Justice in the Golden Age
According to our Prophet (saas), before the Golden Age a great degeneration and injustice will prevail in society. Theft and fraud will grow, people will not seek to meet the needs of the needy, and only a small group of people will enjoy the benefits of affluence. But during the Golden Age, when the Qur’an’s morality will prevail, every strata will benefit equally from justice, security, and peace. In such a secure environment, people will not commit any form of fraud, wickedness, and unlawful acts. The following sayings are only a few that describe the justice unique to the End Times:
Earth will be filled with equity and justice, just as it was previously filled with oppression and tyranny.16
... There will be no injustice or oppression under his [the Mahdi's] rule.17
The earth fills with justice.18
He [the Mahdi] will distribute wealth evenly among people. His justice will permeate everywhere. Earth, replete with violence and wickedness, will overflow with justice upon his arrival.19
During the time of Mahdi, justice will prevail to such an extent that every possession taken by force will be returned to his owner; furthermore, some other person’s thing, even if it rests within one’s teeth, will be given back to its owner… Security will permeate all over Earth and even a few ladies will be able to fulfil their hajj without the company of men.20
Allah Commands Justice
O you who believe, be upholders of justice, bearing witness for Allah alone, even against yourselves or your parents and relatives. Whether they are rich or poor, Allah is well able to look after them. Do not follow your own desires and deviate from the truth. If you twist or turn away, Allah is aware of what you do. (Surat an-Nisa’: 135)
As this verse maintains, Allah commands the believers to be just under all circumstances. For this reason, when the Qur’an’s morality prevails, they will exercise justice in its true sense. Their system will ensure that all people take advantage of all benefits and will receive what they request, and that everyone will be protected and guarded. For this reason, people will no longer have an attitude that does not comply with the Qur’an’s morality, and injustice and violence will disappear completely.
In the Golden Age, people will comply scrupulously with each Qur’anic verse and thereby bring about a Paradise-like environment of peace and security. One of the most telling attributes of a Muslim living in such an environment is his or her commitment to uphold justice under all circumstances, provide justice to others, and never to swerve from it. In such a society, the believers will maintain justice at every instant of life. No one will be allowed to live in misery or be subjected to injustice, for all people will receive a just recompense for their work, and no one will need to suffer to make ends meet. Everyone will be asked to accomplish things in line with his or her own ability and will be provided with all kinds of opportunities. Allah commands His believing servants to rule with justice. Some of the related verses are as follows:
Allah commands justice, doing good, and giving to relatives. And He forbids indecency, doing wrong, and tyranny. He warns you so that hopefully you will pay heed. (Surat an-Nahl: 90)
Allah commands you to return to their owners the things that you hold on trust and, when you judge between people, to judge with justice. How excellent is what Allah exhorts you to do! Allah is All-Hearing, All-Seeing. (Surat an-Nisa’: 58)
O you who believe, show integrity for the sake of Allah, bearing witness with justice. Do not let hatred for a people incite you into not being just. Be just. That is closer to heedfulness… (Surat al-Ma’ida: 8)
At present, we can see clearly the existence of great injustice and an unequal allocation of resources. Images of children starving to death or of people murdering one another for a loaf of bread bring to mind social justice. That the wealth of the 200 richest people amounts to the wealth of 2.5 billion fellow human beings is the most explicit indication of the prevailing unjust system. When there are so many people in need, many affluent people still strive to hoard even more goods to add to their fortunes. Money spent only for pleasure and debauchery, or for no purpose at all, may well become the way out for hundreds of thousands of people dying of hunger. However, some miserly people still turn their faces away from those who are suffering. In the Qur’an, Allah describes these people as follows:
No indeed! You do not honor orphans or urge the feeding of the poor; you devour inheritance with voracious appetites and have an insatiable love of wealth. (Surat al-Fajr: 17-20)
Such moral corruption is the result of being selfish and losing the feelings of cooperation and solidarity. In this case, the only solution is to establish the Qur’an’s morality throughout society, for those people who display its morality are just, compassionate, and seek to help those in need. Only through the existence of such morally excellent people can this Earth be filled with justice, abundance, and blessings.
Some Qur’anic verses regarding the establishment of social justice on Earth are as follows:
You will not attain true goodness until you give of what you love. Whatever you give away, Allah knows it. (Surah Al ‘Imran: 92)
As for those who hoard up gold and silver and do not spend it in the Way of Allah, give them the news of a painful punishment. (Surat at-Tawba: 34)
O you who believe, give away some of the good things you have earned and some of what the land produces for you. And do not aim toward the defective therefrom, spending [from that] while you would not take it [yourself] except with closed eyes. Know that Allah is Rich Beyond Need, Praiseworthy. (Surat al-Baqara: 267)
If you give your alms in public, that is good. But if you conceal it and give it to the poor, that is better for you, and We will erase some of your bad actions from you. Allah is aware of what you do. (Surat al-Baqara: 271)
Those who are steadfast in seeking the face of their Lord, and establish prayer and give from the provision We have given them, secretly and openly, and stave off evil with good, it is they who will have the Ultimate Abode. (Surat ar-Ra‘d: 22)
Those who give in times of both ease and hardship, those who control their rage and pardon other people—Allah loves the good-doers. (Surah Al ‘Imran: 134)
[Charity is] for the poor who are held back in the Way of Allah, unable to travel in the land. The ignorant consider them rich because of their reticence. You will know them by their mark. They do not ask from people insistently. Whatever good you give away, Allah knows it. (Surat al-Baqara: 273)
If someone is in difficult circumstances, there should be a deferral until things are easier. But making a free gift of it would be better for you, if you only knew. (Surat al-Baqara: 280)
They give food, despite their love for it, to the poor and orphans and captives [saying]: “We feed you only out of desire for the Face of Allah. We do not want any repayment from you or any thanks.” (Surat al-Insan: 8-9)
Have you seen him who denies the religion? He is the one who harshly rebuffs the orphan and does not urge the feeding of the poor. (Surat al-Ma‘un: 1-3)
And how is it with you that you do not give in the Way of Allah, when the inheritance of the heavens and Earth belongs to Allah? Those of you who gave and fought before the Victory are not the same as those who gave and fought afterward. They [the former] are higher in rank. But to each of them Allah has promised the Best. Allah is aware of what you do. (Surat al-Hadid: 10)
The Golden Age will be a blessed period during which people will comply scrupulously with Allah’s commands, and, as a result, justice, self-sacrifice, and charity will prevail. In this blessed period, the rich will not hesitate to give to the needy, and everyone will think of the good and comfort of others. This spirit of sharing will make everyone enjoy the same level of welfare and will solve many age-old problems, such as poverty and hunger.
16. Abu Dawud.
18. Imam Rabbani, Mektubat Imam Rabbani (Letters of Imam Rabbani), vol. 1, no. 251.
19. Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar, p. 23.
20. Ibid., p. 23.