WEAPONS: THE ANTIBODIES
Antibodies are protein-structured weapons, which are manufactured to
fight against the foreign cells entering the human body. These weapons
are produced by the B cells, a class of warriors of the immune system.
Antibodies destroy invaders. They have two main functions: The first
is to bind to the invader cell, which is the antigen. The second is to
decompose the biological structure of the antigen and destroy it.
Swimming in the blood and non-cellular fluid, antibodies bind to disease-causing
bacteria and viruses. They mark the foreign molecules to which they bind,
so that the body's fighter cells can distinguish them. This way, they
also inactivate them. This resembles a tank becoming useless and unable
to move or fire shells when it is hit by a guided missile in the battleground.
An antibody fits the enemy (antigen) perfectly, just like a key and a
lock assembling in a three-dimensional structure.
The human body can produce a compatible antibody for almost every enemy
it encounters. Antibodies are not of one type only. According to the structure
of every enemy, a specific antibody powerful enough to deal with it is
produced. This is because an antibody produced for one disease may not
be effective on another.
Manufacturing a specific antibody for each enemy is rather an unusual
process, which deserves closer attention. This process can be realised
only if the B cells know their enemies and their structures very well.
There are, however, millions of enemies (antigens) in nature.
This is like manufacturing a compatible key for each of millions of locks
straight away. What is important is that the manufacturing agent does
this without examining the lock or using any mould. It knows the formula
It is quite difficult for a human being to memorise the shape of even
a single key. So, is it possible for a person to keep in mind the three-dimensional
designs of millions of keys that are to open millions of locks?
Definitely not. However, a B cell so small as to be imperceptible by
the eye keeps millions of bits of information in its memory, and uses
them in correct combinations in a conscious way.
The storage of millions of formulae in a miniscule cell is a great miracle
presented to man. No less miraculous is the cell's using this information
to protect man's health.
It is obvious that the secret of the tremendous success of these tiny
cells is beyond the boundaries of human's comprehension. Today, the power
of the human mind even combined with advanced technology pales into insignificance
in the face of the intelligence displayed by these cells. In fact, even
evolutionist scientists cannot close their eyes to all these signs of
intelligence, which are clear evidence of the existence of a conscious
Creator. One of the greatest advocators of evolution in Turkey, Prof.
Ali Demirsoy, confessed this in his book Kalitim ve Evrim (Inheritance
How and in what form did plasma cells obtain this
information, and produce the antibody exclusively designed according to
it? This question has not been answered precisely so far.3
As confessed by the evolutionist scientist above, how antibodies are
produced is a point that has not been clearly understood as yet. The technology
of the 20th century has proved insufficient even at the level of understanding
the methods of this perfect production. In the years to come, as the methods
used by these tiny cells - which are created to serve mankind - and how
they implement them are unraveled, the perfection and artistry in the
creation of these cells will be better understood.
The Structure Of Antibodies
We have previously stated that antibodies are a type of protein. So,
let us first examine the structure of proteins.
Proteins are made up of amino acids. Twenty different types of amino
acids are arranged in different sequences to form different proteins.
This is similar to making different necklaces by using beads in twenty
different colours. The main differences among proteins are due to the
sequence of these amino acids.
Yet there is an important point to remember: Any error in the amino acid
sequence makes the protein useless, and even harmful. Therefore, there
is no room for even the smallest error in the sequence.
So, how do the protein factories in the cell know in which sequence to
arrange the amino acids they contain, and which protein to produce? The
instructions for each of the thousands of different types of proteins
are encoded in the genes found in the genetic data bank in the cell nucleus.
Therefore, these genes are required for the production of the antibodies
which are a type of protein.
There is a very important miracle here. There are only one hundred thousand
genes in the human body compared to the 1,920,000 antibodies that are
produced. This means that nine hundred thousand genes are missing.
Then how is it ever possible that such a small number of genes can produce
antibodies about ten times their value? The miracle is revealed at this
point. The cell combines the hundred thousand genes it contains in different
combinations to form new antibodies. It receives the information from
some genes and combines it with the information in other genes and makes
the required production according to this combined information.
1,920,000 different antibodies are formed as a result
of 5,200 different combinations.4 This process represents
a wisdom and planning that are too great for the human mind to comprehend,
let alone design.
An individual B cell makes copies of its own specific antibody and
attaches them to the outer surface of its cell membrane. The antibodies
extend outward like minute, highly tuned aerials waiting for contact
with the specific bit of protein that they can recognise. An antibody
is made of two light and two heavy chains of amino acids held together
in a Y shape. The constant regions of chains are the same in many
different types of antibodies. But the variable regions - the tips
of the arms - each have a uniquely shaped cavity that fits exactly
onto the shape of the antibody's "chosen" protein fragment.
When millions of copies have been made, most B-cells stop dividing
and become plasma cells, a type of cell whose interior is packed
with the apparatus to make one product - antibodies. Some of the
dividing B cells continue dividing indefinitely, and become memory
cells. Free antibodies manufactured by plasma cells roam around
in the blood and lymph fluid. When an antibody binds onto its target
antigen, it changes shape. It is the shape change of the antibody
that makes it "stick" to the outside of macrophages.
An unlimited number of combinations can be made with the use of one hundred
thousand genes. The cell, however, uses, with great intelligence, only
5,200 basic combinations and produces 1,920,000 specific antibodies. How
has the cell learned to make the right combinations out of these unlimited
possibilities to form the required antibodies?
Making the correct combinations out of an infinite number of possibilities
aside, how has the cell got this idea of making combinations?
Moreover, the produced combinations serve a certain purpose, and aim
to produce an antibody that would eliminate the antigen that enters the
body. Therefore, the cell also knows the properties of the millions of
antigens entering the body.
No intellect in this world can produce a design of such unparalleled
perfection. But cells only the size of a hundredth of a millimeter can
So, how has the cell learned such a special system?
The truth is that no cell has the opportunity to "learn" a biological
function in the real sense. This is because the cell does not possess
the ability to perform such an act at birth, nor has it the chance to
develop the required skill during the rest of its lifetime. In such cases,
it is a prerequisite that the system in the cell should be ready and complete
at the beginning of life. The cell neither possesses the skill to learn
such combinations, nor does it have the time to learn them, as this would
cause it to fail in stopping the antigens entering the body and the body
would lose the war.
The fact that a system that baffles mankind, even at the point of comprehending
it, has been placed in a cell which has no ability to think and reason,
has a very special meaning. This is the reflection of the uniqueness of
the creation of Allah, the All-Knowing, in a tiny cell. In the Qur'an,
it is stated that Allah's superior wisdom encompasses everything:
... They cannot grasp any of His knowledge save
what He wills. His Footstool encompasses the heavens and the earth and
their preservation does not tire Him. He is the Most High, the Magnificent.
(Surat al-Baqara: 255)
If you were to design an antibody molecule, how would you do it? You
would first have to carry out comprehensive research before deciding on
the shape of the molecule. Surely you could not shape it randomly without
an exact knowledge of its duty. Since the antibodies you are going to
produce will make contact with antigens, you would have to be very well
informed about the structure and specifications of the antigen, too.
Eventually, the antibody you will produce has to have a special and unique
shape at one end. Only then can it bind to an antigen. The other end of
it has to be similar to other antibodies. This is the only way the antigen
destructing mechanism can be activated. As a result, one end has to be
standard, while the other has to be different from the others (which come
in more than one million different types).
Human beings, however, have been unable to design an antibody, despite
all the technology at their disposal. The antibodies produced in the laboratory
environment are either derived from antibody samples taken from the human
body, or the bodies of other living beings.
We earlier stated that antibodies are a type of protein. These proteins,
functioning in the defence of the body within the immune operation, are
called "immune globulin" (a type of protein) and designated as "Ig".
The most characteristic proteins of the defence system, the immune globulin
molecules bind to the antigens to inform other immune cells of the existence
of the antigen or to start the destructive chain reactions of the war.
IgG (Immune Globulin G): IgG is the
most common antibody. Its development takes only a few days, while its
life span ranges from a few weeks to several years. IgGs circulate in
the body and are mainly present in the blood, lymphatic system, and intestine.
They circulate in the bloodstream, directly target the invader, and latch
on to it as soon as they detect it. They have a strong antibacterial and
antigen-destroying effect. They protect the body against bacteria and
viruses, and neutralise the acidic property of toxins (poisons).
Additionally, the IgG may squeeze itself between cells, and eliminate
the bacteria and micro-organic invaders that have infiltrated to the cells
and the skin. Due their above-mentioned ability and small size, they can
enter the placenta of a pregnant woman and protect an undefended foetus
against possible infections.
If antibodies were not created with this characteristic which permits
them to penetrate the placenta, the unborn child in the mother's womb
would be unprotected against microbes. It would be under the threat of
death even before it was born. For this reason, the antibodies of the
mother protect the embryo against the enemies until the time of birth.
IgA (Immune Globulin A): These antibodies
are present in sensitive regions where the body fights with antigens such
as in tears, saliva, mother's milk, blood, air sacs, mucus, gastric and
intestinal secretions. The sensitivity of those regions relates directly
to the tendency of bacteria and viruses to prefer such damp mediums.
IgAs, which are structurally quite similar to each other, settle in those
regions of the body where microbes are most likely to enter, and they
keep this area under control. This is like placing reliable soldiers on
guard at strategically critical points.
The antibodies, which protect the foetus from various diseases in the
mother's womb, do not abandon the newborn following their birth, but continue
to guard them. All newborn babies do need ongoing assistance from the
mother, because there are no IgAs in the organism of a newborn baby. During
this period, the IgAs present in the milk the baby sucks from its mother
protect the baby's digestive system from the effect of many microbes.
Just like IgGs, this antibody class also disappears after they have fulfilled
their term of service, when the baby is a few weeks old.
Have you ever wondered who sends you these antibodies that try to protect
you from microbes, when you are in the form of an embryo and unaware of
anything? Is it your mother or your father? Or is it that they have taken
a common decision and sent you these antibodies together? Certainly, the
help in question is out of the control of both parents. The mother is
not even aware that she has been endowed with such an aid plan. The father
is just as unaware of all that is going on.
Then why do the cells present in the mother's breast and productive of
these antibodies function in such a way? Which power has told these cells
that the newborn needs antibodies? It is by no means a coincidence that
the cells engaging in antibody production for the baby are located in
the place where the newborns suckle.
Here, there is another very important miracle. Antibodies are protein-structured
organisms. Proteins, on the other hand, are digested in the human stomach.
Therefore, normally, the baby suckling milk from its mother would digest
these antibodies in its stomach, and would become unprotected against
microbes. The stomach of the newborn baby, however, is created in such
a way that it does not digest and destroy these antibodies. The production
of protein-digesting enzymes is very little at this stage. Therefore,
antibodies vital for life are not digested and they protect the newborn
baby from its enemies.
The miracle does not end here. The antibodies, which are not broken down
by the stomach, can, however, be absorbed by the intestine as a whole.
The intestinal cells of the newborn are created in such a way as to do
Unquestionably, it is no coincidence that these miraculous events are
arranged in such a sequence. The human body, a meticulously planned example
of creation, passes from the embryonic stage to having a fully functional
immune system in a perfectly phased manner. This is because the events
that are supposed to take place in the body every day, every hour and
every minute, are computed in an extremely finely-tuned manner. Certainly,
the author of this precise calculation is Allah, Who creates everything
according to a very intricate plan.
IgM (Immune globulin M): These antibodies
are present in the blood, lymph and on the surface of the B cells. When
the human organism encounters an antigen, IgM is the first antibody that
is produced in the body in response to this enemy.
An unborn child can produce IgMs in the sixth month of gestation. If
an enemy ever attacks the baby in the mother's womb, for example, if it
infects it with a microbial disease, the baby's IgM production will increase.
In order to determine whether the foetus has been infected with a disease
or not, the IgM level in its blood is measured.
IgD (Immune globulin D): IgDs are also
present in the blood, lymph, and on the surface of B cells. They are not
capable of acting independently. By attaching themselves to the surfaces
of T cells, they help them capture antigens.
IgE (Immune globulin E): IgEs are antibodies
circulating in the bloodstream. These antibodies, which are responsible
for calling fighter and some other blood cells to war, also cause some
allergic reactions in the body. For this reason, the level of IgE is high
in allergic bodies.
Evolutionists' Attempts To Cover Up
The Evidence Of Creation
First, let us review the information we have examined so far:
- Antibodies latch on to antigens (enemies) entering
- A different type of antibody is produced for every enemy.
- The cell is able to produce thousands of different antibodies for thousands
of different antigens.
- This production starts as soon as the enemy enters the body and is
- There is full harmony between the antigen and the three dimensional
antibody, which is produced for that specific antigen, just as a key exactly
fits a lock.
- The cell, when required, arranges the information it possesses in a
conscious way and produces different antibodies.
- While doing all this, it displays wisdom and planning far beyond the
boundaries of the human mind's comprehension.
- Certain antibodies, which are specially placed in the mother's milk,
meet the antibody need of a baby, which is as yet unable to produce these
- The baby's stomach does not digest the antibodies, but spares them
so that they serve the baby's body.
Here we see a perfectly working system in place. Inside the cells that
produce the antibodies, Allah placed information containing the construction
plans of these antibodies that would fill thousands of encyclopaedia pages.
Furthermore, He has given these unconscious cells the ability to make
combinations, such as are beyond the reach of the human mind.
How do people who blindly believe in evolution explain the existence
of such a perfect system? The answer is very simple: they cannot.
The only thing they do is put forward illogical assumptions which strongly
self-contradict. There are many imaginary scenarios without any scientific
validity that are solely directed towards finding an answer to the question
of "How can we explain this system in terms of evolution?".
The most popular of these scenarios maintains that the immune system
evolved from a single antibody. Here is the summary of this scenario which
has no scientific basis:
Initially the defence system comprised of a single gene that produced
a single type of immunoglobulin (a kind of protein). But this gene "rapidly
created copies of itself (!)" and developed
these copies so that they formed a different molecule of immunoglobulin.
Then the control mechanisms developed that monitor the manufacturing of
different genes which possess the ability to re-combine".
This example is important in seeing how shaky are the grounds the theory
of evolution is built on, and in understanding the brainwashing and window-dressing
methods evolutionists frequently have recourse to. Now let us examine
this deceit sentence by sentence:
Sentence 1: "Initially the defence system comprised
of a single gene that produced a single type of immunoglobulin (a kind
The first question that must be asked is:
"By whom was this inaugural gene created?"
Evolutionists try to present this stage as an insignificant detail and
circumvent it. However, how this initial gene has originated must be explained.
It is scientifically impossible for a gene to have formed by itself. The
impossibility of the coincidental formation of the gene sequence is a
fact which has been admitted by evolutionist scientists many times. We
can give an example from Prof. Ali Demirsoy, a Turkish evolutionist, on
That is, if life requires a certain sequence, it
can be said that this has a probability likely to be realised once in
the whole universe. Otherwise some metaphysical powers
beyond our definition must have acted in its formation.5
Yet evolutionists cover up this point and make a senseless presupposition
such as "whatever the argument, there surely was a gene at the beginning."
As is quite evident, the scenario collapses right at the first step.
Sentence 2: "But this gene "rapidly created copies of
itself (!)" and developed these copies so that they formed a different
molecule of immunoglobulin."
Though impossible, let us suppose that there was a gene at the beginning.
Though it is utterly impossible for this first gene to have formed by
itself, evolutionists make statements, lacking any logical basis such
as "it created copies of itself." Such statements, which have no scientific
value, constitute a good example of the window-dressing style of the evolutionists.
A hypothesis assuming that a gene created and developed different copies
of itself complies neither with the rules of logic nor with scientific
Moreover, the antibodies produced by such an imaginary gene, which has
supposedly formed by itself, and its copies, have to possess such properties
and structure as will stop the antigens coming from the external world.
This means that the same Creator, that is, Allah created both antigens
and the genes that are responsible for producing antibodies for antigens.
Sentence 3: "Then the control mechanisms developed that
manage the manufacturing of different genes which possess the ability
Unable to explain even the working principles of these control and combination
mechanisms, evolutionists evade the issue by saying that "this system
brought itself into being" whenever it serves their purpose. They do not
attempt to describe how such an incredible system developed by itself
as a result of coincidences. When they try to bring some explanations
of their own to these issues, they cannot put forward anything but fabricated
and ridiculous scenarios. By doing so, they expose their weakness, and
the unreasonableness of the claim they make.
So great is the wisdom displayed in these control mechanisms that approximately
two million differently structured products are fabricated from thousands
of combinations of units of information. Yet, as mentioned before, neither
the cell, nor any system within the cell has the ability to "learn" and
"develop". Moreover, the cell makes these information combinations by
selecting only the right ones out of infinite possibilities. Therefore,
this requires a much more conscious and reasonable selecting mechanism.
Those who make such a claim may well advance the following theories for
any given product that is manufactured by technology or the human mind:
"Stone tablets created themselves and later developed into computers
on their own". Or,
"Kites that have created themselves later developed into jet planes."
The above sentences would sound absolutely absurd to any national person.
However, even these sentences are much more logical than saying that the
elements of the defence system, the working principles of which have not
even been discovered, emerged by coincidence.
What is more, the presence of antibodies alone is not sufficient to protect
the human body. For the defence system to operate, and for the human being
to survive, macrophages, helper T cells, killer T cells, suppressor T
cells, memory cells, B cells and many other factors must work in cooperation.