Chapter 17. Evolutionists' Confessions Stating that Complex Organs cannot Appear by Way of Evolution
How could highly complex organs such as the eye, lung and wings have emerged gradually during the evolutionary process? That is one of the greatest dilemmas facing evolutionists, who leave it unanswered. These interconnected structures, one of which serves no purpose in the absence of another, cannot emerge in stages, as evolutionists claim. Organs possessing such a characteristic, known as irreducible complexity in the scientific literature, will become functionless if any one of their components is missing.
The eye, for example, consists of some forty different organelles and will be unable to see if any one of those forty-the retina, for instance-is absent. That being so, in order for an eye to function, all these forty organelles must all come into being, together with the other systems that make sight possible-and that can only happen by way of creation.
Contrary to what evolutionists claim, it is impossible for the eye to have formed as the result of these organelles all emerging, one by one, over millions of years. Because in the absence of just one organelle, an eye that's unable to see will, to use an evolutionist term, become vestigial and disappear before it even fully forms. This also applies to all other complex structures. Confronted by this scientific reality, evolutionists try to prevent the issue from being raised or else, as you shall see below, feel forced into making confessions on the subject.
Darwin himself was one of the first to realize this predicament, and admitted that even thinking about the eye and other complex organs gave him a "cold shudder":
The eye to this day gives me a cold shudder.343
I remember well the time when the thought of the eye made me cold all over, but I have got over this stage of the complaint, and now small trifling particulars of structure often make me very uncomfortable. The sight of a feather in a peacock's tail, whenever I gaze at it, makes me sick.344
To recur to the eye. I really think it would have been dishonest, not to have faced the difficulty.345
If it could be demonstrated that any complex organ existed, which could not possibly have been formed by numerous, successive, slight modifications, my theory would absolutely break down.346
Although we must be extremely cautious in concluding that any organ could not have been produced by successive, small, transitional gradations, yet undoubtedly serious cases of difficulty occur. One of the most serious is that of neuter insects, which are often differently constructed from either the males or fertile females; but this case will be treated of in the next chapter. The electric organs of fishes offer another case of special difficulty; for it is impossible to conceive by, what steps these wondrous organs have been produced.347
Finally then, although in many cases it is most difficult even to conjecture by what transitions organs have arrived at their present state; yet, considering how small the proportion of living and known forms is to the extinct and unknown, I have been astonished how rarely an organ can be named, towards which no transitional grade is known to lead. It certainly is true, that new organs appearing as if created for some special purpose, rarely or never appear in any being; as indeed is shown by that old, but somewhat exaggerated, canon in natural history of "Natura non facit saltum." [Nature does not make leaps].348
California University professor of biology Christopher Wills states in The Wisdom of the Genes:
Hoimar Von Ditfurth is a German professor of neurology and a well-known evolutionist science writer:
Richard Dawkins is a British zoologist and one of the leading contemporary evolutionists:
Prof. Russell Doolittle is professor of biochemistry at the University of California in San Diego:
From a letter that Sir Charles Lyell, a renowned mid-19th century geologist, wrote to Darwin:
A letter to Darwin from Asa Gray, an American botanist of the 19th century and one of his best friends:
Hoimar Von Ditfurth:
Frank B. Salisbury is professor and head of the Department of Plant Science at Utah State University:
Professor Ali Demirsoy is a biologist at Hacettepe University in Turkey and specializes in zoogeography:
Prof. Cemal Yıldırım, a Turkish evolutionist, is Professor of Philosophy at Middle East Technical University:
Ernst Mayr is one of the 20th century's leading evolutionary biologists:
Evolutionists have had to admit their helplessness in the face of the extraordinarily complex structure of the eye. But the really important fact that inflicts the greatest defeat on evolutionists in terms of the eye is that IT IS NOT THE EYE THAT SEES AT ALL. The photon strikes the eye and an electric signal goes from the eye to the brain. The electric signal departs the eye and arrives at an area of the brain no larger than a lentil known as the visual cortex. And the image forms in that lentil-sized space. THERE IS AN EYE that sees the images that forms there. AND ‘THAT’ IS THE REALLY PERFECT EYE. That eye sees the electricity reaching it. And with a flawless perception of depth and vividity, in moving three dimension and bright color. Yet that area itself is pitch-dark.
IT IS OUR SOULS that watch the fast-moving, colored and three-dimensional world on the outside inside our brains. The soul is entirely metaphysical and cannot be explained in terms of any material concept. That is why materialists, who seek to account for everything in material terms, atheists and evolutionists are in such a state of panic. The soul bestowed by Almighty Allah utterly demolishes and eradicates Darwinism and all kinds of intellectual systems espoused by Darwinists. (For more detail, see The Soul, Darwin’s Dilemma, by Harun Yahya)
343- Francis Darwin, The Life and Letters of Charles Darwin, Vol. II, p. 67.
344- Ibid., p. 90.
345- Ibid., p. 84.
346- Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species, Chapter VI, "Difficulties of the Theory."
349- Charles Darwin, Origin of Species, New York: New York University Press, p. 151.
350- Ibid., p. 198.
351- Christopher Wills, The Wisdom of the Genes, Istanbul; Sarmal Yayınevi, March 1997, pp. 151-152.
352- Engin Korur, "Gozlerin ve Kanatlarin Sirri" ["The Secret of Eyes and Wings"], Bilim ve Teknik, No. 203, October 1984, p. 25.
353- Hoimar Von Ditfurth, Dinozorlar›n Sessiz Gecesi 2 ["The Silent Nights of the Dinosaurs 2"], p. 126.
354- Richard Dawkins, River Out of Eden, New York: Basic Books, 1995, p. 83.
355- Michael Behe, Darwin's Black Box, Free Press; 2nd Rev. Ed edition (March 7, 2006), p. 91.
356- Francis Darwin, The Life and Letters of Charles Darwin, Vol. II, p. 3.
357- Ibid., p. 66.
358- Hoimar Von Ditfurth, Dinozorlar›n Sessiz Gecesi 3, ["The Silent Nights of the Dinosaurs 3"], p. 165.
359- Frank Salisbury, "Doubts About the Modern Synthetic Theory of Evolution," American Biology Teacher, September 1971, p. 338.
360- Prof. Dr. Ali Demirsoy, Kalitim ve Evrim ["Inheritance and Evolution"], p. 475.
361- Cemal Yildirim, Evrim Kurami ve Bagnazlik ["The Theory of Evolution and Bigotry"], pp. 58-59.
362- Ernst Mayr, Systematics and the Origin of Species, New York: Dove Press, 1964, p. 296.