12 times. There is thus a difference of 10.874537 days between the solar and lunar years. In short, 100 solar years is thus equivalent to 103 lunar years.
In order to determine the equivalent of 300 solar years in terms of lunar years, we need to add on 9 more years – just as in the verse.
That was the situation when we woke them up so they could question one another. One of them asked, 'How long have you been here?' They replied, 'We have been here for a day or part of a day.' They said, 'Your Lord knows best how long you have been here. Send one of your number into the city with this silver you have, so he can see which food is purest and bring you some of it to eat.But he should go about with caution so that no one is aware of you.(Surat al-Kahf, 19)
The Nine (9) Miracles of The Prophet Moses (As)
Put your hand inside your shirt front. It will emerge pure white, yet quite unharmed – one of nine Signs to Pharaoh and his people. They are a people of deviators.' (Surat an-Naml, 12)
A Group of Nine (9) In The City
There was a group of nine men in the city causing corruption in the land and not putting things right. (Surat an-Naml, 48)
The Matter of Theninety Nine (99) Ewes
This brother of mine has ninety-nine ewes and I have only one. He said, "Let me have charge of it," and got the better of me with his words.'(Sura Sad, 23)
The Seven (7) Heavens
He Who created the seven heavens in layers. You will not find any flaw in the Creation of the All-Merciful. Look again – do you see any gaps?(Surat al-Mulk, 3)
Swearing By The Ten (10) Nights
By the dawn and ten nights,(Surat al-Fajr, 1-2)