Godless ideologies such as fascism, communism, racism and anarchism have brought destruction upon humanity and have encouraged hatred within societies.
The Outlook of Islam on the People of the Book
God calls to the Abode of Peace and He guides whom He wills to a straight path. (Qur'an, 10:25)
Another important topic that has been on the agenda with the acts of terrorism against the United States is the relation between the Western and Islamic world. As is known, by the 90s, some intellectuals were falsely suggesting that a struggle would take place between the West and Islamic world in the near future. This is the basic theme of Samuel Huntington's well-known thesis "The Clash of Civilisations". However, this thesis – better called as "The Clash of Ignorance" by Edward W. Said – rests on an imaginary scenario generated by the exaggeration of the influence of some radical and ignorant factions to be found in these two civilisations. Actually, there can be no clash between the Western civilisation and the Islamic civilisation, because the beliefs of Judaism and Christianity, the tenets upon which Western civilisation is based, are in perfect harmony with Islam.
In the Qur'an, Jews and Christians are called the "People of the Book". This is because the members of these two religions abide by the Divine Books revealed by God. The outlook of Islam on the People of the Book is extremely just and compassionate.
This attitude towards the People of the Book developed during the years of the birth of Islam according to the principles in the Qur'an. At that time, Muslims were a minority, struggling to protect their faith and suffering oppression and torture from the pagans of the city of Mecca. Due to this persecution, some Muslims decided to flee Mecca and shelter in a safe country with a just ruler. The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) told them to take refuge the Christian king of Ethiopia. The Muslims who went to Ethiopia found a very fair administration that embraced them with love and respect. The King refused the demands of the pagan messengers who had travelled to Ethiopia and asked him to surrender the Muslims to them, and announced that Muslims could live freely in his country.
These Christian attitudes of compassion, mercy, and justice, are referred to in a verse of the Qur'an which states:
… You will find the people most affectionate to those who believe are those who say, "We are Christians." That is because some of them are priests and monks and because they are not arrogant. (Qur'an, 5:82)
Common Beliefs and Values Shared by Muslims and the People of the Book
Christian and Muslim beliefs have many aspects in common. Judaism too shares many beliefs with Islam. In the Qur'an, God relates that Muslims share the same faith with the People of the Book and that they say to them "We have faith in what has been sent down to us and what was sent down to you. Our God and your God are one and we submit to Him." (Qur'an, 29:46)
All true adherents of these three great religions:
In the Qur'an, Christians and Jews are defined as the People of the Book, and there is a command to show respect, mercy and kindness to them. Both Christians and Jews believe in God and share the same moral values as Muslims.
In one verse, that Muslims make no distinction among prophets is related as follows:
The Messenger believes in what has been sent down to him by his Lord, and so do the believers. Each one believes in God and His angels and His Books and His Messengers. We do not differentiate between any of His Messengers. They say, "We hear and we obey. Forgive us, our Lord! You are our journey's end." (Qur'an, 2:285)
Today both the Muslims and the People of the Book are engaged in a broadening struggle against immoralities such as sexual perversions or drug addiction. Each of these three religions accepts chastity, honesty and selfsacrifice as the greatest virtues.
The beliefs of the People of the Book are in harmony with Muslims, not only in terms of faith-related issues, but also of moral values. Today, in a world where such immoralities as adultery, homosexuality, drug addiction and a model of egoism and self-seeking cruelty have grown widespread, the People of the Book and Muslims share the same virtues: Honour, chastity, humility, self-sacrifice, honesty, compassion, mercy and unconditional love.
Darwinism proposes a society in which conflict and violence are seen as means of development. But a study of its effects on society reveals that the Social Darwinist project has only brought pain and destruction.
Conversations with Adnan Oktar, en.a9.com.tr
Treating the People of the Book with Compassion and Affection Iss the Sunnah of Our Prophet (pbuh)
Adnan Oktar: The People of Israel are descended from the prophets, they are the grandchildren of our own prophets. And they follow the law of the Prophet Moses (pbuh) and have preserved that law and faith from that day to this. Therefore, it is incompatible with reason and good conscience to leave these immaculate people without a state, to deprive them of their nation, to seek to exile them from their lands or deny them the right to life. Muslims are affectionate, compassionate and full of love. The Jews are our brothers and have the right to life. They are first-class human beings, who live, trade, make art and do science as they wish in the region. So why should they be forced from their lands or deprived of the right to a quite life? That is unacceptable to anyone. And unacceptable to me. Of course they will live in peace and happiness, and their lives will be guaranteed. They will live in plenty and abundance in the Turkish-Islamic Union. The words of the Qur'an are plain to see, as are the Sunnah and practices of our Prophet (pbuh). The People of the Book, the People of Israel, lived in complete ease in the time of our Prophet (pbuh). They also lived in Jerusalem at that time, in the region of Israel. They were happy and prosperous and were treated with love and affection. One can marry Jewish girls, sit down at their tables, eat food they have prepared, visit their homes and be friends with them. That was the practice in the time of the Prophet (pbuh) and his Sunnah. And it also applies to Christians. As you know, one of our Prophet's (pbuh) concubines was a Christian. She is our mother, someone we remember with the greatest respect. I am not talking about Judaism alone. Christians are also people we must regard as having a right to live in peace and happiness and plenty and abundance and the joy thereof. (The Gulf Today, November 2008)
Conversations with Adnan Oktar, en.a9.com.tr
Muslims Must Be Pleasant Toward the People of the Book
Adnan Oktar: First, aggression, shouting and screaming are no solution, neither are cowardice or quailing. A Muslim must be rational and act according to the Qur'an and behave according to how the Messenger of God (pbuh) behaved. He must base his behavior on what the Messenger of God (pbuh) did, on how things were in the time of the Companions. The Companions were very pleasantly behaved people. And our Prophet (pbuh) was the finest man of all. His moral values and behavior were perfect and highly consistent. He was very loving and protective toward the People of the Book. They were also highly impressed by our Prophet's (pbuh) moral values and became Muslims in whole groups, entire communities. How could Christians and Jews see his moral values if he never met with them? How could they ever develop such a desire if he did not treat them well? Therefore, as I have already described, every Muslim must learn the perspective adopted toward the People of the Book in the time of the Companions. (Kral Karadeniz TV, 25 January 2010)
The Common Opponents of the Muslims and the People of the Book
Another important fact that draws Christianity, Judaism and Islam together is the atheist philosophies that are so influential in our time.
Among the best-known and most harmful philosophies of our age can be cited materialism, communism, fascism, anarchism, racism, nihilism and existentialism. Many people who believed in the false diagnoses, deceptive descriptions and explanations of these ideas on the universe, society and man, have lost their faith or doubted it. What is more, these ideologies have dragged people, societies and nations into great crises, conflicts and wars. Their share of the blame for the pain and troubles that humanity suffers from today is immense.
While they deny God and creation, all the above-mentioned ideologies are based on a common framework, a so-called scientific basis; Charles Darwin's theory of evolution. Darwinism constitutes the basis of atheist philosophies. This theory briefly claims –without having any scientific basis- that living beings have evolved as a result of coincidences and by means of a struggle for life. Therefore, Darwinism sends this deceptive message to people:
"You are not responsible to anyone, you owe your life to coincidences, you need to struggle, and if necessary to oppress others to succeed. This world is one of conflict and self-interest".
The social messages put across by Darwinist concepts such as "Natural selection", "struggle for life", "survival of the fittest" are a means of dangerous indoctrination. This evil morality advises people to be egoistical, self-seeking, cruel and oppressive. It destroys such virtues as mercy, compassion, self-sacrifice and humility, the moral values of the three great monotheistic religions and presents this as if it is a necessity of "the rules of life."
This Darwinist indoctrination is just the opposite of the beliefs of the People of the Book and the morality of the Qur'an. Consequently, the Darwinist indoctrination constitutes the foundation of a world which inherently opposes all the three divine religions.
This being the case, it is necessary for the People of the Book and Muslims to co-operate, since they believe in God and accept the morality that He teaches. The followers of these three religions should expose to the world the fallacy of Darwinism, which has no scientific basis, but which people are trying to preserve for the sake of materialist philosophy. They should co-operatively carry out an intellectual struggle against all other deceptive ideas (communism, fascism, racism) that serve atheism. Once this is realized, the world will, in a very short time, embrace peace, tranquillity and justice.
Antisemitism is a Racism Totally Contrary to Islam
In our times, antisemitism is an ideology which threatens world peace and targets the well-being and security of innocent people. This is racist hatred felt by some for the Jews.
In the 20th century, antisemitism signed its name to great disasters, one of the most horrible being the cruelty and murder inflicted on the Jews by the Nazis. In addition to this, in many countries authoritarian regimes have targeted Jews and subjected them to cruel treatment. Fascist organisations have harassed Jews and carried out bloody attacks against them.
So how should a Muslim regard antisemitism?
Muslims want Jews, Christians and themselves to live in peace and contentment, treating each other with understanding, friendship, respect and compassion.
The answer is obvious. Every Muslim must oppose anti-Semitism as he would oppose every other racist ideology. He must fight this hateful ideology and protect the rights of Jews, as of everyone else in the world. Every Muslim must recognize and defend the rights of all Jews in the world, be they in Israel or the diaspora, to live and worship in freedom, to protect their own identity and to self-expression.
Never subjecting a community to a blanket criticism is a command stated in the Qur'an, there is a need to distinguish between the righteous and the wicked, the cruel ones and the innocent. In the Qur'an the moral perfection displayed by sincere Jews and Christians is stated as follows:
[However] They are not all alike. Among the People of the Book there is an upright community who recite the revelation of God during the night and fall prostrate before Him. They believe in God and the Last Day, enjoin what is right and forbid what is evil, and vie with one another in good works. They are of the righteous. And whatever good they do, its reward will not be denied them. God knows those who fear [Him]. (Qur'an, 3:113-115)
Antisemitism is an anti-religion ideology that has its roots in neo-paganism. Therefore, it is unthinkable that a Muslim would espouse antisemitism or feel sympathy for this ideology. Anti-Semites have no respect for the Prophet Abraham (pbuh), the Prophet Moses (pbuh) or the Prophet David (pbuh) who were blessed prophets chosen by God to be examples for humanity.
Antisemitism and other kinds of racism (eg. prejudice against blacks) have no place in true religion; they are perversions arising from various ideologies and superstitions.
Furthermore, when we examine antisemitism and other forms of racism, we see clearly that they promote ideas and a model of society that is totally contrary to the moral teachings of the Qur'an, for example, at the root of antisemitism lie hatred, violence, and lack of compassion. An anti-Semite may be so cruel as to support the murder of Jewish people, men, women, children and the aged, and condone their being subjected to torture. However, the moral teaching of the Qur'an enjoins love, compassion and mercy for all people. It also commands Muslims to show justice and be forgiving even to their enemies.
On the other hand, anti-Semites and other kinds of racists are opposed to living together in peace with people of a different race or creed. (eg. German racists (Nazis) were opposed to Germans and Jews living together) However, in the Qur'an, there is not the slightest distinction between races; the Qur'an advises that people of different faiths live together in the same society in peace and happiness.
According to the Qur'an, Muslims, Jews and Christians Must Live in Friendship
In the Qur'an, there is a significant difference between the People of the Book and those who have no belief in God. This is especially emphasised in the area of social life. For example, it is said concerning those who associate others with God: "(they) are unclean, so after this year they should not come near the Sacred Mosque." (Qur'an, 9:28) Those who associate others with God are people who know no divine law, have no moral precepts and who can commit every kind of degrading and perverse deed without hesitation.
But the People of the Book, while they rely basically on God's revelation, have moral precepts and know what is lawful and what is not. In the same way, permission has been given to a Muslim man to marry a woman from among the People of the Book. On this subject God commands:
Today all good things have been made lawful for you. And the food of those given the Book is also lawful for you and your food is lawful for them. So are chaste women from among the believers and chaste women of those given the Book before you, once you have given them their dowries in marriage, not in fornication or taking them as lovers. But as for anyone who disbelieves, his actions will come to nothing and in the hereafter he will be among the losers. (Qur'an, 5:5)
These commands show that bonds of kinship may be established as a result of the marriage of a Muslim with a woman from the People of the Book and that those on each side of the union can accept an invitation to a meal. These are the fundamentals that will ensure the establishment of equitable human relationships and a happy communal life. Since the Qur'an enjoins this equitable and compassionate attitude, it is unthinkable that a Muslim could take an opposing view.
The just and compassionate practices of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) towards the people of the Book set very good examples to Muslims. In the contract made with the Christians of Najran, who lived in the south of Arabia, the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) demonstrates one of the best examples of compassion and justice. The contract included the following article:
The lives of the people of Najran and its surrounding area, their religion, their land, property, cattle and those of them who are present or absent, their messengers and their places of worship are under the protection of God and guardianship of His Prophet.19
By means of such contracts, the Messenger of God (pbuh) secured a social order for Muslims and the People of the Book alike, which was marked by peace and security. This order was a total manifestation of the following verse:
Those who believe, those who are Jews, and the Christians and Sabaeans, all who believe in God and the Last Day and act rightly, will have their reward with their Lord. They will feel no fear and will know no sorrow. (Qur'an, 2:62)
The Constitution of Madinah is the most important contract that secured justice and peace among Christians, Jews and pagan communities.
The Constitution of Madinah was prepared under the leadership of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 1,400 years ago, that is in 622 AD, to meet the needs of people of different beliefs, and was put into practice as a written legal contract. Different communities of different religions and races that had harboured deep-seated enmity towards one another for 120 years became parties to this legal contract. By means of this contract, the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) showed that conflicts between those societies, who had been enemies and quite unable to reach any form of compromise, could come to an end, and they could actually live side by side.
According to the Constitution of Madinah, everyone was free to adhere to any belief or religion or to make any political or philosophical choice. People sharing the same views could come together and form a community. Everyone was free to exercise his own justice system. However, anyone who committed a crime would be protected by no one. The parties to the contract would engage in co-operation with one another, provide support for each other, and would remain under the protection of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Conflicts between the parties would be brought to the Messenger of God (pbuh).
At the time of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), a just and compassionate policy was practised in relation to the People of the Book.
This contract was in force from 622 to 632 AD. Through this document, the tribal structures which had formerly been based on blood and kinship were abolished, and people of different cultural, ethnical and geographical backgrounds came together and formed a social unity. The Constitution of Madinah secured absolute religious freedom.
Monasteries, Churches and Synagogues Must Be Respected
Another important fact we learn from the Qur'an is that Muslims must respect Jewish and Christian places of worship. In the Qur'an, the places of worship of the People of the Book, ie. monasteries, churches and synagogues, are mentioned as places of worship protected by God.
… if God had not driven some people back by means of others, monasteries, churches, synagogues and mosques, where God's name is mentioned much, would have been pulled down and destroyed. God will certainly help those who help Him – God is All-Strong, Almighty. (Qur'an, 22:40 )
This verse shows every Muslim the importance of respecting and protecting the holy places of the People of the Book.
Indeed, the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) also made contracts with pagans as well as the people of the Book. Pagans were always treated with justice, and when they asked to be taken under protection, their requests were readily accepted by Muhammad (pbuh). This meant that these communities sought the protection of the Messenger of God (pbuh) in the face of an attack or a wrongful accusation. Throughout his life, many non-Muslims and pagans requested protection from the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), and he took them under his protection and ensured their security. In the Qur'an God advises that requests of pagans seeking protection be accepted by believers. Of this, God says the following:
If any of the idolaters ask you for protection, give them protection until they have heard the words of God. Then convey them to a place where they are safe... (Qur'an, 9:6)
All believers must pray for one another and be at unity.
Jews and Christians, due to their shared commonalities with Muslims are much closer to Muslims than those who have no faith in God. Each of these religions has its book, that is, they are subject to a book sent down by God. They know what is right and what is wrong, what is lawful and what is unlawful according to their scriptures, and all revere the prophets and messengers that accompanied them. They all believe in a hereafter, and afterlife where they will have to give an account to God for all their actions. So, there is a shared foundation from where we all can unite upon.
Rallying to a Common Formula
Concerning the People of the Book, God gives Muslims a command in the Qur'an; to rally to a common formula:
Say, "O People of the Book! Let us rally to a common formula to be binding on both us and you: That we worship none but God; that we associate no partners with Him; that we erect not, from among ourselves, Lords and patrons other than God." (Qur'an, 3:64)
This is indeed our call to Christians and Jews: As people who believe in God and follow His revelations, let us rally to a common formula – "faith". Let us love God, Who is our Creator and Lord, and follow His commands. And let us pray to God to lead us to an even straighter path.
When Muslims, Christians and Jews rally to a common formula this way; when they understand that they are friends not enemies, when they see that the real enemy is the denial of God, then the world will become a very different place. The wars in many parts of the world, enmities, fears and terrorist attacks will come to an end, and a new civilisation based on love, respect and peace will be established upon this "common formula".
There are important facts to consider for Muslims. What God teaches us in the Qur'an about different peoples and creeds is clear:
It is evident that some of the Jews who lived in the past have committed many errors which are stated and criticized in the Qur'an. But all this must not be taken by Muslims as a cause to feel hostility against all Jews. The crime committed by some Jews because of atheist ideologies cannot be ascribed to Judaism and the Jewish nation.
The evils in the world will come to an end when Muslims, Christians and Jews all worship God in unity, tolerating their differences of faith.
Again a basic vantage point prescribed in the Qur'an is not to make judgements about people just because they belong to a particular race, nation or religion. In every community, there are good people as well as wicked people. This differentiation is stated in the Qur'an. For instance, right after mentioning the rebellious nature – against God and His religion – of some people among Jews and Christians, there is reference to an exception and, said thus:
[However] They are not all alike. Among the People of the Book there is an upright community who recite the revelation of God during the night and fall prostrate before Him. They believe in God and the Last Day, enjoin what is right and forbid what is evil, and vie with one another in good works. They are of the righteous and whatever good they do, its reward will not be denied them. God knows those who fear [Him]. (Qur'an, 3:113-115)
After the attacks of September 11, people of every language and religion prayed to God in empathy and solidarity.
a) Muzammil Siddiqui, the President of the Islamic Society of North America, recited verses from the Qur'an at the Washington National Cathedral memorial service held in the aftermath of September 11.
b) Bush's visit to the Islamic Center in Washingon.
c) Above: Muslims and non- Muslims prayed together in a service in Dallas. Side: President Bush prayed next to a Muslim imam during a prayer service at the Washington National Cathedral.
In another verse, God commands:
We sent a Messenger among every people saying: "Worship God and keep clear of all false gods." Among them were some whom God guided but others received the misguidance they deserved. Travel about the earth and see the final fate of the deniers. (Qur'an, 16:36)
God revealed to all messengers that He is the Unique and that there is no one but Him Whom people must worship, serve and obey. The divine message, conveyed to the people by God through His messengers, has been communicated to people since the creation of man. Some societies have accepted the message and followed the right path while others have denied and swerved from it. This also holds true for the present day. Some people will side with the righteous, whereas some others will plunge into mischief. This is the law of God. Those who believe should also adopt such an outlook and never forget that there may be sincere, pious people who have fear of God among the members of all religions as well as those who are far removed from the religious tenets.
Our hope is that a world will be established in which people will be able to live together in peace, no matter what race or religion they belong to, in which every racist perversion will be rejected, everyone's rights will be safeguarded and everyone will be respected. The struggle that will have to take place on intellectual grounds against all anti-religious ideologies will hopefully establish the peace that has been longed for. Of this God relates the following in the Qur'an:
Those who disbelieve are the friends and protectors of one another. If you do not act in this way (be friends and protectors of one another) there will be turmoil in the land and great corruption. (Qur'an, 8:73)
Would that there had been more people with a vestige of good among the generations of those who came before you, who forbade corruption in the earth, other than the few among them whom We saved. Those who did wrong gladly pursued the life of luxury that they were given and were evildoers. (Qur'an, 11:116)
Conversations with Adnan Oktar, en.a9.com.tr
God Even Wants Us to Forgive a Murderer
Adnan Oktar: About America considering (Muslims) as terrorists; there are two reasons; first of all, there is no terror in Islam, this is very obvious. Islam means love, compassion, mercy, forgiveness; even God wants us to forgive the murderer. There is the concept of retaliation for murder in the Qur'an but God says that it is more auspicious if we forgive. It would be very unwise to see the traces of terror in a religion that imparts this. Almighty God even wants us to forgive a murderer; this is a religion of peace and love. There is forgiveness everywhere in Islam; there is forgiveness in everything. Forgive, command what is good and forbid what is evil. Love, mercy, compassion and cooperation; they are all explained throughout [the Qur'an]. But also there are terrorists who engage in terrorism. He acts ignorantly and bombs civilians, for instance. He bombs a place where there are women and children. Is he a Muslim? It is open to question. I don't know if such type of people are Muslims. First of all it would be illogical to call them first Muslims and then to lament terrors carried out by a Muslim. First of all we need to determine whether these people are Muslims or not. In my opinion, if a person recklessly dares to kill a child, he can't be a Muslim. This is not something acceptable. Darwinist, materialist and Marxist young people consider Islam to be more interesting in time but they remain as Marxists or Darwinists. They carry out acts of communist terrorism in the name of Islam. That is to say, whatever he does as a communist, he does it in the name of Islam and he claims that it is more legitimate. The fact is however he has desire for terror and for violence in his soul. If he does not call himself a Muslim, he already carries out such acts as a Marxist. If not, as a fascist. He does it in all cases. That is to say, he has a sick soul. For this reason saying that there is terror in islam is having a flawed understanding towards islam. This is a grave error. Islam is the religion of peace as we can also understand from the meaning of the word 'islam' which is peace. For this reason nobody of sound mind would ever accept it. (Denge TV, 9 December 2008)
Adnan Oktar: How can terror exist in islam? Islam is water while terror is the fire. Islam is the water that extinguishes fire. Would fire burn water? Water extinguishes fire. Consequently since love, compassion, mercy, respect, deep thinking, sincerity, cooperation are in the essence of religion, it is unlikely for religion to support terror. This is absent in the structure of Islam. Indeed, when someone murders a person, God states the murderer to be forgiven. God says that it is more auspicious if he is forgiven. Can such a religion ever support terrorism? (Associated Press Of Pakistan, 6 September 2008)
The Prophet Muhammad's (Pbuh) Understanding and Loving Morality
Our Prophet's (pbuh) gentle consideration
Our Prophet (pbuh) was in constant contact with all sections of society and spoke to everyone, from those at the very pinnacle of power to prisoners of war, children and orphans. With people of all different social standings, lifestyles, natures and customs, he established positive dialogues, winning their affection and treating them all with kind patience and pleasant understanding.
As reported by those companions who were close to him, our Prophet (pbuh) was "most kind, morally above reproach, graceful, amiable and considerate." His words, "I have been sent to perfect good qualities of character" (Miskhat Shareef) are an expression of his lofty nature. Aisha, who knew him very well, described his pleasant morality in the following words: "The Prophet's (pbuh) nature was the Qur'an." (Sahih Muslim Hadith)
Anas, who was brought up in the Prophet's (pbuh) house and served him for years, describes his courtesy in these terms:
God's Messenger (pbuh), when he shook hands with anyone, he did not withdraw his hands till the other man withdrew his. Similarly, he did not turn away his face from anyone till that man turned his face to the other side. And he was never seen to put forward his knees in front of one with whom he was sitting. (Maulana Muhammad Manzoor No'mani, Ma'ariful Hadith, (Meaning and Message of the Traditions), Darul – Ishaat Publications, Karachi, Volume 4, p.334)
Whenever one spoke to him the other would keep quiet and listen till he would finish. (Shamaa-il Tirmidhi Contents, (334) Hadith Number 9)
Anas bin Malik (ra) says, 'I remained in the service of the Messenger of God (pbuh) for ten years. He never once spoke me a word of contempt. When I did something, he never asked me. "Why did you do so?" When I did not do a certain task, he never asked me why I did not do it. (Shamaa-il Tirmidhi, Islamic Book Service Publications, New Delhi, 2000, Islamic Book Service, New Delhi, 2000, p. 362)
Throughout his life, our Prophet (pbuh) educated thousands of people. Through his influence, people who knew nothing about religion came to be considerate, willing to make sacrifices, have a pleasing attitude and possess a superior morality. Even now, centuries after his death, our Prophet (pbuh) remains the very best guide and teacher, whose words and morality continue to inspire billions.
Our Prophet (pbuh) advised the faithful to be full of love
Our Prophet (pbuh) declared it was particularly important for the faithful to love one another with sincere affection, taking no account of personal interests, and never to harbor negative emotions like hatred, anger or jealousy.
In the Qur'an, God commands His Prophet (pbuh) to say the following:
That is the good news which God gives to His servants who believe and do right actions. Say: "I do not ask you for any wage for this–except for you to love your near of kin. If anyone does a good action, We will increase the good of it for him. God is Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Thankful." (Qur'an, 42:23)
Some hadiths regarding our Prophet's (pbuh) affection, friendship and brotherhood read:
A believer loves for others what he loves for himself. ((Imam Ghazzali's Ihya Ulum-Id-Din The Book of Religious Learnings), Islamic Book Service, New Delhi, 2001,Volume III, p.68)
God's Apostle (pbuh) used to accept gifts and used to give something in return. (Sahih Bukhari, Islamic Book Service Publications, New Delhi, 2002,Volume III, p. 597)
He who is presented with a flower of sweet basil should not reject it, because it is light in weight and pleasant in odor. (Riyad-us-Saliheen, Volume 2, Compiled by Al-Imam Abu Zakariya Yahya bin Sharaf An-Nawawi Ad-Dimashqi, p. 1330)
Don't hate one another, don't envy one another don't sell over the sale to another, don't dispute with one another and don't back-bite one another. The servants of God are brethren to one another. (Imam Ghazzali's Ihya Ulum-Id-Din (The Book of Religious Learnings), Islamic Book Service, New Delhi, 2001,Volume III, p.124)
The habits of earlier generations have attacked you–envy and hatred. Hatred is shaving. You will not enter Paradise till you believe. You will not believe till you love one another. Shall I not inform you what thing will establish you on it? Spread peace among you. (Imam Ghazzali's Ihya Ulum-Id-Din (The Book of Religious Learnings), Islamic Book Service, New Delhi, 2001,Volume III, p.167)
The strong man is not the one who is strong in wrestling, but the one who controls himself in anger. (Sahih Bukhari Hadith)
Beware of envy, for envy devours good [deeds] as fire devours firewood. (Abu Dawud Hadith)
Muslims are brothers to one another. They should neither cheat, lie, nor humiliate each other. (Tirmidhi Hadith)
Our Prophet (pbuh) commanded justice
With the rules he gave to the Muslims; with his just and understanding attitude towards other religions, languages, races and tribes and in his equal treatment of everybody, rich and poor, our Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is a great example to all of mankind. In one verse, God tells him "But if you do judge, judge between them justly. God loves the just." (Qur'an, 5:42). The Prophet (pbuh) never made the slightest concession on that justice, not even under the most difficult conditions.
Many incidents from his life bear witness to the Prophet's (pbuh) exemplary attitude. In the land where he lived, a variety of religions, races and tribes all lived together. These communities found it very difficult to live together in peace and security, much less restrain those who wanted to sow dissent. However, our Prophet's (pbuh) justice was a source of peace and security, as much for these non-believers as it was for Muslims. During his lifetime, everyone on the Arabian Peninsula— Christian, Jew or pagan—was treated justly, with no discrimination.
Our Prophet's (pbuh) pleasing attitude, in conformity with the Qur'an, sets an example for those of different religions and shows how they should behave to one another. His justice brought about compromise between people of different races. In many of his addresses, even in his Farewell Sermon, he made it known that no one's race or class endowed him with any superiority. This lay only in godliness, as God has revealed in the Qur'an: "Mankind! We created you from a male and female, and made you into peoples and tribes so that you might come to know each other. The noblest among you in God's Sight is the one with the most piety. God is All-Knowing, All-Aware." (Qur'an, 49:13) The hadiths on this subject say:
You are sons of Adam, and Adam came from dust. Let the people cease to boast about their ancestors. (Sunan Abu Dawud, Book 41, Number 5097)
These genealogies of yours are not a reason to revile anyone. You are all children of Adam. No one has any superiority over another, except in religion and taqwa [faithfulness]. (Ahmad, 158/4)
Our Prophet (pbuh) always favored peace
Our Prophet (pbuh) never desired war and over the years he made great efforts to spread Islam by peaceful means. He was patient in the face of severe assaults and pressure. Only when dealing with such pressure became imperative did he give permission for war, in the light of a revelation from God. He never declared war so long as there was still the slightest possibility of peace, and as long as an enemy's attacks and pressure represented no mortal danger.
During our Prophet's (pbuh) lifetime, the Mu'tah Expedition was the bloodiest and most difficult waged by the Muslims. He appointed Zayd ibn Harithah to command the army and admonished the troops:
Wage war in the name of God, on the path of God, against those who deny God. Engage in no treachery. Do not cut off ears and noses and other parts of the body. Do not kill women and children, the elderly, and men of religion in their places of worship. Do not cut down date and other trees, and do not tear down buildings. (Bukhari)
Based on the prophetic orders on war, the following principles, which may be called "The Islamic Principles of Combat", are outlined by Muslim scholars:
The Treaty of Medina, signed by our Prophet (pbuh) and the Jewish and polytheist communities in the city, was also an important example of justice and mutual respect between different communities. The treaty, drawn up to establish a kind of constitution between communities of different beliefs and allowing each one to observe its own principles, brought peace to those who for years had been hostile to one another.
One of its most striking features was how it enshrined freedom of belief. The article on that subject reads:
The Jews of Banu 'Awf are one nation with the Muslims; the Jews have their religion, and the Muslims have theirs… (The Constitution of Madina, http://www.islamic-study.org/jews-prophet-p.-2.htm)
Article 16 of the Treaty of Medina reads, "The Jew who follows us is surely entitled to our support and the same equal rights as any one of us. He shall not be wronged nor his enemy be assisted." The Prophet's (pbuh) successors stayed loyal to that rule he agreed to, extending it even to Berbers, Buddhists, Hindu Brahmans and those of other beliefs.
One reason why the time of the Prophet (pbuh) was blessed with peace and security was his position of justice, so in line with the morality of the Qur'an. Foreign writers, too, have been impressed by his superior character and praise our Prophet's (pbuh) morality in their works.
In his book The Genuine Islam, George Bernard Shaw described these superior traits:
"I have always held the religion of Muhammad in high estimation because of its wonderful vitality. It is the only religion which appears to me to possess that assimilating capacity to the changing phase of existence which can make itself appeal to every age. I have studied him ... he must be called the Savior of Humanity. I believe that if a man like him were to assume the dictatorship of the modern world, he would succeed in solving its problems in a way that would bring it the much needed peace and happiness..." (Sir George Bernard Shaw in 'The Genuine Islam,' 1936, http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Forum/9192 /mainquote2.html#shaw)
In our own time as well, abiding by the Qur'an's morality is the only answer to all the conflicts, fighting, and instability of the world. Like our Prophet (pbuh), never we should depart from the path of justice, and should always respect the rights of different communities and individuals, whatever their beliefs and identities may be.
Our Prophet's (Pbuh) Affectionate, Protective and Loving Attitude Toward the People of the Book
Our Prophet (pbuh) gave the Najran Christians permission to worship in the Masjid-i Nabawi
"A Christian Najran delegation came to Medina at the time of the afternoon prayer and entered the Masjid-i Nabawai. Arriving when our Prophet (pbuh) and his people were still peforming the afternoon prayer, the Christians turned to the East and prepared to worship. SOME COMPANIONS WISHED TO PREVENT THEM WORSHIPING, BUT THE PROPHET (PBUH) COMMANDED THAT THEY BE LEFT ALONE AND PERMITTED TO WORSHIP." (Tabarî, Ibn Kathir, Razî, Qurtubî; Qur'an, 3:1-61; Part of these commentaries dealt with the beginning of the Surah, and some with the 61st verse, known as the mubahala verse).(Hamidullah, The Prophet of Islam, trans.: Salih Tug, Ankara 2003, I, 920; Saricam, The Prophet Muhammad and His Universal Message, 278.)
Our Prophet (pbuh) spread out his cloak for the Najran Christians to sit on during their visit
In addition, according to some accounts, our Prophet (pbuh) attended their weddings, visited their sick, and was generous to them. THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD (PBUH) EVEN SPREAD OUT HIS CLOAK SO THAT THE CHRISTIANS OF NAJRAN WHO CAME TO VISIT HIM COULD SIT ON IT.
Our Prophet (pbuh) said that the People of the Book were entrusted to Muslims
In the agreement which our Holy Prophet (pbuh) decreed the articles to Ibn Harris ibn Ka'b, who is a Christian, and other Christians: "THE RELIGION, CHURCHES, LIVES, CHASTITY AND PROPERTY OF THE ENTIRE CHRISTIANS LIVING IN THE EAST AND THE WEST ARE UNDER THE PROTECTION OF GOD, HIS PROPHET (PBUH) AND ALL THE BELIEVERS. None of the people embracing the religion of Christianity will be forced to accept Islam. If one of the Christians suffers murder or injustice, Muslims are obliged to help him," he narrated the verse: "Only argue with the People of the Book in the kindest way…" (Qur'an, 29:46) (Ibn Hisham, Abu Muhammad Abdu'l-Malik, (v.218/834), as-Seerat an-Nabaweeyat, Daru't-Turasi'l-Arabiyye, Beirut, 1396/1971, IV/241-242; Hamidullah, Al-Wasaiq, s.154-155, No.96-97; Doğu Batı kaynaklarında birlikte yaşama, "Living together in Eastern and Western sources, p. 95)
Our Prophet (pbuh) made the homes of the Companions available for visiting members of the People of the Book to stay in
In the time of our Prophet (pbuh) envoys and delegations visited Medina in groups. Sometimes these groups – including the People of the Book – would stay for more than 10 days, such that the houses of some people such as Abdurrahman ibn Awf, Mugire ibn Sube, Abu Ayyub al-Ansarî and Ansar were made available for them. In addition, a tent pitched near the Masjid and where the People of Suffa, who acquired knowledge around the Masjid al-Nabawi, stayed would be prepared for the visitors.Our Prophet (pbuh) would give documents of privilege (written commands and instructions setting out rights and privileges bestowed on certain groups and individuals in agreements with foreigners)and official texts notifying the lands set aside for them. He would apppoint governors from among them to some regions. Again, in sending alms officials to Muslims, the Holy Messenger would also appoint Christians as non-Muslims capitation tax officials. In fact, these official delegations that arrived were all evidence of the whole Arabian peninsula's acceptance of the Prophet Muhammad's (pbuh) prophethood and dominion. (Saricam, The Prophet Muhammad and His Universal Message, 356.)
On Matters That Were Not Revealed, Our Prophet (pbuh) Would Act According To The Behavior Of The People Of The Book, Not The Pagans Of Mecca
In Mecca, the Messenger of God (pbuh) opposed the Meccan pagans on subjects on which there had been no revelation, AND ACTED IN THE LIGHT OF THE BEHAVIOR OF THE POEOPLE OF THE BOOK.(Bukhârî, al-Libâs 70; Muslim, al-Fadâ'il 90)
Our Prophet (pbuh) sent Companions on hejira to the Christian Najashi
The first Christian country that attracted the interest of our Prophet (pbuh) before the Hejira and that he desired Muslims to migrate to was Abyssinia. In the face of the ruthless tortures and oppression on the part of the pagans of Mecca, the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) desired the Muslims of Mecca to migrate to Abyssinia and he expressed those feeling in these words: "If you wish and have the means, seek shelter in Abyssinia. BECAUSE NOBODY IS PERSECUTED IN THE LANDS OF THE KING WHO RULES THERE. THAT IS A TRUE AND SAFE PLACE. STAY THERE UNTIL GOD MAKES THINGS EASIER." (MuhammadHamîdullah, al-Wasaik al-Siyasiyya, (trans.Vecdi Akyuz), Kitabevi, Istanbul 1997,p.115; Hamîdullah, The Prophet of Islam, I,297.)
Our Prophet (pbuh) rose to his feet as the funeral procession of a Jew came past
Narrated Jabir ibn 'Abdullah: A funeral procession passed in front of us and the Prophet stood up and we too stood up. We said, "O God's Apostle! This is the funeral procession of a Jew."He said, "Whenever you see a funeral procession, you should stand up."(Sahih Bukhari, Volume 2, Book 23, Number 398)
Narrated 'Abdur Rahman bin Abi Laila: Sahl bin Hunaif and Qais bin Sad were sitting in the city of Al-Qadisiya. A funeral procession passed in front of them and they stood up. They were told that funeral procession was of one of the inhabitants of the land i.e. of a non-believer, under the protection of Muslims. They said, "A funeral procession passed in front of the Prophet and he stood up. When he was told that it was the coffin of a Jew, he said, "Is it not a living being (soul)?" (Sahih Bukhari, Volume 2, Book 23, Number 399)
Our Prophet (pbuh) commanded that Dhimmis (non-Muslims) should not be oppressed
Our Prophet (pbuh) said: "Whoever oppresses a dhimmi or burdens a weight over him more than he can carry, I will be his enemy."
Our Prophet (pbuh) used to speak with Christians when the prophethood first came to him
... God's Apostle returned with the Inspiration and with his heart beating severely. Then he went to Khadija bint Khuwailid ... Khadija then accompanied him to her cousin Waraqa bin Naufal bin Asad bin 'Abdul 'Uzza, who, during the Pre-Islamic Period became a Christian and used to write the writing with Hebrew letters. He would write from the Gospel in Hebrew as much as God wished him to write. ... (Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 1, Number 3)
Our Prophet (pbuh) allowed nobody to interfere in anyone else's religion
Our Prophet (pbuh) implemented the verse La ikraha fee alddeeni"There is no compulsion in the religion," (Qur'an, 2:256) referring to frredom to choose one's faith, and in the year 630 he issued the following command to the envoys of the ruler of Himyar in order to notify them that they were Muslims:
"A Jew or a Christian are legally equal to believers if they are Muslims. WHOEVER WISHES TO REMAIN A JEW OR A CHRISTIAN, NOBODY SHALL INTERFERE WITH THEM."(Ibn Hishâm, as-Sîra, II, 586)
Our Prophet (pbuh) personally did business with Jews
One of the values on which the Messenger of God (pbuh) based his relationships with people is honesty. The fact that someone in whom he perceived thayt virtue was from another faith did not prevent him establishing business relations with them. He personally took foodstuffs and loans from the Jews of Medina.
When the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) died,the assets for the repayment of a loan he had received from a Jew were in an armored chest.
The affection our Prophet (pbuh) showed the Jews during the capture of Haybar
Among the spoils following the capture of Haybar were copies of the Torah in scroll form. The Prophet (pbuh) removed these texts from the spoils and ordered that they be restored to the Jews.
Again following the capture of Haybar, Muslim troops began eating from the vineyards and date gardens belonging to the Jews. The Jews complained to our Prophet (pbuh). And our Prophet (pbuh) commanded that nobody touches the belongings, vineyards or gardens belonging to the people of the region.
Through the constitution of Medina our Prophet (pbuh) said that nobody should interfere with the Jews' religion
The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) allowed the Jews to become a party to the Constitution of Madinah signed with the Aws and Khazraj clans, which permitted them to continue living as a separate religious community. The basis for Muslims' compassion and understanding of the Jews' faith and traditions was laid down in the following article: "THE JEWS OF BANU AWF [NON-MUSLIM MINORITIES] ARE A COMMUNITY ALONG WITH THE BELIEVERS. TO THE JEWS THEIR RELIGION, AND TO THE MUSLIM THEIR RELIGION."
The Compact of Medina, signed by the Muslim immigrants from Mecca, the indigenous Muslims of Medina and the Jews of Medina is another important example of justice. An article of this constitution reads:
"The Jews of Banu 'Awf are one nation with the Muslims; THE JEWS HAVE THEIR RELIGION AND THE MUSLIMS HAVE THEIRS…"
Article 16 of the treaty reads: "The Jew who follows us is surely entitled to our support and the same equal rights as any one of us. He shall not be wronged nor his enemy be assisted."
The Prophet's (pbuh) companions remained true to that article in the treaty, even after his death, and even practiced it with regard to Berbers, Buddhists, Brahmans and people of other beliefs.
The agreement our Prophet (pbuh) made with the Christians of Najran said that they were under Muslims' protection
The privileges that the Prophet (pbuh) granted the People of the Book in the settlements of Adruh, Maqna, Khaybar, Najran, and Aqaba prove that Muslims both guaranteed these non-Muslims' lives and property and recognized their freedom of belief and worship. The following articles of the agreement between our Prophet (pbuh) and the Christians of Najran need to be pointed out:
TO THE CHRISTIANS OF NAJRAN AND THE NEIGHBORING TERRITORIES, THE SECURITY OF GOD AND PLEDGE OF HIS PROPHET ARE EXTENDED FOR THEIR LIVES, THEIR RELIGION, AND THEIR PROPERTY - TO THOSE PRESENT AS WELL AS THOSE ABSENT AND OTHERS BESIDES;
No bishop shall be removed from his bishopric, nor any monk from his monastery, nor any priest from his priesthood, and they shall continue to enjoy everything great and small as heretofore... They shall not oppress or be oppressed. If anyone demands his right from you, justice will be maintained between you.Neither you will be oppressed, nor will you be allowed to oppress others.
Our Prophet (pbuh) bestowed many agreements on the People of the Book
Various agreements made at the time of our Prophet (pbuh) granted the Jewish and Christian communities certain privileges that guaranteed their rights and existence. The privileges granted to the monks of the St. Catherine Monastery at Mt. Sinai are examples of this. These documents guaranteed the legal, religious, and social rights of those Jews and Christians who came under Muslim rule or acknowledged Islam's sovereignty. Problems were resolved by referring to these documents.For example, the history books mention that the Christians in Damascus presented the documents recording their privileges to Caliph Umar when they encountered a problem and asked him to resolve the issue accordingly.
Conversations with Adnan Oktar , en.a9.com.tr
Muslims Must Adopt the Attitudes of Our Prophet (pbuh) as Role Models
Adnan Oktar: This stems from a difference of interpretation. Someone who has fully internalized the Qur'an, who fully understands the Qur'an, who loves God and has a huge passion for God is literally drunk on love. He loves God and looks at everything with love. He will never want to destroy, bomb or tear anything apart. Islam is based on winning people over. You win the other person over, and if you do not, he is free to persist in his own beliefs. It is clear there can be no compulsion in the religion. If you force someone to convert, he will become a hypocrite. A hypocrite is someone who will go to the lowest level of hell, the vilest creature possible. He is someone who has turned into a machine producing the vilest entities. So one must encourage people to be honest. If he does not believe, he must honestly say he does not believe, and that person is to be respected. All people are to be respected, because that is how God has created them and that is their destiny. You tell them the truth, and if he can understand he will understand, and if not, then he will not.
A person must defend himself in the same way that our Prophet (pbuh) did, as God sets out in the Qur'an. But to go and bomb women and children and leave them covered in blood, that is the vilest thing in my view, dishonest and a violation of good conscience. It is vile, nothing else. What kind of victory is it to leave women and children covered in blood? It is nothing more than wickedness. Because war has its own rules. You declare war and the other side say they are at war with you.
States declare war and you go to war, and whomever God bestows the victory on wins. The defeat are made captive and regarded as being under the control of the other side. Apart from that, you come to an agreement with the other side to live in peace, you make an agreement as a state, but if you then suddenly say I am going back on that agreement and am going to bomb you, to bomb women and children, then that is a violation of conscience, reason, faith and the Qur'an, obviously. Did our Prophet (pbuh) do any such thing? No. (Azerbaijan Ayna, 8 August 2008)